Time Zone World Map

Why Do We Need a Time Zone World Map

The planet earth is broken up into regions we call time zones. They basically follow the cycle of the sun as the earth spins and different parts of the world face the sun. Humans need to sleep and we generally do this activity at night time. In this era of transcontinental corporations and business enterprises, time zones are more important than ever.

Time Zone World Map
Time Zone World Map

The world timezone map begins and ends at Greenwich a suburb of London in the UK. The map is based around what was formerly known as Greenwich mean time but is now known as Coordinated Universal Time. The World Map we have above is centred in Greenwich and to the left and right are the farthest points away from this line and are -11 hours away from Coordinated Universal Time. The countries in this furthest timezone are territories like American Samoa and the Jarvis Islands. Interestingly it is these tiny little countries that are the first to celebrate new years every year.

Each timezone is one hour in length so there are 24 separate time zones as there are twenty four hours in a day. You can see that the each timezone on the world map above is not straight. This is because time zones only apply to landmasses above the oceans and will generally try to take sovereign territories into account. Islands are generally included with the large landmasses that are nearby although in cases like Indonesia that is one big archipelago there are multiple time zones spread across the country.

How Many Time Zones Are There In Europe?

There are 4 time zones in Europe. The UK, Portugal, Ireland and Iceland are grouped together in the 0 UTC. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Italy Germany, Luxembourg, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Switzerland Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia are all grouped together in +1 UTC. Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Moldova, Roumania, Bulgaria and Greece are grouped together in +2 UTC. Finally we have Russia, Belarus and Turkey grouped together in +3 UTC, although it is still debatable if Turkey is considered part of Europe.

There have been arguments to increase the length of each time zone to 2 or 3 hours. Pundits feel this would simplify things as it would reduce the number of time zones and countries like the USA would only have 1 time zone and just use daylight saving to adjust for daylight hours. Realistically this would actually just make things more difficult for individuals even if business would probably applaud the innovation.

Speaking of business and time zones. There are places around the world like Adelaide in Australia that should technically be 1 hour behind the large and influential cities of Sydney and Melbourne but have agreed to adjust the time zone purely for commercial reasons. So instead of being +9 UTC, for all intense and purposes Adelaide is +9.5 UTC.

The International Space Station is travelling at 17,500 mph (28,000 km/h) and can do 16 revolutions of the earth in a day. It is therefore passing through multiple time zones a day. Astronauts aboard the ISS log events against GMT/UTC just to simply procedures.

 

 

 

 

Posted on Categories World

Road Map of Europe

Road Map of Europe

So here we have a map of all the major highways in Europe. There are no highway names as the map would not probably fit onto the website. It is just here to give you an idea of what countries are connected by the main road network. If you click on the map above it will expand and you will be able to see a bit better which countries are connected by these highways.

The above map is a much better road map of Europe than the old one.

We have updated the maps and brought it into the 21st century. The old road map was quite frankly a little underwhelming but the new one is much clearer and we have deliberately made it a bigger size so when zoomed in you will get a better idea where you are heading.

We have included the old one below as we know that some people still use it.

Old Road Map of Europe

Posted on Categories Travel

Legal Status of Bitcoin in Europe (Map)

How Many European Countries have Legalized Bitcoin?

45 European countries have legalized Bitcoin. 3 Countries are neutral on the legal status of Bitcoin. 6 Countries have provided no information on the legal status of Bitcoin. 1 country (Republic of Macedonia) has made bitcoin illegal. The table below shows what the status is within each European country.

Ont thing we for got to check in the original story was what is the Macedonian Denar worth in Bitcoin at the time of writing this edit it is worth 680101.34 Denar. So there is definitely still an exchange of Denar and BTC occurring. We do think Bitcoin Converter is one of the best sites out there for calculating BTC exchange rates.

Country NameBitcoin LegalityClassification
AlbaniaNeutralCommodity
AndorraNeutralNo Information
ArmeniaNo InformationNo Information
AustriaLegalBarter Good
BelarusLegalCommodity
BelgiumLegalCurrency
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNo InformationNo Information
BulgariaLegalCurrency
CroatiaLegalCurrency
CyprusLegalCurrency
Czech RepublicLegalCurrency
DenmarkLegalCurrency
EstoniaLegalCurrency
FinlandLegalCurrency
FranceLegalCommodity
GeorgiaLegalNo Classification
GermanyLegalBarter Good
GibraltarLegalNo Information
GreeceLegalCurrency
GreenlandLegalCommodity
GuernseyNo InformationNo Information
Vatican CityNo InformationNo Information
HungaryLegalCurrency
IcelandLegalCurrency
IrelandLegalCurrency
Isle of ManLegalNo Information
ItalyLegalCurrency
JerseyLegalCurrency
KosovoNeutralNo Information
LatviaLegalCurrency
LiechtensteinLegalCurrency
LithuaniaLegalCurrency
LuxembourgLegalCurrency
MaltaLegalCurrency
MonacoLegalCurrency
MontenegroNo InformationNo Information
NetherlandsLegalCommodity
PolandLegalProperty
PortugalLegalNo
Classification
Republic of MacedoniaIllegalNo Information
Republic of MoldovaNo InformationNo Information
RomaniaLegalCurrency
Russian FederationLegalCurrency
San MarinoLegalCurrency
SerbiaLegalCommodity
SlovakiaLegalCurrency
SloveniaLegalCurrency
SpainLegalCurrency
Svalbard and Jan MayenLegalCommodity
SwedenLegalCommodity
SwitzerlandLegalCurrency
TurkeyLegalCommodity
UkraineLegalCurrency
United KingdomLegalCurrency

The sea of green in the map and table above highlights that Bitcoin is legal in almost every country in Europe and is currently legal in all 28 member countries of the European Union. What does this mean for Bitcoin? It is here to stay. As of writing this article Bitcoin is on the verge of surpassing USD$8000.00 again.

Bitcoin price
Image from coinmarketcap.com

Bitcoin has been here before. December 2017 it hit USD$19,783.06 then plummeted to under USD$6200.00 by February 2018. So yes, Bitcoin is volatile there is no denying that but what currency hasn’t been volatile at some point in its history? Bitcoin is still in its infancy, for example the USD has been around since 1785 and has had a volatile history. Eventually most currencies settle down and get into a groove and the market begins to trust it.

Judging by how many countries now accept that bitcoin can be exchanged for goods means that the magical trust factor is already starting to solidify around Bitcoin. This is different from Bitcoin being considered legal tender. Most EU member countries only accept the Euro as legal tender (except the UK). However, shops, pubs, petrol stations and more types of establishments are starting to accept Bitcoin as payment in exchange for goods and services and Bitcoin teller machines are sprouting faster than mushrooms after a summer shower.

Why is Bitcoin Illegal in Macedonia?

The Governor of the National Bank of Macedonia, Dimitar Bogov puts it like this:

“In Macedonia, the legal means for payment in cash and non-cash payment operations is the denar,”

This policy is futile. If a person has access to the internet then they have access to Bitcoin. It is suspected that hundreds if not thousands of Bitcoin transactions a week originate from Macedonia. So a subset of the Macedonia population is already circumventing these laws. If Macedonia wants to join the EU at any time in the future, then the denar will have to be dropped and at this point it is widely suspected that Bitcoin will no longer be outlawed. Some commentators that it may become legal long before that anyway.  You can compare this map image to the standard map of Europe.

Posted on Categories Finance

Will the European Union (EU) Survive Brexit?

What is Brexit?

Brexit is the conjunction of two words Britain and Exit. It was coined by The Economist magazine back in 2012. It describes the anticipated split of Britain from the EU.  Brexit is such a commonly used term that it has been added to the Oxford Dictionary.

Will the EU Survive Without the UK?

Yes, the EU can survive without the UK. The two questions that follow from this are. What kind of EU will remain and what kind of Britain will it be. While it is feasible that the split could cause the EU headaches and some initial teething problems. Eventually the EU will bounce back.

In the short term the statistical data will look bad for the EU. Experts believe that the EU will lose 16% of its GDP when the UK leaves the union. This is a straight out fact as that the is the proportion of GDP that the UK made up of the overall EU economy. The UK is the second biggest economy in the EU, under Germany but above France. So anyway you look at it that is a big statistical value to lose. When the UK leaves the EU economy for the first time since inception of the EU28 (the European Union with 28 member countries) will be smaller than the USA economy.

The flip side to this coin is that the UK since about 2007 has been a drag on the EU economy. Economic growth in the EU without the UK will actually be faster. The UK economy has been relatively stagnant since the (GFC) Global Financial Crisis. London’s financial markets were proven to be very vulnerable to the affects of the GFC and have not recovered well. The UK’s manufacturing and exports are predicted to grow slower than the EU in 2019 and 2020, so the overall effect on the EU economy of Brexit will be a positive one. Even if initially the numbers will look worse.

The European Union after Brexit will be a very different beast but probably a more robust, strong and progressive animal.

Will the UK Survive Without the EU?

Yes, the UK can survive without the EU. The UK economy is  the 5th largest in the world. This is despite all the pains the UK economy suffered over the GFC. The UK government is attempting  forge ahead with new trade pacts with countries like Australia but at the end of the day the EU is the UK’s biggest trading partner. this is not likely to change for decades to come. How will Brexit affect trade? The will be determined by the trade deal the Uk parliament can put in place with the EU. Currently they are not having much success in putting an kind of agreement on paper that is both acceptable to the UK parliament and the member countries of the EU. If this isn’t sorted then Initially trade will take a hit and possibly have a long term negative affect.

Conclusion

Brexit is a force for change in the world. Both the EU and the UK will initially feel some negative affects from the split but will these effects be long lasting? Only time will tell.

Posted on Categories Finance

What are the Transcontinental Countries of Europe and Asia?

What are the Transcontinental Countries of Europe and Asia?

There are 4 countries that are considered transcontinental between Europe and Asia. These are The Russian Federation, The Republic of Turkey, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, ( Georgia ).

We are taking the literal meaning of Transcontinental means a country’s landmass is contiguously located in more than one continent. There are more nations that are non-contiguous transcontinental countries like Greenland which is a territory of Denmark. However there is a body of water that separates the two parts and therefore disqualifies it from this list.

Russia

Being the largest country in the world you would expect that Russia would span a number of continents. Russia is bordered by 16 countries 8 of which are European and 8 which are considered Asian. Russia even has a transcontinental city. The city of Orenburg has a footprint that spans both Asia and Europe.

Countries that border Russia :
NumberCountryLength of Border (KM)
1Kazakhstan7,512
2China4,209
3Mongolia3,485
4Ukraine1,925
5Finland1,271
6Belarus1,239
7Georgia875
8Azerbaijan372
9Estonia294
10Latvia270
11Lithuania266
12Abkhazia255
13Poland204
14Norway195
15South Ossetia70
16North Korea17

Turkey

Being the confluence of many cultures Turkey has always been the crossroads between what is traditionally considered the East and the West. The Bosporus straights that cuts Istanbul in half is also considered one of the meeting points between Europe and Asia. The magical city of Istanbul is probably the most famous transcontinental city. Canakkale City in Turkey also spans two continents, Europe and Asia. There are 8 countries that border Turkey. Two of which are European countries this being Greece and Azerbaijan.  Azerbaijan is also considered a transcontinental country.

Countries that border Turkey :
  1. Armenia
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Georgia
  5. Greece
  6. Iran
  7. Iraq
  8. Syria

Kazakhstan

Most western people would not know that Kazakhstan makes it onto this list. Kazakhstan is a Central Asian country but it does have a small part in Eastern Europe. It barely makes it onto the list of countries that span across Europe and Asia. There are two provinces that a firmly transcontinental, they are West Kazakhstan and Atyrau.

Countries that border Kazakhstan :
  1. Russia
  2. Uzbekistan
  3. China
  4. Kyrgyzstan
  5. Turkmenistan

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is another country that is often associated with Europe. However a small part of the country falls north of the Caucasus mountains and thus within Europe. So technically although by the slimmest of margins it is a transcontinental country that spans both Europe and Asia.

Countries that border Azerbaijan :
  1. Russia
  2. Georgia
  3. Armenia
  4. Iran
  5. Turkey

Georgia

If Azerbaijan can make it onto this list then most experts feel Georgia should. While technically not transcontinental the only thing that separates Georgia from Europe proper is the Black Sea. The Caucus mountains are another one of those arbitrary borders that were written into the rule books by early t European geographers. The Georgian people adhere much more to European traits than Asian and look more Hungarian than  Mongolian or South West Asian. Georgia is truly a conundrum. The borders of Europe are becoming more flexible as time passes, so it is possible that Georgia will become properly transcontinental in the not to distant future.

  1. Russia
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Turkey
  4. Armenia

There are many Non-Contiguous Transcontinental Nations

Greece, Cyprus, France, Denmark, Portugal and Spain are all Non-Contiguous Transcontinental Nations. They either have overseas territories or as in the case of Cyprus a disputed military border that makes them nations that spread across multiple landmasses.

How Many Countries in Europe?

Countries of Europe

The United Nations officially recognizes 44 countries in Europe. Below we have a table which shows a full list of the countries and the capital cities  of Europe in population order. There are a few countries that did not make the list that possibly could have. These being Georgia, Armenia. Until recently Turkey was looking like a candidate to at least become part of the EU if not a part of Europe proper. In 2019 when this article was written that prospect is looking a lot less likely.

There are 44 countries in EuropeThere are 4 dependant territories that aren’t listed below, They are the Channel Islands, Gibraltar, Faeroe Islands and the Isle of Man. The other Country that is not listed is Cyprus. It has a special position as it spans both Europe and Asia with one half being Greek and the other half being Turkish. The territories are still under dispute since the Turkish invasion of the island in 1974.

To see how they all the countries fit together go to our latest political  map of Europe. This map will show all the countries listed below but will also show the countries that are missing from the list as per the explanation above. In future articles we will be splitting up the countries of Europe into their separate regions. These being Southern Europe, Norther Europe, Eastern Europe and Western Europe.

Russia143,895,551Moscow
Germany82,438,639Berlin
United
Kingdom
66,959,016London
France65,480,710Paris
Italy59,216,525Rome
Spain46,441,049Madrid
Ukraine43,795,220Kyiv (also known as
Kiev)
Poland38,028,278Warsaw
Romania19,483,360Bucharest
Netherlands17,132,908Amsterdam
Belgium11,562,784Brussels
Greece11,124,603Athens
Czech
Republic
10,630,589Prague
Portugal10,254,666Lisbon
Sweden10,053,135Stockholm
Hungary9,655,361Budapest
Belarus9,433,874Minsk
Austria8,766,201Vienna
Serbia8,733,407Belgrade
Switzerland8,608,259Bern
Bulgaria6,988,739Sofia
Denmark5,775,224Copenhagen
Finland5,561,389Helsinki
Slovakia5,450,987Bratislava
Norway5,400,916Oslo
Ireland4,847,139Dublin
Croatia4,140,148Zagreb
Moldova4,029,750Chisinau
Bosnia
and Herzegovina
3,501,774Sarajevo
Albania2,938,428Tirana
Lithuania2,864,459Vilnius
North Macedonia2,086,720(FYROM) Skopje
Slovenia2,081,900Ljubljana
Latvia1,911,108Riga
Estonia1,303,798Tallinn
Montenegro629,355Podgorica
Luxembourg596,992Luxembourg (city)
Malta433,245Valletta
Iceland340,566Reykjavik
Andorra77,072Andorra la Vella
Monaco39,102Monaco
Liechtenstein38,404Vaduz
San Marino33,683San Marino
Holy See799Vatican City

Through out history the countries of Europe has been very changeable and fluid. There have been times when there have been as few as 16 countries. In the past the Ottoman Turks had taken huge swathes of Europe and formulated them into one country. Although those countries were under a Turkish/Asian empire they were still technically considered part of Europe. The Austro-Hungarian empire also consolidated large parts of Europe into one political entity. Although Europe has been relatively stable of late borders are always fluid. A good example of this is what is happening with the “Brexit” debate in the EU. Borders will have to once again be redrawn as the Irish republic stays in the EU but NortherN Ireland leaves. Stay tuned to MapofEurope.com to keep you up to date.