How Many Countries in Europe?

How many countries in Europe - 44

Countries of Europe

The United Nations officially recognizes 44 countries in Europe. Below we have a table which shows a full list of the countries and the capital citiesĀ  of Europe in population order. There are a few countries that did not make the list that possibly could have. These being Georgia, Armenia. Until recently Turkey was looking like a candidate to at least become part of the EU if not a part of Europe proper. In 2019 when this article was written that prospect is looking a lot less likely.

There are 44 countries in EuropeThere are 4 dependant territories that aren’t listed below, They are the Channel Islands, Gibraltar, Faeroe Islands and the Isle of Man. The other Country that is not listed is Cyprus. It has a special position as it spans both Europe and Asia with one half being Greek and the other half being Turkish. The territories are still under dispute since the Turkish invasion of the island in 1974.

To see how they all the countries fit together go to our latest politicalĀ  map of Europe. This map will show all the countries listed below but will also show the countries that are missing from the list as per the explanation above. In future articles we will be splitting up the countries of Europe into their separate regions. These being Southern Europe, Norther Europe, Eastern Europe and Western Europe.

Russia 143,895,551 Moscow
Germany 82,438,639 Berlin
66,959,016 London
France 65,480,710 Paris
Italy 59,216,525 Rome
Spain 46,441,049 Madrid
Ukraine 43,795,220 Kyiv (also known as
Poland 38,028,278 Warsaw
Romania 19,483,360 Bucharest
Netherlands 17,132,908 Amsterdam
Belgium 11,562,784 Brussels
Greece 11,124,603 Athens
10,630,589 Prague
Portugal 10,254,666 Lisbon
Sweden 10,053,135 Stockholm
Hungary 9,655,361 Budapest
Belarus 9,433,874 Minsk
Austria 8,766,201 Vienna
Serbia 8,733,407 Belgrade
Switzerland 8,608,259 Bern
Bulgaria 6,988,739 Sofia
Denmark 5,775,224 Copenhagen
Finland 5,561,389 Helsinki
Slovakia 5,450,987 Bratislava
Norway 5,400,916 Oslo
Ireland 4,847,139 Dublin
Croatia 4,140,148 Zagreb
Moldova 4,029,750 Chisinau
and Herzegovina
3,501,774 Sarajevo
Albania 2,938,428 Tirana
Lithuania 2,864,459 Vilnius
North Macedonia 2,086,720 (FYROM) Skopje
Slovenia 2,081,900 Ljubljana
Latvia 1,911,108 Riga
Estonia 1,303,798 Tallinn
Montenegro 629,355 Podgorica
Luxembourg 596,992 Luxembourg (city)
Malta 433,245 Valletta
Iceland 340,566 Reykjavik
Andorra 77,072 Andorra la Vella
Monaco 39,102 Monaco
Liechtenstein 38,404 Vaduz
San Marino 33,683 San Marino
Holy See 799 Vatican City

Through out history the countries of Europe has been very changeable and fluid. There have been times when there have been as few as 16 countries. In the past the Ottoman Turks had taken huge swathes of Europe and formulated them into one country. Although those countries were under a Turkish/Asian empire they were still technically considered part of Europe. The Austro-Hungarian empire also consolidated large parts of Europe into one political entity. Although Europe has been relatively stable of late borders are always fluid. A good example of this is what is happening with the “Brexit” debate in the EU. Borders will have to once again be redrawn as the Irish republic stays in the EU but NortherN Ireland leaves. Stay tuned to to keep you up to date.