Map of Greenland
While Greenland is technically closer to Canada than it is to Europe. It is an autonomous constituent country within the kingdom of Denmark. With a low population of about fifty seven thousand people, it is one the least populated territories on earth. The capital is Nuuk and most of the population is made up Inuit who began migrating from the North American continent about seven hundred years ago. Greenland was settled by the Norse a about a thousand years ago but most of the Norse either died out or interbred with the Inuit population.
Greenland has also the largest permanent ice sheet outside of Antarctica. Most of the map of Greenland you see above is just ice sheet.
Map of the Languages of Europe
You can click on the map above to get a visual relationship of the languages and the countries they are attached to. We recognise that the term “official language” can be somewhat debated. So what we have put together here is a map of the most spoken/official language of the countries of Europe.
Fr clarity we have added a table of the official national languages and also the spoken languages in a country. There are times we have to make decisions about language naming convetions mostly due to room on the map. The Balkan nations are packed together and leave little room for names. So in Bosnia-Herzegovina we have shortened the language name to Sebo-Croatian, which technically is not accurate.
We realise there are some inconsistencies in the map. An example is that we have listed Corsican as a language of Corsica but not included it in the table. We will be updating the table in the next few months to more accurately represent situations like these.
Official and national Languages||
Other spoken Languages|
|Albania||Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect)||Shqip-Gheg dialect (Gegë), Greek, Italian|
|Andorra||Catalan||French, Castilian, Portuguese|
|Austria||German, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian|
(official in Burgenland)
|Belgium||Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian|
|Cyprus||Greek, Turkish, English|
|Czech Republic||Czech (cestina)|
|Denmark||Danish (dansk)||Standard German|
|Estonia||Estonian (eesti keel)||Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish|
|Faroe Islands||Faroese, Danish|
|Finland||Finnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9%||small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities|
|Gibraltar||English||Llanito (a mixture of Spanish and English), Spanish|
|Greece||Greek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version)||Turkish (Northern Greece)|
|Greenland||Greenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish|
|Hungary||Hungarian (magyar)||German, Romanian|
|Iceland||Icelandic||English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken.|
|Ireland||Irish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),|
|Latvia||Latvian (latviesu valoda)||Lithuanian, Russian|
|Lithuania||Lithuanian (lietuviu kalba)||Polish, Russian|
|Luxembourg||Luxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken|
language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)
|Macedonia, Rep. of||Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%|
|Moldova||Moldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language),||Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)|
|Monaco||French||Monegasque, English, Italian,|
| Montenegro||Serbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect – official)|
|Netherlands||Dutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)|
|Norway||Norwegian (nynorsk and bokmal)||small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities|
|Romania||Romanian (romana)||Hungarian, German|
|Serbia||Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%|
|Slovakia||Slovak (slovensky jazyk)||Hungarian|
|Slovenia||Slovenian (slovenski jezik)|
|Spain||Spanish (español – the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan|
17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
|note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages|
are official regionally.
|Sweden||Swedish (svenska)||small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.|
|Switzerland||German 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%|
|Turkey||Turkish (türkçe)||Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek|
|United Kingdom||English||Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales),|
Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
|Vatican City State||Latin, Italian||French and various other languages.|
Europe Map before World War 1
Here we have a map of Europe before the break out of WW1. As you can see there are some Countries that have remained relatively the same. Norway, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands and Italy to name a few.
What is different is that there a number of Empires also on the map. These Empires do seem to encroach on existing countries. A few examples are The Austro-Hungarian empire has at this stage swallowed Croatia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The German empire has been pushed into parts of what is considered modern Denmark and also controls large parts of Poland. The Russian empire controls all of Finland, Parts of Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, Georgia, Latvia and Estonia. The Otton Empire, by this stage has been pushed back into Turkey and is actually an Ally of the German empire in the First World War.
The other thing we can say that stands out on this map which you won’t find on a modern map is that, what is now the Republic of Ireland is part of the United Kingdom.