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Central Europe

Map of the Baltic Region

Baltic region and sea

The Baltic Region is Centered on the Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea straddles the whole northern part of Europe. This narrow sea was where the early Vikings learned the fine art of sailing, amongst other things. In some places it is referred to as the Viking sea.

The countries that Surround it are as follows :

  • Norway    (Purple)
  • Sweden    (Green)
  • Finland     (Yellow)
  • Russia       (Red)
  • Estonia     (Brown)
  • Latvia       (Dark Blue)
  • Lithuania (Olive)
  • Poland      (Light Blue)
  • Germany  (
  • Denmark   (Red Brown)

While the above countries may border the Baltic Sea, other countries that are considered part of the Baltic region are :

  • Belarus (Pink)
  • to a lesser extent The Netherlands

You will note that Russia borders the Baltic Sea in two distinct and separate places.  There is a red region between Lithuania and Poland that is a part of Russia yet it is not physically connected to the main part of the Russian Federation.

 

The Baltic Sea flows into the North Sea which is adjacent to the UK.

 

Map of Central Europe

A map of Central Europe

There is no common standard of what actually constitutes Central Europe, in fact many of the countries that are defined under this title also form part of Eastern & Western Europe. For the purposes of this article I am going to define the following countries as forming Central Europe, which is the current definition held by the United Nations:

  1. Austria
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Germany
  4. Hungary
  5. Liechenstein
  6. Poland
  7. Slovakia
  8. Slovenia
  9. Switzerland

There are plenty of sights to see within Central Europe and I am going to take you through a number of them right now. Although of course whilst wandering around you will discover many other wonderful sightseeing opportunities.

  1. Almost everything located within Berlin, Germany is a sight in itself. A particular favourite amongst tourists is climbing the Reichstag Dome.
  2. Of course, no trip to Germany is complete without experiencing wonderful German Beer. The best way to do this is to go to the Beer Hall located in Munich. The Olympic Park is also located incredibly close by and is worth a visit.
  3. Also in Germany you can take the chance to visit ‘The Eagles Nest’ which was a location where Hitler helped to direct the German War.
  4. For the more adventurous amongst people there are plenty of natural sights to see when you hike through the mountains of Switzerland or drive through the rolling countryside gazing at many of the beautiful lakes around the area.
  5. Poland was almost destroyed during World War 2, particularly Warsaw. Take a look around the modern architectural wonders in the city which almost has been completely rebuilt but still in a more medieval style.
  6. There are plenty of concentration camps located within Poland. One of the most popular of course is Auschwitz. The reality of war really hits home when you visit one of these concentration camps.
  7. A particular favourite of those travelling to Central Europe to sightsee is travelling up ‘Castle Hill’ for fantastic views over Budapest, capital of Hungary.
  8. The ‘Rhine River’ travels through most of the countries in Central Europe and a cruise along this will take you to some of the best vineyards in the world. Perfect for wine lovers.

There really is so much to do for sightseeing in Central Europe. Whether you are looking to enjoy the beautiful landscapes of Europe by hiking through mountains or driving through the countryside, or whether you want to experience the rich history which is evident in almost every major town located within Central Europe.

In my opinion if you are going to go sightseeing in Central Europe you should do it properly, for that reason take a chance to visit all nearby countries such as France, Spain and Belgium. Only then will you be able to get the full European experience. Plenty of cheap flights will take you to any of these destinations, after that it is simply a matter of hiring a car and hitting the open road.

Map of Switzerland

map of Switzerland

Switzerland is a true winter wonderland, just check a map of Switzerland if a skiing holiday is what you are after then there are few places in the world that offer better ski packages than Switzerland.

However summer holidays in Switzerland can be Just as fulfilling. The mild climate of the Swiss summer makes for a holiday to the glorious green Alpine foothills a truely rural escape. Thousands of holiday makers will take driving holidays around Switzerland, so renting a car and making for the Swiss border is an excellent option.

The railways around Switzerland are excellent and Eurorail passes are easily purchased from any train station. Infact a rail holiday around Switzerland is argueably one of Europes great holidays. Three train rides you must try are :

  • The Mount Pilatus railway the steepest railway from Lucerne to the top.
  • The Glacier ExpressSt. Moritz to Zermatt, which is a 8 hours travel in the Swiss Alps.
  • The Jungfraujoch railway Interlaken (560 meters) to the Jungfraujoch station (3450 meters) in few hours. And many more.

Flights around and to Europe are cheap these days. So booking a flight to Geneva, Berne or even Zurich is as easy going to your favourite online travel agent and making a few clicks. For a good choice of hotels with discount prices, visit Hotel Reservation in Bern for more information.

Here are some facts about Switzerland

Official name is the Swiss Confederation. It is situated in central Europe. Bordered by the countries : GermanyFrance and Italy. It is a landlocked country so has no Seas or Oceans bordering it The land mass is 41,285 km/squared and a population of approximately 7.8 million people. The capital city is Bern and the political system is a Federal republic, with parliamentary system and direct democracy. The official languages are German, French, Italian and Romansh.

Map of Slovenia

map of Slovenia

Slovenia lies in the heart of Europe. This small green country has an area measuring 20, 273 km2 and has a population of 2 million. It is the only country in Europe that combines the Alps, Mediterranean, Pannonian plain and the Karst. Ljubljana is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. The city is the political, economic and cultural center of the country. Using an interactive map, you can find the hottest spots in town. You can also find what accommodation is available and where the main attractions of the country are located. This will give you a clear view on how to spend your vacation and how much budget you need to set for this trip.

The weather in Slovenia varies from season to season. Therefore, it is worth checking the weather when you are up for a travel to this country. The average temperature is above 20°C in July and around 0°C in January. This will give you an idea what type of clothes you should bring along, so that you can dress up and equip yourself appropriately. There are 3 climatic influences that meet in the country. You should need to know this basic information to make your travel in Slovenia more relaxed and undisturbed as possible.

When you are planning to travel, consider Slovenia as one of your next destination stop. You will really enjoy travelling here since this is a very safe country even late at night in the city. You would not find any difficulty when you are in need of something, from cash to medicines and even strolling around museums and galleries. Each has its own time schedule. This is also one that you should take note when heading for a travel in this green country.  The usual opening schedule for museums is from 9 AM or 10 AM – 5 PM or 6 PM, from Tuesday to Sunday and closes every Mondays.

Visit one of the numerous information centres located throughout the map of Slovenia for free assistance and travel guide. There are about 83 centres available. If you need any information about a particular destination, this is the best place to go. Several tourist attractions await you in Slovenia. You can come across with different historical eras and know their rich, cultural and historic heritage by visiting the country’s museums, galleries and libraries. Never miss visiting places like Bled Castle, Ljubljana Castle, Predjama Castle and Celje’s old Castle. These are must-sees in any trip to Slovenia.

There are plenty of suggestions if you are aiming to explore a specific part of the country, but want to know if it is worth visiting. Look for tips about what to do during weekends. Slovenia is the right place to go if you want to have an active and fun weekend. The capital city of the country that is Ljubljana is usually an essential part in a visit. This part should not be missed. It is so called a lively place in whatever season. From market to restaurant and cafes, you will surely have days full of fun. Travel Slovenia and you will be sure of finding something that will suit your taste and budget.

Map of San Marino

map of San Marino

San Marino is one of the smallest countries you will ever visit. It has a population of over 25,000 people. Its capital city goes by the same name as the country, San Marino. It has a population of about 5000 people. The country has the oldest republic in the whole wide world, dating back to 301 A.D when it got its independence. Another interesting thing about this country is that you can tour the entire country in just 48 hours. This makes it even charming to any tourist as seeing every corner of a foreign country in the shortest time possible is an achievement many dream of.

There are cheap flights to San Marino throughout the year but getting them can be very challenging. The cheap flights are highly competitive and only come when there are promotions; festive seasons or when an airline is celebrating an anniversary. There are other ways through which you can get cheap flights most of which are only known to travel agents. The cheap flights will definitely save you money that you will probably use to have more fun during that vacation or holiday you so much hope to spend in San Marino.

There are hotels in the city and other parts of the country where tourists can eat and spend the nights. The city comes vibrant at night with many restaurants open to tourists and other night life lovers. During the day, the streets are filled with thousands of tourists sightseeing or simply buying souvenirs in the major gift shops around the small city. There are buses and cabs to get you around so you really do not really need to look around for car rental services. Bus tickets are affordable to both locals and tourists wishing to travel to any part of the country.

Before booking that flight to travel San Marino, ensure you have some knowledge of the weather condition you are going to find in the city and in the country as a whole. Like any other part in Europe, San Marino experiences summer, autumn, winter and spring. The best time to fly into San Marino is during spring when almost everything is cool. Summer is also a good season to travel to San Marino but there are so many tourists also flying in during this season. Winter seasons are not the best for anyone to fly into San Marino because of extremely cold conditions.

Take time to walk around the city to buy souvenir and stamps or visit art galleries. Take a map of San Marino to help you locate places easily or take a tour guide with you to shoe you around. If you like making friends or socializing be sure to find a wonderful time in San Marino. The locals are very welcoming and friendly people. You will notice nearly all of them show some kind of passion for their country and culture and are very proud of whatever they do.