How Many Countries in Europe?

How many countries in Europe - 44

Countries of Europe

The United Nations officially recognizes 44 countries in Europe. Below we have a table which shows a full list of the countries and the capital citiesĀ  of Europe in population order. There are a few countries that did not make the list that possibly could have. These being Georgia, Armenia. Until recently Turkey was looking like a candidate to at least become part of the EU if not a part of Europe proper. In 2019 when this article was written that prospect is looking a lot less likely.

There are 44 countries in EuropeThere are 4 dependant territories that aren’t listed below, They are the Channel Islands, Gibraltar, Faeroe Islands and the Isle of Man. The other Country that is not listed is Cyprus. It has a special position as it spans both Europe and Asia with one half being Greek and the other half being Turkish. The territories are still under dispute since the Turkish invasion of the island in 1974.

To see how they all the countries fit together go to our latest politicalĀ  map of Europe. This map will show all the countries listed below but will also show the countries that are missing from the list as per the explanation above. In future articles we will be splitting up the countries of Europe into their separate regions. These being Southern Europe, Norther Europe, Eastern Europe and Western Europe.

Russia143,895,551Moscow
Germany82,438,639Berlin
United
Kingdom
66,959,016London
France65,480,710Paris
Italy59,216,525Rome
Spain46,441,049Madrid
Ukraine43,795,220Kyiv (also known as
Kiev)
Poland38,028,278Warsaw
Romania19,483,360Bucharest
Netherlands17,132,908Amsterdam
Belgium11,562,784Brussels
Greece11,124,603Athens
Czech
Republic
10,630,589Prague
Portugal10,254,666Lisbon
Sweden10,053,135Stockholm
Hungary9,655,361Budapest
Belarus9,433,874Minsk
Austria8,766,201Vienna
Serbia8,733,407Belgrade
Switzerland8,608,259Bern
Bulgaria6,988,739Sofia
Denmark5,775,224Copenhagen
Finland5,561,389Helsinki
Slovakia5,450,987Bratislava
Norway5,400,916Oslo
Ireland4,847,139Dublin
Croatia4,140,148Zagreb
Moldova4,029,750Chisinau
Bosnia
and Herzegovina
3,501,774Sarajevo
Albania2,938,428Tirana
Lithuania2,864,459Vilnius
North Macedonia2,086,720(FYROM) Skopje
Slovenia2,081,900Ljubljana
Latvia1,911,108Riga
Estonia1,303,798Tallinn
Montenegro629,355Podgorica
Luxembourg596,992Luxembourg (city)
Malta433,245Valletta
Iceland340,566Reykjavik
Andorra77,072Andorra la Vella
Monaco39,102Monaco
Liechtenstein38,404Vaduz
San Marino33,683San Marino
Holy See799Vatican City

Through out history the countries of Europe has been very changeable and fluid. There have been times when there have been as few as 16 countries. In the past the Ottoman Turks had taken huge swathes of Europe and formulated them into one country. Although those countries were under a Turkish/Asian empire they were still technically considered part of Europe. The Austro-Hungarian empire also consolidated large parts of Europe into one political entity. Although Europe has been relatively stable of late borders are always fluid. A good example of this is what is happening with the “Brexit” debate in the EU. Borders will have to once again be redrawn as the Irish republic stays in the EU but NortherN Ireland leaves. Stay tuned to MapofEurope.com to keep you up to date.