The Top European Festivals You Can’t Miss in 2023

Europe is a continent that is rich in culture and history, and this is reflected in the wide variety of festivals that take place throughout the year. Whether you are interested in music, food, or cultural events, there is something for everyone in Europe’s festival scene. In this article, we will explore the top European festivals that you can’t miss in 2023.

Edinburgh Fringe Festival

The Edinburgh Fringe Festival is one of the largest arts festivals in the world and takes place in the Scottish capital every August. The festival is known for its wide variety of performances, including comedy, theater, dance, and music, and attracts performers and visitors from all over the world. The festival has a unique atmosphere, with street performers and pop-up events taking place throughout the city.


Oktoberfest is a world-famous beer festival that takes place in Munich, Germany, every year in September and October. The festival is a celebration of Bavarian culture and tradition and attracts millions of visitors every year. Visitors can enjoy traditional German food and beer, live music, and carnival rides.

La Tomatina

La Tomatina is an annual festival that takes place in the town of Buñol, Spain, on the last Wednesday of August. The festival is a massive tomato fight, where participants throw ripe tomatoes at each other in the streets. The festival attracts thousands of visitors every year and is a unique and unforgettable experience.

Venice Carnival

The Venice Carnival is an annual festival that takes place in the Italian city of Venice. The festival is known for its elaborate masks and costumes and dates back to the 13th century. Visitors can enjoy street performances, live music, and traditional Italian food and wine.

Dubrovnik Summer Festival

The Dubrovnik Summer Festival is an annual festival that takes place in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from mid-July to mid-August. The festival features a wide range of cultural events, including theater, dance, classical music, and opera performances. The festival’s main venue is the historic Old Town of Dubrovnik, which adds to the festival’s unique atmosphere.

During the festival, visitors can enjoy performances by world-renowned artists in stunning open-air venues, such as the Rector’s Palace, the City Walls, and the Lovrjenac Fort. The festival also features a variety of food and wine events, as well as exhibitions of local art and crafts.

The Dubrovnik Summer Festival is a must-see event for anyone visiting Croatia in the summer months. With its stunning scenery and rich cultural offerings, this festival is sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who attends.

Running of the Bulls

The Running of the Bulls is an annual festival that takes place in Pamplona, Spain, in July. The festival is a part of the San Fermin Festival and involves participants running in front of a group of bulls through the streets of the city. The festival has a long history and is a significant cultural event in Spain.

Glastonbury Festival

The Glastonbury Festival is one of the largest music festivals in the world and takes place in Somerset, England, every year in June. The festival is known for its diverse lineup of music acts and attracts visitors from all over the world. Visitors can camp on-site and enjoy food, drinks, and activities throughout the festival.

Cannes Film Festival

The Cannes Film Festival is an annual film festival that takes place in Cannes, France, every May. The festival is one of the most prestigious film festivals in the world and attracts some of the biggest names in the film industry. Visitors can enjoy film screenings, red carpet events, and parties throughout the festival.

Carnival of Venice

The Carnival of Venice is a cultural festival that takes place in the Italian city of Venice every year in February. The festival is known for its elaborate masks and costumes and dates back to the 12th century. Visitors can enjoy street performances, live music, and traditional Italian food and wine.

Berlin International Beer Festival

The Berlin International Beer Festival is an annual festival that takes place in Berlin, Germany, every August. The festival is a celebration of beer and attracts visitors from all over the world. Visitors can enjoy traditional German food and beer, live music, and a wide variety of beer-related events and activities.

The Carnival of Binche

The Carnival of Binche is an annual festival that takes place in the Belgian town of Binche. The festival is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its elaborate costumes and traditional Gilles masks. The festival also features parades, drumming, and dancing.

Sziget Festival

The Sziget Festival is a music festival that takes place on the island of Obuda in Budapest, Hungary, every August. The festival is known for its diverse lineup of music acts and attracts visitors from all over the world. Visitors can camp on-site and enjoy food, drinks, and activities throughout the festival.

Festa di San Giovanni

The Festa di San Giovanni is an annual festival that takes place in Florence, Italy, on June 24th. The festival is a celebration of the city’s patron saint, and features a parade, fireworks, and traditional Italian food and wine.

Bayreuth Festival

The Bayreuth Festival is an annual festival that takes place in Bayreuth, Germany, every summer. The festival is a celebration of the music of Richard Wagner and features performances of his operas. The festival attracts visitors from all over the world and has a unique atmosphere.

La Mercè

La Mercè is an annual festival that takes place in Barcelona, Spain, every September. The festival is a celebration of the city’s patron saint and features a wide variety of events, including street performances, live music, and fireworks.


Europe’s festival scene is diverse and vibrant, and there is something for everyone to enjoy. Whether you are interested in music, food, culture, or history, there is a festival in Europe that will appeal to you. From the Edinburgh Fringe Festival to the La Mercè in Barcelona, these top European festivals are must-see events that you can’t miss in 2023. So why not plan your next European adventure around one of these fantastic festivals and experience the best of European culture and tradition?

The Most Romantic Cities in Europe for Couples

Europe is known for its romantic charm, and there’s no shortage of beautiful cities to explore with your significant other. Whether you’re planning a honeymoon, celebrating an anniversary, or simply looking for a romantic getaway, there are countless destinations across Europe that offer a perfect blend of history, culture, and romance. Here are some of the most romantic cities in Europe that you can visit with your loved one.

1. Paris, France: It’s no surprise that Paris is often referred to as the “City of Love.” This stunning city is home to some of the world’s most iconic landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame, and the Louvre. Couples can stroll along the Seine River and enjoy the stunning view of the city while indulging in some of the best cuisine in the world.

2. Venice, Italy: Venice is a city of love that has captured the hearts of millions of couples over the years. Known for its romantic gondola rides through the canals and narrow streets, this charming Italian city is perfect for those who want to explore a city that’s built on water. You can also enjoy the beautiful architecture of the city, including the famous Piazza San Marco, and the Rialto Bridge.

3. Prague, Czech Republic: Prague is a city that is steeped in history and is perfect for couples who love to explore old-world charm. The city is famous for its stunning Gothic architecture and the Charles Bridge, which is a perfect spot for a romantic walk while enjoying the stunning views of the city. The city’s nightlife is also a great way to spend your evenings while enjoying the Czech beer and local cuisine.

4. Santorini, Greece: Santorini is a Greek island that is famous for its stunning sunsets, beautiful beaches, and picturesque white-washed houses. It’s one of the most popular honeymoon destinations in Europe, and for good reason. Couples can relax on the beautiful beaches while enjoying the stunning views of the Aegean Sea or explore the charming villages and the ancient ruins.

5. Vienna, Austria: Vienna is a city that is known for its art, music, and stunning architecture. Couples can explore the beautiful palaces, museums, and galleries while indulging in some of the best coffee and pastries in the world. The city’s parks are perfect for romantic picnics, and you can also enjoy a romantic horse-drawn carriage ride through the streets of Vienna.

6. Barcelona, Spain: Barcelona is a city that offers a perfect blend of culture, history, and romance. You can explore the stunning architecture of Antoni Gaudi, including the famous Sagrada Familia, and enjoy the stunning views of the city from the Park Guell. You can also indulge in some of the best seafood and local cuisine, and enjoy the city’s vibrant nightlife.

7. Bruges, Belgium: Bruges is a medieval city that is famous for its stunning canals, cobbled streets, and charming architecture. Couples can take a romantic boat ride through the canals while enjoying the stunning views of the city or explore the city’s stunning Gothic architecture. The city’s chocolate shops are also a great way to indulge in some sweet treats with your loved one.

8. Dubrovnik, Croatia: Dubrovnik is a city that is famous for its stunning architecture, beautiful beaches, and stunning views of the Adriatic Sea. Couples can explore the ancient walls of the city, indulge in some of the best seafood in the world, and enjoy the city’s vibrant nightlife. The city’s beaches are also a great way to relax and enjoy the stunning views of the sea.

9. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Amsterdam is a city that is famous for its stunning canals, charming architecture, and vibrant culture. Couples can explore the city’s stunning museums and galleries, indulge in some of the best cheese and wine, and take a romantic boat ride through the canals while enjoying the stunning views of the city. The city’s parks and gardens are also perfect for romantic walks and picnics.

10. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh is a city that is known for its stunning architecture, rich history, and stunning views. Couples can explore the city’s stunning castles and museums, take a romantic walk along the Royal Mile, and indulge in some of the best whiskey in the world. The city’s parks and gardens are also perfect for romantic walks and picnics.

In conclusion, Europe is home to some of the most romantic cities in the world, and these destinations offer a perfect blend of history, culture, and romance. From the charming canals of Venice to the stunning architecture of Prague and the beautiful beaches of Santorini, there’s no shortage of destinations to explore with your significant other. So, whether you’re planning a honeymoon, celebrating an anniversary, or simply looking for a romantic getaway, these cities are sure to leave a lasting impression on you and your loved one.

Historical Maps of Europe: Understanding Europe’s Past Through Maps

Maps have been an important tool for humans since the beginning of recorded history. They provide a visual representation of the world, helping us to understand the relationships between different places and how they have changed over time. For historians, maps can be an invaluable resource, providing insights into the political, cultural, and economic landscapes of the past. In this article, we will explore the history of Europe through the lens of historical maps, examining how they can help us better understand the continent’s complex and diverse past.

The earliest known maps of Europe date back to ancient Greece, where philosophers such as Anaximander and Hecataeus of Miletus created maps that were primarily symbolic rather than geographically accurate. These early maps were often based on mythology, with the location of mythical creatures and divine figures represented alongside real geographic features such as mountains and rivers. While these maps were not intended to provide accurate geographical information, they nevertheless played an important role in shaping the Greeks’ understanding of their world.

During the Middle Ages, maps became more geographically accurate as cartography developed as a discipline. Maps created during this period tended to be highly stylized and were often used for navigation rather than scholarly study. One of the most famous medieval maps of Europe is the Hereford Mappa Mundi, created in the late 13th century. This map is notable for its ornate decoration and for the way in which it reflects the medieval worldview, with Jerusalem depicted at the center of the map and Europe positioned at the top.

The Renaissance saw a renewed interest in cartography, as scholars sought to create more accurate maps based on empirical data. During this period, maps of Europe became increasingly detailed and accurate, with many of the most famous maps of the period created by the Dutch cartographer Gerardus Mercator. Mercator’s maps, which were first published in the mid-16th century, were notable for their use of the Mercator projection, which allowed for accurate navigation over long distances.

As Europe entered the modern era, maps continued to evolve and become more sophisticated. One of the most important developments during this period was the use of maps to explore and colonize new territories. European explorers such as Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama relied on maps to navigate the oceans and discover new lands. Maps were also used to divide up newly discovered territories, as European powers jostled for control of the New World and other parts of the globe.

During the 19th and 20th centuries, maps continued to play an important role in shaping Europe’s history. Perhaps the most significant development during this period was the emergence of the nation-state, which led to the creation of national boundaries and the reshaping of Europe’s political landscape. Many maps from this period reflect the tensions and conflicts that characterized European politics, including maps depicting the shifting borders of Europe during World War I and World War II.

One of the most famous maps of Europe from this period is the 1919 Treaty of Versailles map, which was created to help carve up Europe in the aftermath of World War I. This map reflected the geopolitical realities of the time, with new nations such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia created out of the ashes of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The treaty and its accompanying maps would have far-reaching consequences, helping to set the stage for World War II and the reshaping of Europe’s political landscape.

In recent decades, digital mapping technology has revolutionized the way we think about maps and their potential uses. Today, historians and scholars have access to a wealth of digital mapping resources, including high-resolution satellite imagery and interactive maps that allow for detailed analysis of geographic data. These tools have made it possible to create highly detailed maps of Europe’s past, providing new insights into how the continent has changed over time.

One area where digital mapping technology has been particularly useful is in the study of urbanization. Maps of European cities from different historical periods provide valuable information about how cities have grown and changed over time. For example, maps of London from the 17th century show how the city expanded rapidly in the wake of the Great Fire of 1666, while maps of Paris from the 19th century provide insights into the city’s transformation under the direction of Baron Haussmann.

Another area where historical maps can provide valuable insights is in the study of migration and population movements. By analyzing maps of Europe over time, historians can gain a better understanding of how people have moved around the continent and how this has affected its cultural and political landscape. For example, maps of the Jewish diaspora in Europe can provide insights into the history of Jewish communities on the continent, while maps of migration patterns during the industrial revolution can shed light on the growth of urban centers and the development of new industries.

Finally, historical maps can be valuable tools for understanding the changing geopolitical landscape of Europe over time. Maps of Europe from different periods can provide insights into how different countries and empires interacted with one another, and how this affected the balance of power on the continent. For example, maps of Europe during the Cold War provide a stark illustration of the division between Eastern and Western Europe, while maps of Europe in the aftermath of the fall of the Berlin Wall show how the continent began to come back together.

In conclusion, historical maps of Europe provide valuable insights into the continent’s complex and diverse past. By analyzing maps from different historical periods, historians and scholars can gain a better understanding of how Europe has changed over time and how this has affected its political, cultural, and economic landscape. From ancient maps based on mythology to modern digital maps, the history of Europe can be traced through the evolution of cartography. Whether exploring migration patterns, urbanization, or geopolitical shifts, historical maps are an essential tool for understanding Europe’s past and present.

Tips for Traveling Solo in Europe

Traveling solo can be one of the most liberating experiences you can have, and Europe is a great destination for solo travel. With so much to see and do, it’s no wonder that Europe is such a popular destination for travelers of all kinds. But, as with any trip, traveling solo can be daunting. To help you make the most of your solo trip to Europe, we’ve compiled a list of tips that will make your trip more enjoyable, safe, and unforgettable.

  1. Plan ahead and do your research

When traveling solo, it’s important to plan ahead and do your research. This means researching the destinations you want to visit, booking your accommodations in advance, and planning your itinerary. Make sure to read up on the culture and customs of the countries you plan to visit, as this will help you to blend in and avoid any cultural faux pas.

  1. Pack light

When traveling solo, it’s important to pack light. Not only will this make it easier to move around, but it will also help you to avoid any additional baggage fees. Remember that you will be responsible for carrying all of your luggage, so only pack what you absolutely need.

  1. Stay in hostels or budget hotels

Staying in hostels or budget hotels is a great way to save money when traveling solo in Europe. Not only are these types of accommodations cheaper than hotels, but they also offer the opportunity to meet other travelers. Hostels in particular are known for their social atmosphere, and many offer organized activities and tours.

  1. Learn some basic phrases

While English is widely spoken in many parts of Europe, it’s always a good idea to learn some basic phrases in the local language. This will not only make it easier for you to communicate with locals, but it will also show that you respect and appreciate their culture.

  1. Stay connected

Staying connected when traveling solo is important for both safety and convenience. Make sure to bring a phone that works in Europe, and consider getting a local SIM card for cheaper rates. You may also want to consider purchasing a portable Wi-Fi device, as many hostels and budget hotels may not offer free Wi-Fi.

  1. Stay safe

When traveling solo, it’s important to stay safe. This means being aware of your surroundings, avoiding risky behavior, and keeping your valuables close to you. Make sure to carry a copy of your passport and other important documents with you, and never leave your belongings unattended.

  1. Embrace the local culture

One of the best things about traveling solo in Europe is the opportunity to embrace the local culture. Whether it’s trying new foods, attending local festivals, or learning about the history of the destination, immersing yourself in the local culture can make your trip more memorable and rewarding.

  1. Be flexible

Traveling solo means that you have the freedom to do what you want, when you want. However, it’s also important to be flexible. Plans can change, and sometimes things don’t go as planned. Being flexible and open to new experiences can make your trip more enjoyable and less stressful.

  1. Take advantage of public transportation

Public transportation is a great way to get around when traveling solo in Europe. It’s generally safe, reliable, and affordable. Consider purchasing a multi-day or multi-destination pass, as this can save you money in the long run.

  1. Don’t be afraid to ask for help

Finally, don’t be afraid to ask for help. Whether it’s asking for directions, recommendations for restaurants or activities, or help with a language barrier, locals are often more than happy to assist solo travelers. Just remember to be polite and respectful, and don’t be afraid to step out of your comfort zone.

In conclusion, traveling solo in Europe can be an incredibly rewarding

The Best European Cities for Foodies

Europe is known for its diverse and flavorful cuisine, and foodies from around the world flock to the continent to sample its delicious dishes. Whether you’re a fan of Italian pasta, French pastries, or Spanish tapas, Europe has something to offer every type of food lover. In this article, we’ll highlight some of the best European cities for foodies and the must-try dishes in each destination.

  1. Paris, France

Paris is often regarded as the culinary capital of the world, and for good reason. The city is home to countless Michelin-starred restaurants, charming bistros, and cozy cafes, each serving up their own unique flavors. Must-try dishes in Paris include escargots de Bourgogne (snails in garlic butter), coq au vin (chicken cooked in red wine), and of course, freshly baked croissants and baguettes.

  1. Bologna, Italy

Bologna is a food lover’s paradise, known for its rich pasta dishes, cured meats, and flavorful cheeses. The city is home to some of Italy’s most beloved foods, including ragù alla bolognese (a meat-based sauce served with tagliatelle pasta), mortadella (a type of cured sausage), and parmigiano reggiano cheese. Be sure to also sample some of Bologna’s famous gelato, made with locally sourced ingredients.

  1. Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona is a vibrant and colorful city, with a food scene to match. The city is famous for its tapas, small dishes that are perfect for sharing and trying a variety of flavors. Must-try dishes in Barcelona include patatas bravas (potatoes with spicy sauce), tortilla española (a potato omelet), and paella (a rice dish with seafood or meat). Be sure to also sample some of the city’s refreshing sangria, made with red wine, fruit, and spices.

  1. Brussels, Belgium

Belgium may be small, but it’s a big player in the food world, thanks to its delicious chocolate, waffles, and beer. Brussels, in particular, is known for its traditional dishes, including moules frites (mussels and fries), carbonnade flamande (a beef stew made with beer), and of course, Belgian chocolate. Be sure to also try some of Brussels’ famous waffles, which come in both sweet and savory varieties.

  1. Lisbon, Portugal

Lisbon may not be as famous as some of Europe’s other foodie destinations, but it’s quickly gaining a reputation as a must-visit culinary hotspot. The city is known for its fresh seafood, particularly bacalhau (salted cod), which is a staple in Portuguese cuisine. Other must-try dishes in Lisbon include pastéis de nata (custard tarts), cozido (a hearty stew made with meat and vegetables), and arroz de marisco (seafood rice).

These are just a few of the many European cities that offer delicious cuisine and memorable culinary experiences. Whether you’re a fan of classic French dishes, hearty Italian pasta, or spicy Spanish tapas, there’s a European destination that will satisfy your cravings. So grab your fork and knife and get ready to taste your way through some of the best foodie cities in the world!

A Guide To Some Of The Best Destinations To Visit In Europe

Europe is one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, attracting millions of tourists every year. With its rich history, diverse cultures, and stunning landscapes, it’s no wonder that people from all over the globe come to explore this beautiful continent. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at some of the best destinations to visit in Europe and provide some helpful tips for traveling on a budget.

One of the most popular cities to visit in Europe is Paris, the capital of France. Known as the City of Love, Paris is famous for its romantic architecture, world-class museums, and chic fashion scene. Must-see attractions in Paris include the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, and the Palace of Versailles. Visitors can also enjoy delicious French cuisine at one of the city’s many bistros and cafes.

Another popular destination in Europe is Rome, the capital of Italy. Known as the Eternal City, Rome is home to some of the world’s most famous ancient landmarks, including the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. Visitors can also enjoy world-class Italian cuisine and explore the city’s charming cobblestone streets and historic neighborhoods.

For those interested in history and culture, a trip to Athens, Greece is a must. The birthplace of Western civilization, Athens is home to the Acropolis Athens greeceAcropolis, an ancient citadel perched atop a hill overlooking the city. Visitors can also explore the National Archaeological Museum and the Agora, a marketplace that was the heart of ancient Athens.

For nature lovers, the Swiss Alps offer breathtaking scenery and outdoor adventures. Visitors can ski or snowboard in the winter months, or hike and bike in the summer. The Jungfrau region, located in the heart of the Swiss Alps, is a popular destination for its stunning views and charming mountain villages.

Swiss Alps

While Europe is known for its luxury travel experiences, it’s also possible to travel on a budget. One way to save money is by booking accommodations through sites like Airbnb, which offer affordable alternatives to traditional hotels. Another way to save money is by eating at local markets and street vendors, rather than expensive restaurants.

Traveling by train is also a cost-effective way to get around Europe. The Eurail Pass offers unlimited travel on trains in up to 31 European countries, making it easy to explore multiple destinations without breaking the bank. Visitors can also take advantage of budget airlines like Ryanair and EasyJet, which offer low-cost flights between major cities in Europe.

Eurail train

In conclusion, Europe is a wonderful travel destination with something for everyone. From the bustling cities of Paris and Rome to the natural beauty of the Swiss Alps, there are countless places to explore and experiences to be had. With a bit of planning and budgeting, it’s possible to enjoy all that Europe has to offer without breaking the bank.

Rail Europe Map 2023

Eurail Map 2023

We have updated this map for the year 2023.

Here we have an updated map of all the intercontinental railway lines of Europe. 2023 is fast approaching and rail network will not be changing next year so we though we would put this up for those trying to play their European holiday in 2019.

There are a number of ways of getting cheap travel through out Europe and a Eurail pass in one of those. It will get you anywhere in Europe for a one off fee, depending on how long you are travelling for.

Although air fares can be cheap these day, you miss so much when flying. The train lets you experience Europe in a different and more involving way. You travel in the luxury you can afford and even meet people along the way.

Travelling by train around Europe can be a destination in itself, something you can’t say about plane flights.

Live Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak World Map

The Coronavirus is speading faster than the WHO expected. There are new cases popping up everyday and more people are dying as a result. Even countries like Australia that should have been considered relatively safe due to being in the summer season are getting more cases daily. The travel industry has gone into melt down, with a number of airlines being pushed to the wall. Experts believe that COVID-19 will have the same economic affect as the Global Financial Crisis on certain industries. Hold onto your seats people we are in for a bumpy ride.

Coronavirus Outbreak

As of (18th of February 2020) the Coronavirus has infected 73,259 individuals and killed 1,868. The vast majority being from China and of those Chinese most are from Hubei province. As the The humanitarian costs of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak continue to rise we will be updating the above map of the World showing all the regions infected. We will also be real time updating the table below as more data comes in on infections and casualties.

Before updating the above map and the table below we confirm numbers with  China CDC (CCDC), Hong Kong Department of Health, Macau Government, Taiwan CDC, European CDC (ECDC), the World Health Organization (WHO) and USCDC. We also consult the relevant authorities in Australia (Australia Government Department of Health), and Canada.

The JHU is also doing an outstanding job in tracking COVID-19 around the world. They have a very up to date data in a github repository here which we may switch to if the workload gets to high.

Below we have updated the figures as of March 24th 2020. Italy has taken over China for number of fatalities and Spain is catching up quickly.


Table of Coronavirus Cases around the World


Covid-19 Cases
United States of America 3902058 142066
Brazil 2159654 81487
India 1164183 28732
Russia 783328 12580
South Africa 381798 5368
Peru 362087 13579
Mexico 356255 40400
Chile 334683 8677
United Kingdom 295817 45422
Iran 278827 14634
Pakistan 267428 5677
Spain 266194 28424
Saudi Arabia 255825 2557
Italy 244752 35073
Turkey 221500 5526
Colombia 211038 7166
Bangladesh 210510 2709
Germany 202799 9095
France 177338 30165
Argentina 130761 2373
Canada 111684 8862
Qatar 107430 160
Iraq 97159 3950
Indonesia 89869 4320
Egypt 89078 4399
China 85771 4648
Sweden 78166 5646
Kazakhstan 75153 585
Ecuador 74620 5366
Philippines 70764 1837
Oman 69887 337
Belarus 66348 507
Belgium 64258 9805
Bolivia 62357 2273
Kuwait 60434 412
Ukraine 60166 1518
United Arab Emirates 57498 341
Panama 55153 1159
Dominican Republic 54797 999
Israel 54042 425
Netherlands 52073 6136
Portugal 48898 1697
Singapore 48434 27
Poland 40782 1636
Guatemala 40229 1531
Romania 39133 2074
Nigeria 37801 805
Bahrain 37316 129
Afghanistan 35727 1190
Armenia 35693 678
Honduras 35345 988
Switzerland 33655 1690
Kyrgyzstan 29359 1123
Ghana 28989 153
Azerbaijan 28242 376
Japan 26303 989
Ireland 25802 1753
Algeria 24278 1100
Serbia 21605 491
Moldova 21442 707
Austria 19679 710
Uzbekistan 18171 96
Nepal 17944 40
Morocco 17742 280
Cameroon 16157 373
Cote dIvoire 14531 93
Czechia 14324 360
Kenya 14168 250
South Korea 13879 297
Denmark 13302 611
Puerto Rico 12940 180
Venezuela 12774 120
El Salvador 12582 363
Australia 12428 126
Costa Rica 11811 68
Sudan 11127 706
Palestine 10923 67
Ethiopia 10511 173
North Macedonia 9412 432
Bulgaria 9254 313
Norway 9038 255
Senegal 8985 174
Malaysia 8815 123
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8786 261
Democratic Republic of the Congo 8533 195
Madagascar 7548 65
Finland 7351 328
Haiti 7146 154
Tajikistan 6967 57
Guinea 6652 41
Gabon 6433 46
Mauritania 5923 155
Kosovo 5877 139
Luxembourg 5725 111
Djibouti 5027 56
Central African Republic 4561 55
Croatia 4422 122
Hungary 4366 596
Albania 4290 117
Greece 4048 197
Paraguay 3817 35
Nicaragua 3439 108
Zambia 3326 120
Thailand 3261 58
Malawi 3149 71
Somalia 3135 93
Equatorial Guinea 3071 51
Maldives 3044 15
Lebanon 2980 41
Congo 2851 50
Sri Lanka 2730 11
Mali 2477 122
Cuba 2449 87
South Sudan 2211 45
Cape Verde 2107 21
Libya 2088 50
Estonia 2022 69
Slovakia 2021 28
Slovenia 1977 111
Guinea Bissau 1954 26
Lithuania 1949 80
Montenegro 1920 35
Eswatini 1894 24
Iceland 1839 10
Zimbabwe 1820 26
Sierra Leone 1727 66
Rwanda 1655 5
Yemen 1629 456
Benin 1602 31
Mozambique 1536 11
Tunisia 1389 50
Namibia 1366 7
New Zealand 1205 22
Latvia 1193 31
Suriname 1131 21
Niger 1113 69
Jordan 1113 11
Liberia 1108 70
Uruguay 1096 33
Uganda 1072 0
Burkina Faso 1065 53
Georgia 1049 16
Cyprus 1040 19
Chad 889 75
Andorra 884 52
Jamaica 809 10
Togo 790 15
Western Sahara 766 1
Angola 749 29
Sao Tome and Principe 746 14
San Marino 716 42
Cases on an international conveyance Japan
696 7
Malta 677 9
Syria 540 31
Botswana 522 1
United Republic of Tanzania 509 21
Taiwan 455 7
Vietnam 401 0
Lesotho 359 6
Mauritius 343 10
Myanmar 341 6
Guyana 339 19
Comoros 337 7
Isle of Man 336 24
Jersey 331 31
Guam 330 5
Burundi 328 1
United States Virgin Islands 320 7
Mongolia 287 0
Guernsey 252 13
Eritrea 251 0
Cayman Islands 203 1
Cambodia 197 0
Bahamas 194 11
Faroe Islands 191 0
Gibraltar 180 0
Bermuda 153 9
Brunei Darussalam 141 3
Trinidad and Tobago 139 8
Aruba 117 3
Seychelles 114 0
Gambia 112 4
Monaco 111 5
Barbados 106 7
Bhutan 92 0
Liechtenstein 87 1
Turks and Caicos islands 82 2
Sint Maarten 79 15
Antigua and Barbuda 76 3
French Polynesia 62 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 50 0
Belize 43 2
Northern Mariana Islands 38 2
Curaçao 28 1
Fiji 27 0
Papua New Guinea 27 0
Timor Leste 24 0
Grenada 23 0
Saint Lucia 23 0
New Caledonia 22 0
Laos 19 0
Dominica 18 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 17 0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 13 0
Greenland 13 0
Montserrat 12 1
Holy See 12 0
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba 10 0
British Virgin Islands 8 1
Anguilla 3 0


Istanbul once known as Constantinople

IstanbulPeople always wonder about the thing that makes Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey one of the world’s famous cities in Europe. Perhaps it is important that such people travel to Istanbul so that they can experience, first-hand, the various cultural centers and other tourist attractions that exist there. You may not be able to understand why this city is also known as the alpha world city unless you make a personal date with it too. This Turkish city, as it is currently known spans a rich history which has been handed down from one generation to the next. It was initially the capital city of the Roma Empire, then Eastern roman (Byzantine) Empire, then the Latin Empire and finally the Ottoman Empire. During each of these empires, they left significant landmarks that shaped the history, culture, politics and economy of Istanbul.

In addition, the fact that Istanbul earned another status in 2010 as a joint European Capital of Culture and the European Capital of Sports in 2012 is an indication of the high esteem that Istanbul enjoys among European cities. When Istanbul’s historic sites entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List, it brought this city to an international stature and therefore it is worth spending your holidays there. When you travel to Istanbul, you will not miss to see older buildings and the historic peninsula which is built on seven hills and surrounded by 22 kilometers of city walls. Tokapi Palace is located on the largest of the seven hills.

People who choose to explore Istanbul and its rich tourist attractions are impressed with its warm summer Mediterranean climate although these climatic conditions are not uniformly distributed throughout Istanbul. There are some parts of the city (northern parts) which have an oceanic climate. If you are the kind of person that is averse to rain during summer, then Istanbul is the most ideal place for your holidays. A number of people might prefer winters probably because they would like to do research or participate in sports. Istanbul could be the most suitable place because it is not only cold and wet during winter but it is also snowy. The good news is that snow cover melts away after a few days and therefore you need not worry if you were only planning to have this new experience for a day or two.

Though autumn and spring seasons are also good because they are mild, you may have to consider twice before deciding to travel there.  It can be wet or severely chilly. Temperatures also tend to be unpredictable. However, climate should not worry you as there are many things that will consume the cold. For instance, the Ottoman and Byzantine architecture will tell the whole story about the different rules by various empires. When you get there, you will be in a position to experience the Roman, Greek and the Genoese forms of architecture which have been able to stand the test of time. Tour farther and you will come across:

  • Mosques (the Hagia Sophia and imperial mosques)
  • Churches such as the Church of the Saints Sergius and Bacchus, the Stoudios Monastery etc.
  • Synagogues
  • The Maiden’s (Leander’s) Tower
  • The Valens Aqueduct
  • The Walls of Constantinople
  • The Column of Constantine

Whenever people want to explore or tour a given city, they always ask themselves about the city’s utilities. It is important to note that the government has ensured all people are provided with clean water which is filtered and chlorinated. Most importantly, Istanbul has a well established sewerage disposal system in addition to its water supply system. Are you wondering whether you will be able to watch television or use your laptop? You need not blow off your head with worry because the city has a reliable electricity supply.

Your holidays can be hectic if a given tourist destination has not developed its transportation systems. It is imperative to point out that Istanbul has two international airports: Ataturk International Airport and Sabiha Gokcen International Airport which will ensure that you are shipped to and from Istanbul. In case you prefer sea transport, you could use commuter ferries so that you can have a rare experience of the panoramic views of the sea and surrounding sites. Alternatively, you could consider using the high speed catamaran seabus which connects between the Princes Islands and the city.  Due to its well developed motorways and express highways, a visitor or tourist is able to travel easily without fear of being stuck in the traffic jam indefinitely. There are still many other means of transport that you can use in order to have a feel of Istanbul’s culture, museums and other recreation sites.  It is advisable to select a means of transport that will easily and cost effectively take you where you want to go.


Click on the map of Prague above to enlarge. 

Prague the cosmopolitan treasure

PragueWhat makes Prague, which is the largest and capital city of the Czech Republic, different from other cities? Is it worth spending your holidays in or is it just an ordinary city with nothing for its visitors to experience? Although the city is popular for its temperate oceanic climate with warm summers, its chilly winters cannot be ignored. Most visitors are expected to exercise their discretion as they make their tour of the city during chilly winters or warm summers. It is impossible to dictate when all people should visit Prague. This is a city that has been in existence since the Gothic through the Renaissance and was at some point the capital of the Holy Roman Empire before the World War I.

Despite the fact that Prague has variously been a victim of war in the 20th century Europe, it never lost its cultural attractions which have arrested the attention of locals and foreigners. Each year people from all over the world come to explore some of its main attractions such as the Charles Bridge, the Jewish Quarter, the Prague Castle, Old Town Square, Petrin Hill and the Lennon Wall. If you have only read or heard about these exceptional attractions, it is high time you planned a tour for your forthcoming holidays. UNESCO does not include a historic centre such as Prague in its list for no apparent reason. Prague has all it takes to make a World Heritage Site; this is a status it earned in 1992 till today.

It is very hard to find a city that has at least ten museums in its custody. Besides, Prague has managed to keep its galleries, theatres, cinemas and other historical exhibits in a near pristine condition. Many scholars have commented that Prague is one of the few cities that value future generations and other visitors who would love to come to Prague and experience not only a change in climate but also a change in the attractions that the visitor is used to seeing in other countries. Since Prague has a rich history, it is increasingly becoming one of the most popular tourist attractions. It is estimated that Prague receives at least 4 million international visitors annually.

Did you learn in your history class that the Prague Astronomical Clock whose installation took place in 1910 is the 3rd oldest astronomical clock in the world? When you tour Prague you will be able to see it still standing tall and strong. Can you imagine that this very astronomical clock is the only one still in its proper working condition? It is reported that students, scholars, journalists and scientists travel miles and miles just to study or see this amazing clock. It is a clear testament of the ingenuity and foresight that forefathers of science were capable of despite the limited resources that they had access to.

Other most popular sites that you can explore include:

  • Bridges over the Vltara River
  • Milunic and Gehry’s Dnacing House
  • Franz Kafka monument in the Dusni Street
  • Prague castle storing the Czech Crown Jewels
  • Gothic Old New Synagogue
  • Wenceslas Square
  • The infant Jesus of Prague
  • The Old Jewish Cemetery
  • The Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague
  • The Prague Zoo
  • The Museum of the Heydrich Assassination

With these and many other tourist attraction sites, Prague still holds a prominent position among the most popular tourist destinations in Europe and the world. In Europe, it is hailed as the 6th most visited city after European cities such as Paris, London, Berlin, Madrid and Rome. It has been able to enjoy this position and reputation because it was not a serious causality of the World War II as compared to its counterparts in the region. Additionally, its architectural collections are still intact as they are varied too.

Studies indicate that some visitors come specifically to experience the fine sunny days and cool nights of summers. They do not mind the heavy rains that are characteristic of Prague’s summers. On the other hand, there are those who come to enjoy the cultural diversity of Prague since this city is among Europe’s top cultural centres.  Some of Prague’s most popular cultural institutions include:

  • The Estates Theatre, which is remembered for providing venue to the premiere of Mozart’s La clemenza di Tito and Don Giovanni.
  • The National Theatre (Narodni Divadlo)
  • Rudolfinum and the Municipal House, popular for Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and Prague Symphony Orchestra respectively.

People that have had a chance to explore or tour Prague can not stop talking about the city’s numerous galleries, concert halls, music clubs as well as cinemas.  In fact, it has now become a popular weekend destination as a result of the recent introduction of Europe’s low-cost airlines. They simply cannot afford to stay away from Prague’s cuisine and beer as they travel to their favourite cultural sites or museums.

Eurail Map

Eurail Map

Eurail Map or also known as Euro Rail Map

Here we have a huge Eurail Map of train lines that cross Europe. We have a list of the destinations and an indication of the path that the trains take. We have kept the map large so you can make out the names of the towns/destinations. If you are using a mobile phone to view it, you may have to scroll around to find the particular train station or train route you are interested in.

The best way to use this train network is to get yourself a Eurail Pass. Eurail passes are eaily the cheapest way to travel the European train network, especially if you plan on making many trips during your holiday. Go here if you want a simpler rail map of Europe.

Map of How to Say Yes in the Countries of Europe

map of how to say yes in Europe

The image above shows how to say hello in all the countries of Europe using the most common languages in each country. However below we have put together a list of all the different dialects of European languages we could find. There are some discrepancies. There are a few Russian dialects that are actually outisde of Europe. An example is Tartar. While technically an Asian dialect we have come from a position that if a country (ie Russia) is in at least partly in Europe, then we list all of it’s internal dialects and languages.

·         Albanian (Albania, Yugoslavia) ·         Po
·         Alsacian (Alsace France) ·         Ja
·         Altai (Russia) ·         Eye
·         Anglo-Saxon (England) ·         Gese
·         Anglo-Saxon (England) ·         Gise
·         Arberesh (Hora e Arbereshevet Italy) ·         O
·         Arberesh (Sicily Italy) ·         Arra
·         Armenian [Eastern] (Armenia) ·         Ha
·         Aromunian (Greece, Balkans) ·         E
·         Asturian (Spain) ·         Si
·         Bashkir (Russia) ·         Eye
·         Basque (France, Spain) ·         Bai
·         Belorussian (Belarus) ·         Tak
·         Bosnian (Bosnia and Hercegovina) ·         Da
·         Bosnian (Bosnia and Hercegovina) ·         Aha
·         Breton (Brittany France) ·         Ya
·         Breton (Brittany France) ·         Eo
·         Brigidian (western Ireland) ·         Quai
·         Bulgarian (Bulgaria) ·         Da
·         Catalan (France, Spain, Andorra) ·         Sí
·         Chukchee (Russia) ·         I
·         Chuvash (Russia) ·         Chapla
·         Cornish [Kemmyn] (Great Britain) ·         Usi
·         Cornish [modern] (Great Britain) ·         Eah
·         Cornish [unified] (Great Britain) ·         Usy
·         Cornish (Great Britain) ·         Ya
·         Corsican (Corsica) ·         Si
·         Corsican (Corsica) ·         Iè
·         Croatian (Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina) ·         Da
·         Czech (Czech Republic) ·         Ano
·         Czech (Czech Republic) [informal] ·         Jo
·         Danish (Denmark, Greenland) ·         Ja
·         Danish (Denmark) [to negative questions] ·         Jo
·         Dutch (Netherlands, America, Asia) ·         Ja
·         English [old English] (old Britain) ·         Giese
·         English [old English] (old Britain) ·         Gea
·         English [old English] (old Britain) ·         Yea
·         Erzya (Russia) ·         Nama
·         Estonian (Estonia) ·         Jaa
·         Estonian (Estonia) ·         Jah
·         Estonian (Eastern Kodavere Estonia) ·         Jahki
·         Estonian (Prangli Estonia) ·         Neh
·         Estonian [Old Estonian: archaic] (Estonia) ·         Neh
·         Finnish (Finland) ·         Kyllä
·         Finnish (Finland) [informal] ·         Jep
·         French (France) [to negative questions] ·         Si
·         Frisian (Netherlands) ·         Ja
·         Friulian (Italy) ·         Sì
·         Gagauz (Moldova) ·         Yola
·         Galician (Spain) ·         Si
·         Gallo (Britany Northern France) ·         Yen
·         Gallo (Britany Northern France) ·         Yan
·         Gascon (France) ·         Oc
·         German (Central Europe) ·         Ja
·         German (Cent.Eur.) [to negative questions] ·         Doch
·         German (Bavaria Germany) ·         Jå
·         German [Thuringian] (Thuringia Germany) ·         Na
·         German [Swabian] (Germany) ·         Jå
·         Greek [Hellenic] (Greece, Cyprus) ·         Ne
·         Greek [old] (former Greek Empire) ·         Né
·         Griko (Salento Italy) ·         U’mme
·         Hungarian [Magyar] (Hungary) ·         Igen
·         Icelandic (Iceland) ·         Já
·         Ingush (Russia) ·         Hwa’a
·         Inuttut [Greenlandic] (Greenland) ·         Aap
·         Irish (Ireland) [it is] ·         Isea
·         Italian (Central Europe, E Africa) ·         Sì
·         Kalmyk (Russia) ·         E
·         Karelian (Finland, Russia) ·         Da
·         Karelian (Finland, Russia) ·         Kyllä
·         Khakas (Siberia Russia) ·         Ya
·         Komi-Permyak (Russia) ·         No
·         Komi-Permyak (Russia) ·         Nu
·         Komi-Zyryan (Russia) ·         Da
·         Koryak (Russia) ·         O
·         Ladin (Italy) ·         Sci
·         Langue d’oïl [old] (France) ·         Oïl
·         Latin (ancient Rome, Vatican) ·         Ita
·         Latin (ancient Rome, Vatican) ·         Itavero
·         Latin (ancient Rome, Vatican) [true] ·         Certe
·         Latin (ancient Rome, Vatican) [right] ·         Recte
·         Latvian (Latvia) ·         Ja
·         Lithuanian (Lithuania) ·         Taip
·         Lithuanian (Lithuania) [very informal] ·         Aha
·         Lithuanian (Lithuania) [very informal] ·         Mhm
·         Livonian (Latvia, Estonia) ·         Nä
·         Low Saxon (Eastern Friesland) ·         Ja
·         Low Saxon [Northern] (Lowlands Germany) ·         Jaa
·         Low Saxon [Northern] (Fehrs Guild ·         Germany)Ja
·         Low Saxon [Westphalian] (Germany) ·         Jau
·         Ludian (Russia) ·         Muga
·         Luxemburgish (Luxemburg) ·         Jo
·         Macedonian (Macedonia) ·         Da
·         Mae [Emwae] (New Hebrides Island) ·         Ido
·         Mae [Emwae] (New Hebrides Island) ·         Io
·         Maltese (Malta) ·         Iva
·         Manx (Britain) [yes indeed] ·         Abbyreh
·         Manx (Britain) [yes indeed] ·         Gynourys
·         Manx (Britain) [yes indeed] ·         Shedyjarroo
·         Manx (Britain) ·         Seadh
·         Mari [Hill Mari] (Russia) ·         Manye
·         Mari [Meadow Mari] (Russia) ·         Anye
·         Mari [Meadow Mari] (Russia) ·         Iye
·         Mari [Meadow Mari] (Russia) ·         Tuge
·         Middle English (old England) ·         Yis
·         Middle English (old England) ·         Yus
·         Monegasque (Monaco) ·         Sci
·         Nenets (Russia) ·         Nyeya
·         Nganasan (Russia) ·         Yy
·         Nganasan (Russia) ·         Tê
·         Norwegian [Nynorsk, Bokmaal] (Norway) ·         Ja
·         Norwegian [Sortlandsk] (Sortland Norway) ·         Jo
·         Palatinian (Southwestern Germany) ·         Jo
·         Piedmontese (Piemonte Italy) ·         Eoj
·         Plattdeutsch (Germany) ·         Jo
·         Polish (Poland) ·         Tak
·         Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil) ·         Sim
·         Provencal [Occitan] (France) ·         Òc
·         Provencal [Occitan] (France) ·         Oí
·         Prussian [old] (Prussia) ·         Ja
·         Romani [Vlax] [Gypsy] (Europe) ·         Va
·         Romani [Sofia Erli] (Bulgaria) ·         Va
·         Romani [Romany] [Gypsy] (Europe) ·         Hai
·         Romanian (Romania) ·         Da
·         Romansch (Switzerland) ·         Gea
·         Russian (Russia) ·         Da
·         Russian (Russia) [informal] ·         Aga
·         Russian (Russia) [slang] ·         Nu
·         Saami [Davvi Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Joo
·         Saami [Davvi Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Lea
·         Saami [Davvi Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Delea
·         Saami [Inari Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Gal
·         Saami [Inari Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Kal
·         Saami [Skolt Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Naa
·         Saami [Skolt Saami] (Scandinavia) ·         Kaéll
·         Sardinian (Italy) ·         Eja
·         Sarnami (Suriname, Holland) ·         Hañ
·         Savonian (Ylä-Savo Finland) ·         Jotokkiisa
·         Scots (Scotland) ·         Aye
·         Scots [Ulster Scots] (Northern Ireland) ·         Ay
·         Scottish Gaelic (Scotland) ·         Gudearbh
·         Scottish Gaelic (Scotland) ·         Aidh
·         Serbian (Bosnia, Yugoslavia) ·         Da
·         Setu (Southern Estonia) ·         Jah
·         Shor (Russia) ·         Eze
·         Sicilian (Sicily Italy) ·         Si
·         Slovak (Slovakia) ·         Áno
·         Slovenian (Slovenia) ·         Da
·         Slovenian (Slovenia) ·         Ja
·         Sorbian (eastern Germany) ·         Haj
·         Sudovian [Jatvingian] (Baltic region) ·         Jâ
·         Sursilvan (Switzerland) ·         Gie
·         Svan (Georgia) ·         Aadw
·         Swabian (Central Europe) ·         Jå
·         Swedish (Sweden, Finland) ·         Ja
·         Swedish (Sweden) [to negative questions] ·         Jo
·         Tatar (Russia) ·         Aye
·         Turkish (Turkey, Northern Cyprus) ·         Evet
·         Tuvan (Russia) ·         Iye
·         Udmurt (Russia) ·         Ben
·         Udmurt (Russia) ·         Bon
·         Udmurt (Russia) ·         O-o
·         Udmurt (Russia) ·         Y-y
·         Ukrainian (Ukraine) ·         Tak
·         Valencian (Spain) ·         Si
·         Veps (Russia) ·         Ka
·         Võru (Võrumaa Estonia) ·         Jah
·         Võru (Võrumaa Estonia) ·         Ja
·         Votic (Russia) ·         Da
·         Votic (Russia) ·         Jaa
·         Welsh (Wales) ·         Ie
·         Welsh (Wales) ·         Oes
·         Welsh (Wales) [past tense] ·         Do
·         Yiddish (Europe) ·         Ye
·         Yiddish (Europe) ·         Yo


Map of Train ride from London to Singapore

map of train ride from London to Singapore

Can you really get all the way from London to Singapore by train? Not really. There are parts of the route that you will have to take a bus. The parts small and can be ignored and if you look at the map, it is parts of South East Asia that ruin the dream. Even obstacles like the English Channel no longer require you to get off the train, so it is kind of a shame that you can’t take the whole route on train.

Should this deter you from trying it? Hell no! This is one of those once in a lifetime experiences, that should be ticked off the bucket list. Even if you are only make it to Beijing, the trip is a definite must. Although you do have to ask yourself if I am going to make it all the way from one end of Europe to far end of Asia by train, why not go all the way to Singapore and be done with it?

Travelling by train is on of life’s most under-appreciated experiences. We live in a world of 16 hours by jet to any part of the planet and a world that is increasingly about instant gratification. A train journey that spans continents, gives you a chance to relax the mind and the body while appreciating some of the most dramatic landscapes on the planet. It truly is a beautiful and life affirming experience.

Beer Map of Europe – how to say beer in all the countries of Europe


Beer map of Europe


When travelling through Europe there is one word that everyone should know. That word is beer. Beer originated in Europe and is part of the culture of most of the countries on the continent. Every region will usually have it’s own distinct type of beer. From the dark, chocolaty stouts on the Western Isles to the fruity pilseners of the Eastern Germanic tribes. Even the countries more famous for their wines, like France and Italy probably had some form of meed styled beverage first. The Italian beer Peroni has even gone on to conquer the world’s palate.


While beer might not be to everyone’s taste. If you are a beer drinker? and are going to Europe one thing, we at recommend is trying a local beer from every country you visit. you won’t be disappointed.



Brussels the capital of BelgiumIt is only fair that you take some time off after a busy season at work to re-energize and relax. This could be in the form of a much needed vacation where you get to spend your holidays away from home. This is could be at a tourist destination within your country or even away from your home country that would involve some travel. There are quite a number of cities around the globe that are known for their rich cultural and historical heritage hence are leading tourist destinations. One of these destinations is Brussels which is also the capital of Belgium. Generally Belgium is categorized among the leading tourist destinations in Europe that promises an out of this world experience as you get to explore the various attractions and engage in different relaxing and rewarding activities. Belgium boasts of dynamic cities like Antwerp as well as medieval architecture. Among the interesting places that tourists like to visit while in Belgium is the Royal Museum of Fine Arts that is endowed with a huge collection of painting dating back to the 14th century. Also notable is the famous Waterloo that saw the defeat of Napoleon by the then Duke of Wellington. This is one of the reasons that tourists come to explore Belgium.

Brussels offers diverse architecture that spans from the medieval age, with the main attraction being the Grand place, a UNESCO world heritage site and the Royal palace. Also notable is the Manneken Pis that is a bronze sculpture cum fountain of a urinating youth. Other notable attractions that prompt tourists to tour Belgium are the Flander battlefields and the Ypres War Memorials. This is mainly because of the link between the Ypres town and the First World War as it holds silent of those who died in the First World War. Besides, those who travel to Brussels get to experience the over three thousand castles. Three hundred of these castles are open to the public. However, it is the Gravensteen castle that is also referred to as Castle of the Counts which is most popular. Another place that you must not fail to visit is Town of Spa that offers relaxing fine waters and the Bruges commonly known as Venice of North because of the bridges and canals. For lovers of chocolate, Brussels offers the best of chocolate with an estimated over two thousand chocolate shops and a production of over 172,000 tons of the same. Children who travel to Brussels as part of their holidays need not to worry about getting bored as there are a number of carnivals and festivals every year. These include the Zinneke parade and the Ommegang festival among others. The other Belgium cities also hold the same for example the Carnival de Blinche that is held in Blinche and the Stavelot that is held in Mid-Lent Carnival.

Brussels is also a great shopping destination for those people who love shopping. The Flea market is famous for not only crockery but also vintage clothes, household items and furniture. Antique lovers can also be sure to find some of the best antiques in Europe in places like Place du Grand Sablon. If you are keen on fashion items you can also be sure to find shoes, accessories and clothes that are fashionable from a range of shops like the Brooklyn Antwerp or even the High and Mighty. Another great shop for shoppers is the Mier. In fact, people who like to go shopping often make Brussels and Belgium in general their tourist destination.

A tour of Brussels will be incomplete without an experience of the Belgium cuisine. In fact, Belgians believe that their food is prepared using French Finesse and served with the German generosity. The Belgian cuisine is famous for not only known for frites and mussels but also endive and waffles. Of important mention is the fact that the seafood and fish are as important as beer that is as popular as the Belgium brewing tradition. Also included in the Belgian cuisine are game birds, meat and potatoes. One of the famous types is the chicory or the Belgian endive. Street foods are also common for instance French fries that are usually served on paper cones alongside mayonnaise and curry sauce. It is believed that besides other attractions, the Belgian cuisine is among the reasons tourists flock into Belgium. There are numerous other places and attractions that cause tourists to travel to Brussels and the large Belgium. Because of the vast nature of the tourist attractions in Brussels, it is wise to research about the attractions and make up your mind on the places that you intend to visit before hand. This is not only good planning purposes but also helpful in managing the finances that you have set a side for your trip.

Venice is unforgettable

Amazing Venice in ItalyVenice is truly a beautiful and romantic city. Anyone who intends to visit this Italian city will enjoy the city’s beauty of nature especially the natural water canals. People are not only attracted to this ancient city because it was built on a lagoon but also because of its famous landmarks, beautiful old-fashion streets and rich culture. Remember, even in Shakespeare’s time this city was a famous trading city so popular in fact that the play writer could come up with the play The Merchant of Venice without even setting his feet on this ancient trading city or even having been to Italy.

Venice is a preferred city for any tourists especially newly wed. The reason why it is known to be a romantic city is simply because it is mostly visited by couples who want to have a romantic experience. It is common to find more tourists as compare to the local population of the city. It is also common to find tourists in a group of two enjoying every bit of the romantic experience Venice has to offer.

Tourist trade is the only source of income for the local people known as Venetians. When you visit Venice, you may think its buildings were built just to attract tourist. It is beautified by its narrow canals mounted by old and attractive bridges and buildings. Make sure get a good map of Venice when going to this lovely city.

Venice was built in the 5th Century and it later grew to a maritime empire. It comprises of 121 small islands connected by an incredible 435 bridges. The city stands on a lagoon making it the most popular experience for tourists. City streets clogged with polluting road traffic is a phenomenon that is never found in this city. The best way of moving around this city is by water using water buses. However, there are raised sidewalks which can be used to move from a certain point to another without getting your feet wet.

If you are planning to visit Venice, it is important to get yourself familiar with the map of the city’s vaporetto ways first.  They are usually found in most of the city’s guidebooks and also easily downloadable from the internet. It is a good idea to book a hotel of your choice before booking your flight to Venice so as to avoid missing out due to the large number of tourists the city receives throughout the year.

On the day of visit, the first decision you will have to take upon arrival at the city’s Marco Polo Airport is how to get to your reserved hotel. There is a walkway at the airport that leads to an area where you can see the city for the first time. To get to your hotel there are buses and taxis that can take you to your hotel by road, but by far the best way to travel is by water boats or vaporetti. These vaporetti will take you to your stop in an hour’s time. When you use these Alilaguna company vaporetti you will get to enjoy the magnificent old fashioned building and bridges of this ancient city. You can also use the water taxi if you want to save money since it can accommodate more people and thus the fare is cheaper compared to vaporetti.

You can take the red vaporetti route which goes around the attractive ancient island of Murano and on to Lido’s beaches then towards St. Mark’s Square which is a tourist hotspot. St. Mark’s Square is known as Piazza San Marko by the local population. It has the Campanile bell tower which is the tallest building in Venice. The top of the Campanile can be accessed via a lift; from there you can see the whole of the red roofed city. You can also find the Doge’s palace at the St. Mark’s Square. This palace is symbol of Venice judicial and political history and as far back as the 9th Century it was the city’s dukes’ seat of power. You can visit the private chambers, halls of state and even torture chambers.

Map of Venice
Map of Venice (Venezia)

St. Mark’s Square is connected to the Grand Canal by a group of shopping streets. Here you will get Murano glass made jewellery and Venetian traditional balls and ornaments. As you walk through these streets, you will get to another Venice’s famous landmark, the Rialto Bridge.

Venice is also blessed with magnificent art galleries. One fine gallery is the Galleria dell’Accademia. It is located on the quiet island of Dorsoduro. It has a rich Venice’s art.

The centre of Venice is easily accessible even on foot. You can walk around in less than an hour. However, the maze created by small canals is amazing; you can walk around and stop each time to take a photo due to the picturesque bridges and buildings around. You can enter a cafe and have an ice cream while watching water boats ferry tourists with the backdrop of picturesque view of buildings.

Memorable holiday by visiting Munich

Munich in GermanyIf one wants to make their holidays as memorable as they possibly can be, then it might be a good idea to consider the city of Munich in Germany as one of their destination.  This city boasts of being the third largest city in Germany with the average population of about one million three hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants. The city has a motto, which translates to Munich likes you. From the city motto, one gets a feel of what this city has to offer to the tourist.

The rich history of the city is something that is helping to attract people who want to explore Munich. The history of the city states that it was initially founded by monks thus the name that it has got is a derivative if the word that means by the monks place. This is just a sample of the rich history that this city has to offer to the travelling visitor. The modern city of Munich is now a financial hub spot that has got a thriving economy and a booming tourist industry. The infrastructure of this city is one of the best in the world and this means that the tourist will be able to enjoy the services of plush hotels and other amenities that this city has to offer. Holiday that is spent in Munich is guaranteed to be fun and relaxing and this is one of the reasons that this city has seen a rise in the number of tourist.

The city is modern and is a leader when it comes to the international field of technology innovation and financial growth. Some reviewers of cites have ranked it as the world most livable city. What this means is that the city is the crème of civilization and the quality of services and the quality of life in the city is among the highest in the world. Many people would love to simply go and live in this great city and the tourists who visit this city will feel that they need to revisit since the experience that they will have will be so good.

The history of the city and its establishment is rich and the tourist will be amazed at the important events that this city has hosted. There are various important landmarks that one can go and visit to get a sense of the rich diversity that this city has to offer. This city has been the host for great events that happened in the past and was at one time the spotlight of artistic and historical events in the past civilization. The history of this city is also tied to the history of the international community. Munich was an important player in the two world wars that ravaged the globe. It was greatly affected by the two wars just as Berlin was affected by the two world wars. The city’s ability to rebuild and emerge as one of the best cities in the world is something to marvel at. It is the reason that many people will visit Germany and Munich in particular. The tourist can see and understand how this city was affected, and how the inhabitants had to start rebuilding the city after the world wars.

The city was and still is the center of many political happenings and events that have changed the landscape ofGermanypolitics over the past centuries. It is an important element in the political happenings of Germany and has a say in the way Germany’s politics and other social economical issues are viewed and shaped.

Although the city was heavily damaged by the allied bombings during the war, it has been able to rebuild itself into an important city in the republicof Germany. This is due to the fact that the city has been able to attract investors and industries that have helped in the reconstruction process. The city now has a well-defined infrastructure that not only caters for the residents but can also support the huge number of tourists who come in every year. Most of the residents that now live in Munich enjoy a very high standard of living. This standard of living can be experienced by the visitor when they visit this great city.

The economy of Munich is driven by industrial and information technology developments. The crime rate that this city experiences is very low so the tourist is now able to enjoy romantic walks in the evening without having to worry about being mugged. No tourist will visit a city that has the highest crime rate in the world. Most people will shy away from such cities due to obvious risk factor that the visit to the city entails. Security is one of the most important issues that the tourist looks at when they are deciding the destination for their holiday. It is the reason that some cities will experience a high rate tourist while others will experiences a reduced number of tourists. Munich is a safe and secure city that one can tour and have a good time.


Amsterdam the northern European Cosmopolitan metropolis

Amsterdam in HollandAmsterdam is known not just the capital of Netherlands but also the largest city. This city is endowed with about a hundred kilometres of canals, one thousand five hundred bridges and ninety islands that earned it the name Venice of the North. Amsterdam which is in the North Holland province is thus an excellent tourist and holidays destination especially for those people who would like to experience ancient history. In fact, it is among the most popular destinations for tourists in the larger Europe as it receives a huge number of visitors, estimated at 4.6 million, drawn from different parts of the world every year. There are numerous attractions that Amsterdam has to offer ranging from the historic canals to museums and the coffee shops. Also notable is the Amsterdam Stock Exchange which is the world’s oldest.

Some interesting information that visitors who tour Amsterdam appreciate is that the canals did not just happen but they were consciously planned for in the course of planning for the city at a time when the rate of immigration was too high. The planning mainly based on the canals concentric four half circles whose ends emerged at IJ bay. Three of these canals were mainly directed towards residential development. Ultimately though the canals were dedicated to ensuring defence, transport as well as water management. The canals offer scenic views into the beauty of Amsterdam thereby encouraging visitors to explore the city. The canals have since been included in the UNESCO world heritage list.

The other attractions that visitors and tourists get to experience while in Amsterdam include the numerous museums that are home to years of history. In fact, a visit to the museums is considered to be one of the best ways of reliving the history of Netherlands. One of the important museums that tourists must not fail to explore is Rijksmuseum that having been created towards the end of the 19th century. This museum which is also Netherland’s national museum is mainly dedicated crafts, arts as well as history. This is evident in the large collection of Dutch Golden Age paintings as well as the considerable Asian art collection. Originally founded in The Hague in 1800 with the aim of exhibiting Dutch Stadtholders collection, the museum was later to move to Amsterdam under the orders of king Louis Bonaparte. Visitors who travel to Amsterdam may also tour the other museums that include the Stedelijk museum whose specialty is modern art, Van Gogh museum that holds a lot of Vincent Van Gogh’s works and Rembrandt house museum among numerous others museums.

Besides museums, Amsterdam also offers a perfect environment for holidays as it houses De Wallen, an area that is set aside of prostitution that is legalized in its red light district. In fact, the red light district has become popular among tourists and has a well knit alleys and roads network that are rented out. Other attractions in Amsterdam include parks that are very common among people who not only want to experience Amsterdam but also want to enjoy a great family moment at picnics. The parks offer a serene environment that is characterized by water fountains, open fresh air as well as the sun. Additionally, depending on the time of the year that you will travel to Amsterdam, you may engage in festivals like the Qeens’ or Koninginnedag day that have music concerts organized, opera, children’s games among other activities.

In order to ensure that your experience in Amsterdam is worth remembering, you will need to be aware of the best time of the year to travel. For instance in order to have the best of the canals, you will need to be in Amsterdam in the months between April and October during maritime climate. However, the high season runs from April all the way to December while October and November and also January to March are low seasons for tourists. Accommodation is not a matter of concern as there are numerous hotels of different calibres which you can check in. there are also hostels as well as camping sites. Amsterdam is also a great city for shopping as it is dotted with numerous department stores as well as specialty shops. The Cornelis and Pieter Cornelisz Hooftstraat are streets that are usually busy with shoppers. Amsterdam is also home to fashion brands such as G-star, Blue Blood, Gsus as well as Iris van Herpen among others. In fact, it also houses a garment centre at the World Fashion Centre with most of the buildings that were previously used as brothels within the red light district being turned into ateliers for upcoming fashion designers. In conclusion, a trip to Amsterdam for holidays or even as a tourist promises a lot of fun and insight into the history of the city.


Paris – the romantic jewel of Europe

Paris the capital of FranceA visit to France will be incomplete without alluring the captivating beauty of Paris, also regarded as the city of light. This city offers an amazing experience of the French culture as well as the rich history of France. Paris which is known as to be the most romantic city in the world boasts of a combination of both the old charm of the world with contemporary culture making it an enchanting and intriguing destination for vacations. While in this city visitors get to explore the more than two hundred museums and galleries, hidden treasures, famous attractions, romantic restaurants and chic café all of which offer something for everyone.

Paris is not just the capital of France but also one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world having been ranked third after New York City and Orlando. The city is estimated to receive close to 42 million visitors. It is also ranked first with regards to international tourist arrivals with the number estimated at 17 million visitors. The city as well as its region is known for a number of historical monuments that are key tourist attractions with four of these having been listed among the UNESCO world heritage sites. This is enough evidence that Paris is a great city to tour not just as a tourist but also for holidays for an experience that is unforgettable.  Some of the popular attractions in Paris include Basilique du Sacre Coeur, the Lourve, Notre Dame de Paris, the Eiffel Tower, Arc de Triompe and Champs-Elysees and Musee d’Orsay.

The other famous attraction in Paris is the Notre Dame de Paris that means Our Lady of Paris. The cathedral is synonymous with French Gothic architecture that is, stained glass windows that are beautiful as well as dramatic spires and towers. Moreover, it has regained ill repute for being home to Disney’s Hunchback. What captivates visitors most is the intricate art, a magnificent panoramic view of Paris as well stone gargoyles. The Notre Dame Cathedral is said to have been completed over a period of close to two hundred years.

Another attraction  that you cannot miss to see include the Louver, that guarantees you travel through ages as you get to explore antiquities and art work that dates back to centuries ago by walking into one of the few museums in the world that is not only the largest and oldest but also fascinating. This museum which was at one time a royal palace is a historical landmark that houses a number of not just amazing but also acclaimed proof of brilliance in art like Mona Lisa by Da Vinci, Dying slave by Michelangelo as well as Venus de Milo, a famed Greek sculpture. The Louvre also presents an opportunity to tour Mesopotamia in ancient Egypt and the middle ages and also experience the awakening of Italian Renaissance expressed through art. Other attractions worth exploring at the Louvre include the Ottoman period as well as various styles that are representative of the French Revolution. The Louvre presents an opportunity to listen to history speak strength, perseverance and love as seen through ages.

The other place in Paris that is worth visiting is the Champs-Elysees and Arc de Triomphe. This is especially ideal for people who consider relaxed holidays as they can stroll through these undoubtedly beautiful and glamorous avenues. Movie lovers may also consider enjoying popping in at the cinema or the specialty shops and end up at the café for rich delicacies. Visitors are usually advised to take time in order to make the most of what Champs-Elysees offers before ending the tour with Arc de Triomphe an architectural piece crowning crossroads totaling twelve avenues that was initiated by renowned Napoleon Bonaparte being a tribute to not only military prowess but also achievements. This monument has the names of the commanding generals of Napoleon besides housing Tomb of Unknown Soldier that is a 1920 addition. While atop this Arc, visitors are treated to breathtaking sights as well as the opportunity to discover other attractions that are also popular.

Also worth mentioning is the Sacre-Coeur, a grandiose basilica from the 19th century that is magnificently located at the highest point of the city of Paris. This basilica which is located within the Montmartre district adopted the Roman-Byzantyne technique and is regarded as the centre of art. Your holidays in Paris will be incomplete without travel to the magnificent Eiffel tower that is in fact France’s global icon. The Eiffel tower also the tallest structure in Paris standing at just over one thousand meters and is visited most offering millions of visitors that opportunity to go up each year. Even then, in order to make your visit to Paris exciting, you need to find out more about Paris prior to your visit. The internet is a great resource and you can be sure to find all the information you need in order to prepare adequately for your trip.


ViennaThere are a number of tourist destinations around the world some of which can only be explored by people who have a made it a habit to tour different countries for holidays. One of the amazing tourist destinations is Vienna, the capital city of Austria. This is mainly because of the numerous attractions and places that offer an amazing experience to visitors of all ages and descent. The first irresistible place in Vienna is the Café central that is an esteemed coffee house. Café central is in fact famous among authors and other intellectuals like Theodor Herzl, Peter Altenberg, Hugo Von Hofmannsthal, Egon Friedell, Adolf Loos, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky who would hold meetings here and discuss subjects such as philosophy, politics and economics among others. The café’s long history, famous patrons and the beautiful atmosphere have made Café Central a place that every tourist must consider visiting and is thus recommended by the stakeholders in the tourism industry. This is despite the fact that the original Café Central was located in a different section of the building known as Palais Ferstel that was closed at the end of the Second World War.  The café thus has a number of informative signs bearing the images of the celebrities of the old even though they did not sit at any of the tables in reality. Even then, the café has embraced impressive architecture and the drinks and food served hear is mouth watering. You can also get to experience Viennesse Coffee that guarantees you fresh authentic coffee.

The second place that most tourists explore while in Vienna is the Viennese cuisine. The traditional wine tavern also known as Heurige makes the experience worth while. Even then, it is Grinzing which is a combination of Heurige within the vineyards that overlook Vienna that are the main Viennese attraction. In fact, the experience is more rewarding compared to what you get after jostling among Japanese tourists. There are quite a number of Heurige within Austria’s Wine Quarter, Hagenbrunn and even Stammersdorf as well as the town of Perchtoldsdorf. All these locations are within reach by tourists. Another treat for the visitors who travel to Vienna are the Lipizzaner horse shows, an initiative of the Spanish riding school that was instituted in 1572. The school is considered to be one of the most prestigious as well as oldest the world over. Also notable is the Baroque architecture that is strategically nestledin the Hofburg palace that attracts visitors. This is in addition to the Lipizzan horses. However, you will not view these artistry and the horses for free as a fee of about one hundred and seventy three Euros is charged for each performance. Should you be interested in an up close and personal experience with the horses you will need to pay and additional twelve Euros while those desiring to explore the stables for a guided tour will need a combo ticket.

The other place that every tourist needs to consider visiting in Vienna is the famous Sacher hotel. This hotel is known for a world famous dessert that comprises dual sheets of chocolate cake that is separated by another sheet of apricot jam at the centre and is covered in a chocolate glaze that is dark. It is thus Hotel Sacher that has the right to the Sachertorte hence it is abit costly. Even then, there are a few other hotels that sell Sachertorte that is equally mouth watering. Vienna is also known for its numerous souvenir shops besides the sights and sounds. One of the best ways of remembering your holidays experience in Vienna is by purchasing a keepsake that would depend on your experiences. The good news is that there are numerous souvenir shops that offer a wide range of items that accommodate everyone. It is important to ensure that the souvenir items that you select are not cheaply made Chinese products but real Austrian antiques. You could also these memorabilia outside Vienna.

Ultimately, it is true that if you travel to Vienna for holidays and are not the disciplined type when it comes to finances, chances are that you will spend a lot of money on items you will later realize that you do not need. It is therefore advisable that you prepare for your visit to Vienna adequately by preparing a detailed itinerary of your trip. You may also need to find out about the various interesting places in Vienna to enable you to budget adequately. Most importantly, ensure that you take not of any activities that will require you to pay a designated fee so that you do not limit yourself on the activities that you can engage in as well as the places you can visit. You could also look at working with a tour company that will ensure you make the most out of your trip.


Helsinki FinlandHelsinki is Finland’s largest and capital city with a population of at least 500,000 people. It is considered Finland’s cultural center. The Helsinki-Vantaa Airport connects a number of destinations in Asia and Europe and this makes it an ideal place for holidays for people residing in these continents. However, this does not mean that the airport locks out people from other regions or continents that want to tour or explore Helsinki.

The city derives its name from the Swedish name Helsingfors, a combination of two words (Helsinge – the surrounding parish) and (fors – the rapids). There are still many theories surrounding the origin of this name and they could go on and on. Nevertheless, what is important is the fact that this is a vital city and it has been in the records as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991. Helsinki is praised for its richness in the number of islands, peninsulas and bays and could provide an excellent experience for any holidaymaker or visitor. When you explore Helsinki, you will admire a scenic display of patches of forest. Some visitors claim that the Helsinki Central Park is just irresistible; they can not leave the city without taking much of their time in the park. One tourist wished the park would be transported to her neighbourhood back at home.

When you travel to Helsinki, you could consider making a tour to its rich islands such as:

  • Lauttasaari island
  • Korkeasaari island
  • Santahamina island
  • Seurasaari island
  • Pihlajasaari island

These islands are favourite spots during summer. Helsinki and its islands receive a considerable number of visitors during summer as a result of the prevailing humid continental climate. It is also reported that the city experiences long days in summer and this means that you can have all enjoy all the sun rays and warm climate as you please.
Apart from the islands, the city itself is a beauty to behold. Some of the most fascinating buildings and sites include:

  • The Aleksanterinkatu
  • The Helsinki Cathedral
  • The parliament of Finland
  • Kaisaniemenlahti
  • Café Regatta near Sibelius Park
  • The Senate Square
  • The Government Palace
  • The Stora Enso, the headquarters of the paper company
  • Finlandia Hall, the concert venue
  • The Tennis Palace
  • Olympic Stadium
  • The Swimming Stadium
  • Glass Palace
  • The Rowing Stadium
  • The Helsinki-Malmi Airport
  • The Exhibition Hall

All these sites and buildings are demonstrations of the architectural ingenuity and innovativeness that can not be found anywhere else except in Helsinki, Finland. In fact the Helsinki-Malmi Airport and Olympic Stadium have been recognized as important national cultural-historical environments by the National Board of Antiquities.

Helsinki is endowed with museums which are home to a wide range historical collection some of which date as far back as the prehistoric times. They include:

  • The National Museum of Finland
  • The Helsinki City Museum
  • The UNIVERSITY MUSEUM, University of Helsinki
  • The Natural History Museum, University of Helsinki
  • The Kiasma Art Museum for classical modern art
  • The Sinebrychoff Art Museum for classical European art
  • The Ateneum Art Museum for classical Finnish art

In case you are not a fan of museums and galleries, you can take a tour of Helsinki’s theatres and the most popular theatres are: the Helsinki City Theatre, the Finnish National Theatre and the Finland Swedish Svenska Teatern. They will offer you the best experience that you have ever had in your life. While it is good to spend most of your time outdoors, it is also vital to give yourself a break so that you can be witness to what happens in Helsinki’s theatres and musical venues. Some visitors arrive there with the assumption that theatres and musical venues across the globe offer presentations and renditions that are not any different from what they have in their respective countries. You know what they say, “He who has eaten his mother’s food all his life might think that his mother is the best cook in the whole wide world.” If you give it a chance, you will be shocked at how different theatres are in Helsinki.

Whenever you choose to explore Helsinki and its attractions, do not just focus on the recreational, buildings and other attractions. Remember that people are usually the best attractions that you can ever have. Interact with the locals in Helsinki and discover the ideas that they have. The best time you can interact and mingle with the locals is in August when they are having their Helsinki Festival. This event is held with the aim of celebrating the city’s culture and body of arts.

Finally, the city’s well developed transport network makes mobility of visitors to their respective destinations of choice faster and easy. Helsinki is a city of choice and a city visitors and locals.


LisbonIf it has never crossed your mind to explore Lisbon, Portugal’s largest and capital city, it is high time you scheduled a tour of Lisbon in your diary. It is estimated that this city has a population of 3 million and has been rated as the 9th most populous urban area in the European Union. It is strategically placed among the cities in Europe along the Atlantic coast and this has made it an excellent centre for tourism, arts, entertainment and international trade. As a result of its improved transport system, it has become the 7th most visited city in southern Europe. This has been made possible due to its well developed motorway network, the Lisbon Portela Airport as well as its high speed rail which connects major cities in Portugal.  There are plans to connect its high speed rail to Spain so that the city can be accessed easily and conveniently.

If you would like to travel to Rome, Istanbul, Madrid, Barcelona, Milan, or Athens, you can do so without any problem. Being the wealthiest city, it has become home to many headquarters of multinationals in Portugal and it is also the 9th city in the world which attracts international conferences.  Did you know that Lisbon is older than cities such as Paris, Rome and London? Despite the fact that Lisbon has never been declared officially as the capital city of Portugal, it still remains a force to reckon with not only in Portugal and Europe but also across the globe. People throughout the world would love to experience the climate, art, entertainment and culture of Lisbon. Even people who have aspirations of venturing into the business world need to consider making numerous tours of this city so that they can see immense opportunities that are hidden along the Atlantic coast.

It is a good place for your holidays too because of the various sites such as Jeronimos Monastery, Belem Towers. Most visitors come mainly to experience Lisbon’s Mediterranean climate whose summers take about 6 months. It is also known for its warm to hot summers as well as mild winters. Since rains are common in winters, summers are usually dry. If you would like to explore a city in Europe that would guarantee you sunshine hours that range between 4.6 hours and 11.6 hours per day in December and July respectively, then Lisbon is the place to be. Does it deserve mention that Lisbon has the warmest winters among all the metropolises in Europe? You can not help spending part of your time at the beautiful Parque Florestal de Monsanto (English:  Monsanto Forest Park) which takes 10% of Lisbon’s municipality.

As you tour the city’s urban area, you will not hesitate to marvel at its wide range of architecture such as Baroque, Romanesque, Gothic as well as Manueline. You will also not consider it a waste of time and resources spending your holidays in Lisbon because of its remarkable Museums such as

It is almost impossible to exhaust every treasure that Lisbon keeps in its wings. On the southern bank of Tagus River in Amada is a monument to Cristo Rei (Christ the King) whcih was constructed after World War II. It was a sign of thanksgiving since Portugal had been able to survive the ravages of World War II. When your holidays coincide with June 13, you will be able to share in Lisbon’s holiday on which Santo Antonio (saint Antony of Lisbon) is honored for spending the better part of his life preaching to the poor.

Some people particularly want to explore the following places:

  • Fountain in Don IV square, the second largest park in Lisbon
  • Alcantara, a district that is composed of palaces and farms and other old buildings. The youth love the district due to its numerous pubs and discotheques.
  • Alfama, a district that comprises old houses, restaurants and bars.

Lisbon’s panoramic view from the top of Sanctuary Christ the King is breathtaking. You may also consider standing atop Vasco da Gama Tower and viewing the Vasco da Gama Bridge. It is a beauty to behold!

You need to make a date with Lisbon so that you can explore, experience and tour every corner of this city. You will discover how much you have missed.


Split in CroatiaSplit – Croatia’s southern Capital

Many people have tried their level best explain why Croatia’s second largest city is called Split. This city is located on the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea. It has gained prominence and popularity due to its strategic location. It is a popular tourist destination links that the Apennine peninsula and Adriatic Islands. Most people are beginning to slot into their budgets plans to tour and spend their holidays in Split. They would like to see and experience for themselves what split, one of the oldest cities in the region can offer to a curious mind.

Research indicates that this ancient city derived its name from a type of shrub called spiny broom. However, when it came under the Romans, they called it Spalatum which later evolved into Split. People who claim that the word split was derived from the Latin word ‘palatium’ (palace) are not accurate in their assertion. Although the Diocletian Palace is a central architectural feature, it had nothing to do with the city’s naming. Some of these controversies are igniting people’s curiosity to want to explore every nook of Split in order to ascertain the truth.

They do not want to merely sit back and wait for people to come up with their own versions of stories and fabrications. Perhaps you have only seen the Diocletian’s Palace in photos but you have never seen it at close quarters. If you choose to make a tour at Split, you will no doubt be able to touch, feel and experience the culture and many other older buildings in this ancient city. It is reported that historic sites at Split entered the UNESCO World Heritage Sites way back in 1979. Since then it has remained one of Croatia’s main centres of culture. When you travel across the city, you will not fail to catch a glimpse of the Cathedral of Saint Dominus as well as the statue of bishop Gregory of Nin.

Split is also known for its amazing galleries and museums such as:

  • The Archaeological Museum
  • The Solin Museum
  • The Narona Collections
  • The Issa Collections
  • The Split Archaeological Museum

You will particularly love the Split Archaeological Museum, the oldest museum in Croatia. It is estimated that this museum has over 100,000 artefacts which date from the prehistoric era, Greek era, early Christian era. Below is a list of the most popular artefacts at:

a). The Split Archaeological Museum

  • Ancient clay lamps
  • Bone and metal articles
  • Gems collections
  • Collections of stone inscriptions from Salona
  • Ceramic objects
  • Roman glass
  • Collection of Ancient coins
  • Collection of Medieval coins
  • Collection of submarine collection
  • A well equipped archive library

b). The Split City of Croatian Archaeological Monuments

  • Weapons
  • Domestic items
  • Jewellery
  • Stone artefacts of the old Croatian church
  • Clay figurines
  • Early mediaeval wicker
  • Old Croatian Latin epigraphic

c). The Croatia Maritime Museum

  • collection of ship models
  • collection of navigation equipment
  • collection of weapons
  • collection of uniforms and equipment
  • collection of marine equipment and supplies
  • Collection of medals.
  • Naval and maritime history
  • The history of the Slavs

These museums’ eclectic collection of artefacts mirrors the rich culture as well as artistic expressions of Croats. It will be prudent to start saving right now so that you can explore these museums and galleries.  When you leave Split, your life will never be the same again. It does not matter whether you are a student, scholar, journalist or a mere tourist. Doors and arms of Split and its people are wide open to people of all walks of life. You are guaranteed an experience of a lifetime which will remain in your mental diary for a long time. Did you know that the Split City Museum houses the Emanuel Vidovic Gallery? This special gallery was initiated in honour of a special painter of Split in the 20th century.

As you finalize your holidays, you could also take time see Split’s galleries such as

  • The Gallery of Fine Arts which displays various sculptures and paintings of famous Croatian artists.
  • The Ivan Mestrovic Gallery which displays different drawings, architecture, design, sculpture and furniture.

Split has a history and reputation for music and it has one the most influential musicians and their music.

Finally, summers are usually busy with cultural activities during the Split Musical Festival. These festivals are usually followed closely by the Split Summer Theatre Festivals which brings together different people within Split to showcase their talent. Some of these annual festivals have produced amazing talents (such as Josip Hatze, Zdenko Runjik, Daleka Obala, Jelena Rozga and many more) for the country and the world. Split is evidently not a slouch in sports because of the conspicuous presence of the Poljud Stadium and Spaladium Arena. Some more information on Split at Wikipedia.


Ankara – a Treasure Trove of Ancient Architecture

Ankara in TurkeyA bit more humble in population and geographical stature than the luxurious city of Istanbul, Ankara is Turkey’s capital and second largest city. The city of Ankara is advantageously positioned in the centre of Turkey’s notable transportation grid and functions as marketing central for neighbouring agricultural regions. Not only is it considered a key point for active commerce supporting such items as wine, flour, leather goods and carpets, it is additionally home to the world famous Angora cat, Angora goats (mohair) and Angora rabbits (prized wool). This map of Turkey shows the region and city clearly.

The ancient city of Ankara is rich with archaeological sites given its 5000 years of history. The oldest part of the city, the citadel, dates back before the times of the Romans. Anyone sightseeing in Ankara will discover a great deal of ancient architecture and traditional Turkish accommodations along with some of the finest restaurants in the world.

Ankara is an old city with a variety of interesting archaeological sites to explore. A hill that looks over the city is topped by ancient castle ruins, which only embellishes the panoramic vista. Even though there are only a few significant ruins that have survived around the old citadel, there are several well-preserved ancient remains in other areas throughout the city.

Other archaeological sites to tour:

Temple of Augustus and Rome – Also referred to as the Monumentum Ancyranum, was built sometime between the 25 BC – 20 BC period after the establishment of the Roman province of Galatia and the Roman Empire’s overthrow of Central Anatolia.

Column of Julian – Currently in the Ulus district, the Column of Julian (or Julianus) was constructed to celebrate and pay homage to the Great Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate’s trip to Ancyra (modern day Ankara) in 362.

Roman Bath – The Roman bath was created while Emperor Caracalla reigned to honor the God of Medicine, known as Asclepius, in 3rd century AD. The bath consists of a hot room (Caldarium), warm room (Tepidarium), and a cold room (Frigidarium), which was entered after the Caldarium and Tepidarium to open the pores of the skin. It is a traditional Roman bath with all the classic elements and is located in the Ulus quarter. Only the first floors and basement exist today.

Ankara’s predominant and most awe-inspiring place to worship is the glorious, exquisite, and extremely provocative Kocatepe Mosque. Viewing pictures of Kocatepe Mosque simply do not compare to standing in front of the incredibly wondrous structure in person and looking upon its grace and beauty for the first time. Essentially, there are no words to accurately describe it.

Several more mosques that are notable and worth visiting in and around Ankara for tourists to visit as archaeological attractions:

Ahi Elvan Mosque – This particular mosque was intricately carved from walnut and built by the ahi leader Ahi Elvan Mehmet Bey in the year 1382.

The Alaadin Mosque – Erected by Muhiddin Mesut in 1178 inside Ankara Castle, it was renamed the Alaeddin Mosque while it was restored during the Alaeddin Keykubat years. Additionally, revealed inside the mosque’s garden, are interesting architectural relics and calligraphies from the Byzantine and Roman periods.

Yeni Mosque – the well-renowned architect Sinan constructed this opulent mosque, sometime during the 16th century. The prayer niche and pulpit are fashioned of luxurious white marble, and the mosque itself is made of Ankara stone, both examples of very skilled artistry.

Haci Bayram Mosque – The mosque is found in the Ulus area of Ankara adjacent to the Augustus temple. The mosque, as it is seen today, reveals traits of the late 17th and 18th century mosques and was built by an unknown architect in the early 15th century.

Check this wiki page for more info.

Other attractions and sights of Ankara

Ankara is proud to host the Turkish State Opera and Ballet, which offers Ankara three key venues including the Leyla Gencer Sahnesi, the Ankara Opera House and Operet Sahnesi – all of which provide a steady stream of original and creative performances. Ankara additionally features five professional classical orchestras, four concert halls, and an array of annual festivals comprised of theatre, music and cinema.

Folk traditions are also exhibited and observed regularly in restaurants, bars, small theatres and student venues. This part of Ankara is readily exposed while meandering along the energetic and pulsating streets after dark, and is exactly where one should venture to get a real taste of the city.

Ankara’s lively restaurants are additionally teeming with Turkish culinary pleasures including a distinct fondness for fresh and tasty fish dishes. Along with sampling succulent seafood cuisine, experience classical Turkish music along the way.

Coupled with Ankara’s rich culinary delights, lies the world of shopping that is diverse as the dining, including a first-rate selection of street-style shops, modern malls, local markets and bazaars. For a more earthy atmosphere and affordability, head for the markets where haggling and negotiating for better prices is the norm. The most interesting shopping begins at the Castle area where a centuries-old trading center is situated sprinkled with exquisite local stores that offer authentic Turkish rugs, antiques and leather goods as well. A good map of Ankara is a must when travelling through this wonderful city

SouthWest Airlines

Southwest Airlines a cheap and affordable carrier

southwest airlinesSouthwest Airlines is the largest airline in the United States based on the amount of passengers that it carries per year. This budget airline has been going strong since 1967, at present it offers over 3,300 flights a day to over 97 different destinations. In 2012 it purchased AirTran Airways, full integration between the two companies will take a number of years, but it has really increased the amount of destinations that you are able to travel to on Southwest Airlines.

Southwest Airlines first flight was on June 18th 1971, it offered transport on its original three aircraft between various destinations in Texas including Houston, San Antonio and Dallas. During this time the company adopted a policy of employing only sexier stewardesses on their flights. They were each dressed in hot pants, which was of course very unique in the airline industry.

Southwest Airlines made a loss in the financial year of 1971 to 1972, this resulted in the sale of one of their aircraft. This meant that planes needed to be on the ground for much shorter time periods in order to continue their normal scheduled services. This is where the phrase ’10 minute turn’ came into action, which of course means a quick turn around after the aircraft has landed.

Southwest Airlines was one of the first airlines to establish an internet presence, their website was launched in March 1995, originally you could only view flight schedules, but now you can purchase tickets from Southwest through the website, in fact over 70% of bookings now come through the website so it is a major source of revenue for Southwest Airlines.

Over the years Southwest have acquired a number of different providers including Muse Air, Morris Air and ATA Airlines. This has helped expand their portfolio if the amount of destinations that they are able to fly too. Further destinations were added after replacement of the wright amendment.

There are a lot of destinations that Southwest Airlines fly to, they do not offer transport hubs as such and generally fly from destination to destination, which of course allowed them to fly to other destinations. Major destinations serviced include Orlando, Kansas City and Las Vegas. Since the acquisition of AirTran there are a select number of flights being offered to Mexico and the Caribbean.

There is a frequent flier programme as well as in flight wi-fi on most flights. This means that Southwest Airlines is the perfect solution for business users. The cabins are also fairly comfortable which makes transport between destinations a breeze. It is no wonder that Southwest Airlines are the first choice of many people out there.

If you are looking for cheap Southwest Airlines tickets there are plenty of websites out there on the internet that will be able to you. Remember, just because you are flying budget does mean that you need to sacrifice comfort on your flight, Southwest Airlines does not sacrifice comfort.

Sun Country Airlines

Sun Country Airlines is the trading name of MN Airlines. They are based in Minneapolis. They offer budget flights within the United States as well as destinations further afield such as the United Kingdom. Their main hub is at Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport and have three focus cities; Dallas International Airport, Capital Region International Airport and Cancun International Airport. They did file for bankruptcy in 2008 but is still offering regular passenger service as of 2012.

sun country airlines

After rapid expansion the company entered bankruptcy in 2001, during this time it lost nearly all of its 727 aircraft as well as other aircraft models, it did however retain its operating certificate. Sun Country Airlines emerged from the ashes of its bankruptcy soon after and began rebuilding its fleet albeit at a slower pace than before. In 2008 it started having a bit of trouble, many of the summer schedule was cancelled with pilots being placed on leave. In 2009 it made a small profit of $1,000,000 and started to repay its loans.

Sun Country Airlines fly to over 32 destinations worldwide. This includes service of London Gatwick Airport, which is located around 25 miles outside of London. Other destinations can be found in the Caribbean where they fly to countries such as Jamaica, Costa Rica and Puerto Rico. Many of their destinations are seasonal destinations and only 11 of their destinations are serviced year round. Internal flights take you to states such as Alaska, California, New York and Nevada.

The company currently have 14 aircraft in their fleet, a far cry from their rapid expansion heyday, although they do plan on adding numerous aircraft in the future to service a number of new destinations.

Food and beverages on board are not included in the ticket price. No matter where you fly you will have to purchase some of the things that you consume. This of course accounts for why the ticket prices on some of their flights are incredibly cheap. First Class and Economy are included on every flight, which of course makes it ideal for business users.

Sun Country Airlines also have a fairly good reward program. It is known as the ‘Sun Country VIP Club’. You can get some extra cheap deals when you are a member of this program and can get much cheaper ticket prices than any other airlines for the destinations that they travel to.

Sun Country Airlines also offer Sun Country Airlines in order to increase their chances of making money. You can buy your hotels, transport and any other things in a single transaction, which can of course put savings in the customers pocket as well as earning Sun Country Airlines a bit of extra money.  In the future you will also be able to book hertz car rental in the same transaction.

If you are looking for cheap flights to overseas destinations then you should look no further than making a booking through Sun Country Airlines, particularly if you want to fly to England. You should be able to find cheap tickets on the internet.

Travel Reykjavik

the city of ReykjavikReykjavik is the capital city of Iceland. For this very reason many people travel to this place every year from all over the world. The city is vast but many of the tourist opportunities can be found in one central location. You will be amazed at the beauty of the rather modern houses, you really will experience the Scandinavian way of life when you visit.

Travel to Reykjavik is fairly simple, although for a large capital city the airport is located quite a way out of town. You will be looking for flights that head to Keflavik International Airport, this is around 50km from the city. You should be able to grab a bus to the city from here. The bus ride will take around 45 minutes and takes you to the city centre.

Once in Reykjavik you will most likely want to stay within the city centre where most hotels are located, you should be able to tackle everything on foot. Although if you want to head slightly further away and travel to different places then the bus system is fairly reliable. You can also hire a car, although if you are not heading outside of Reykjavik this isn’t a necessity. It is vital if you want to visit other places in Iceland during your stay however.

The buildings of the city are very colourful due to the lack of planning that has gone into them. Many of the buildings are actually fairly old structures that have been covered by coloured sheet metal. The houses of people actually make a rather wonderful tourist attraction. There are a number of highlights however. The first is the Alþingi which is the government building or the old one at least. I suggest checking this out, although tours at this time are not possible. Don’t forget to make space to visit the Cathedral and the City Hall, both are architectural wonders in their own right. I suggest heading the Perlan. This place is a viewing platform that offers delightful views over the city. At certain times of the year you may also find ‘The Peace Tower’ turned on. This tower was created by Yoko Ono as a lasting tribute to John Lennon.

There are many museums throughout the city suiting nearly every interest. One particular highlight is the national museum of Iceland. I also suggest paying a visit to the Reykjavik Museum of Photography for a slightly different experience.

Boats regularly leave from the city to take you on Whale Watching tours, this is an experience you will not be able to find in most other countries in the world. This is the top of the list of ‘must do’ whilst in the city. There is also a zoo to visit if you have a number of young children that you wish to keep entertained.

You shouldn’t be short of places to eat or drink, Reykjavik is full of them and there won’t be far to travel to reach either from your hotel.

Reykjavik in Iceland may not be top of the list for most people to travel to in their lifetimes. Those that do however get to experience how unique and beautiful this city is. Many return time and time and again to take in all the wonders.

Oslo Northern Culture


Oslo by nightMany people seem to overlook the Scandinavian countries for a holiday, however this area is absolutely packed full of fantastic things to do, in fact these countries are some of the most beautiful in the world. If you have yet to visit the Capital City of Norway then I suggest you travel to Oslo now and experience various wonders that can only be found in this city.

Norway is a fairly large country, the population is also incredibly sparse. Despite being a capital city Oslo retains a great deal of ‘quaintness’ often associated with much smaller places. If you travel here you will able to experience a quiet and relaxing holiday with not many people around whilst having all the benefits of a major city right at your fingertips.

The popular misconception is that Scandinavian countries are al cost constantly cold, whilst this may be true in the winter months during the rest of the year Oslo temperatures in Oslo can become rather high.  Rainfall in this area is higher than other places however so do not expect the type of vacation where you can hang out whilst soaking in the rays.

The architecture within Oslo is some of the most diverse in Norway. You have a subtle blend of both original 19th Century buildings coupled with more modern affairs. A quick walk through any part of town will subject you to some of the most beautiful buildings that you would have seen in your life. It isn’t all about the city buildings however, Oslo boasts four open green spaces which you can kick back and relax in should the city life become too much.

Due to being the capital city of Oslo the government are located right in the heart of the city. You can visit their grouped offices called ‘Regjeringskvartalet’ close to their main parliamentary buildings. Norwegians are also fairly proud of their royal heritage, the royal palace can also be found located within the city walls.

For the tourist travelling to Oslo it is incredibly easy to move around, many of the major tourist destinations can be reached on foot whilst slightly more out of the way places can be reached by a well-run transport system. There are Bus Links to almost everywhere in Norway with a few select routes also taking passengers to the countries of Sweden or Denmark located close by.

Oslo is a cultural centre. It is packed to the brim with art galleries and museums for the budding tourist to spend day whiling away in. One of the most popular highlights is the ‘Munch Museum’ where the world famous painting ‘The Scream’ is located, this particular piece of artwork is worth the trip alone. In the evening you have a variety of night clubs and sports venues to spend the time in.

If you are looking for a vacation in an area that most people seem to give a skip then I suggest travelling to Oslo. Within just a few hours you will be able to experience the beauty of this capital city located right in the heart of Norway.

A Trip to Copenhagen

Lovely CopenhagenResearch conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has discovered that Denmark contains some of the happiest people on earth. Why, you ask? Plan a trip to the largest city in Denmark and find out! Copenhagen, which is also the capital of Denmark, has been described by tourists as laid back, contemporary and pleasantly enticing. This enchanting city offers tourists a large variety of activities, including tourist friendly bars, restaurants, an abundant array of sightseeing options and a rich history to explore – one museum at a time.

Many who research Copenhagen already know about the famous statue of The Little Mermaid, which is based on a story written by an acclaimed local fairy tale writer and poet, Hans Christian Andersen. The statue is relatively small in size and is located on the harbour in the capital. Sculpted by Edvard Eriksen, this icon was first erected in 1913. This praised landmark stands at a little over four feet tall and weighs 386 lbs.

A canal tour is a tourist favourite at Copenhagen’s Nyhavn district, with companies such as DFDS Canal Tours offering daily tours of the harbour and various canals. Private tours are available at a higher price as well. Visitors enjoy the casual yet mesmerizing atmosphere as they soak in the charming views the city has to offer. Jazz cruises, wine-and-dine cruises, operetta boats and grand tours are just some of the various genres of tours available to foreigners looking for a unique experience on the waters in the Copenhagen district.

Frederick’s Church, also known as The Marble Church, is a 1740 must see. Originally designed by the Danish architect Nicolai Eigtved, its dome is supported by 12 columns. Reopened during 1894 after political turmoil, it’s current design is the work of Ferdinand Meldahi.  Inscribed above the colossal columns is the sentence, “the word of the Lord endureth forever.”

If you are looking for unconventionally-styled architecture, look no further than the Palads Cinemas, where you can marvel at the odd but whimsical colors of the building before choosing a movie or live event from the large selection of entertainment this cinema provides. Containing seventeen different halls, this popular selection among tourists is able to show 3D movies and holds a number of various ballet and sporting events. They even have genres catering to small children and other younger age groups. If you are looking for fun for the whole family, you will find it at Palads Cinemas.

For a bustling and lively shopping experience, head on over to the shopping centre at Stroget. This Copenhagen shopping street includes five streets of various tourist shops, clothing stores and other small shops. While strolling down these vivacious streets, music will fill your ears from the sounds of street musicians who regularly play at this shopping centre.

If most of your trip in Copenhagen is by foot, you will have a more pleasant experience with a detailed map of Copenhagen that lists the various museums, shops, and tourist attractions. It is a city where there is something for everyone if you know where to look.

Travelling to Zagreb, Croatia

Zagreb CroatiaIn 1094, two Hungarian villages emerged in the area that today comprises Zagreb. After surviving destruction by Mongol invaders 150 years later, and an ongoing rivalry between the two settlements, the two villages finally united as one in the face of invasion by the Turks. By the 16th century, the two were being commonly referred to as Zagreb, and the sabor—the Croatian parliamentary body that still exists today—had been formed. During this time, Zagreb began to be considered as the “capital” of the surrounding land, and by the early 17th century, Croatian viceroys were ruling with the city as their seat of power. After a lengthy period of hardship during the 17th and 18th centuries, Zagreb once again became the dominant city in the region in the 1800s. During this time the city welcomed new technology such as rail roads, plumbing, and gasworks. When the area was a part of Yugoslavia, Zagreb was second only to Belgrade in population. When Croatia declared independence in 1991, Zagreb was made the capital.

Today, Zagreb is home to a rich history and cultural heritage, and the city hosts plenty of museums, galleries, performance halls, and a thriving café society. Nearly 700,000 people live in the city as of current, with over 1.1 million living in the wider Zagreb metropolitan area. To travel to the city nowadays, flights are available from all the major cities of Europe. Croatia Airlines offers flights from most Western and Eastern European countries, as well as Russia and Israel. As the capital of the country, Zagreb is well connected to nearby population centres by both bus and train as well. Bus service is available from Austria, Italy, the Czech Republic, Germany, and Switzerland. Short flights, train routes, and bus services are available from Zagreb to the country’s other population centres as well, such as Pula, Split, Dubrovnik, and Zadar. To travel within the city, visitors can access the Zagreb Tram system, or the widespread bus service. Special tourist bus routes run through the city too.

Sightseeing is a popular pastime for visitors to Zagreb. The rich cultural history means that there are plenty of ancient monuments that can be enjoyed. Most tourists like to begin a tour of the city at Ban Jelacic Square. This square is home to two important sights. In the centre of the square stands a statue of Ban (Viceroy) Josip Jelacic, a national hero who led an uprising against the Hungarians in the mid-19th century. Also in the square is Mandusevac Fountain. While in the square, enjoy one of the many side-walk cafes for a relaxing meal or drink. Not far from the square stand the two Neo-Gothic spires of the Zagreb Cathedral. As with many European monuments, this cathedral has been continuously under refurbishment for centuries, with the oldest parts dating from the 1200s. The vibrant Dolac market is near the cathedral, where locals and visitors alike can purchase produce and craft items. The Stone Gate of Zagreb is another popular destination. With a mural of the Virgin Mary, the gate escaped destruction in an 18th century fire, and is now revered. Other ancient monuments to see include the Lotrscak Tower, the Presidential Palace, the Sabor, and St. Mark’s Church.

The city is also home to a number of museums that are likely to be of interest. These range from major institutions to more niche and quirky museums. The Museum of Contemporary Art is home to a selection of permanent modern art as well as revolving exhibitions. The Archaeological Museum has one of the largest collections of prehistoric artefacts in Europe, as well as pieces from Classical, Medieval, and Ancient Egyptian times. The Museum of Broken Relationships is a quirkier museum that features donated contemporary artefacts from all over the world, each with an accompanying story of how the piece relates to a bygone relationship. This museum has toured the world, including a lengthy stay in London, and won the European Museum Award in 2011 for most innovative museum. The Mimara Museum features the private collection of Ante Topic Mimara, a famous art collector and benefactor who was notorious for having apparently acquired many paintings illegally during the turbulent times of World War II. Works on display include pieces by painters such as Renoir, Degas, Manet, and Caravaggio.

Many excellent day trips are available with Zagreb as a starting point. As Zagreb is the capital of the country, routes originating in the city cover the countryside like spokes from the central hub of a wheel. Samobor is a popular destination, as it is a beautiful pastoral town that is located just 15 or so miles from Zagreb. By bus, a trip to Samobor takes only 30 minutes. The main square is a popular point to visit, and is full of side-walk cafes and eateries. The town is famous for making a custard cake that is popular throughout the country: samoborska kremsnita. Varazdin, to the north of Zagreb, is another excellent city to visit. During the hard times of the 17th and 18th centuries, this city was the capital of the region, and so has its own legacy of history and cultural heritage. Spancirfest, the country’s largest open-air festival, is held in Varazdin annually. A final popular day trip is to the Croatian coast of the Mediterranean. Coastal resorts such as Opatija, Novi Vindolski, and Krk are perfect destinations for overnight stays.  The official site for Zagreb is here

Touring Kiev, Ukraine

kiev UkraineWhen you are planning your next travel destination, why not consider going to Kiev, Ukraine? With beautiful architecture and a rich and historical culture, Kiev may just be your new favourite vacation of all time. Kiev is the capital city of Ukraine and has a long and varied eastern European history. As you can see there, it is on the Dnieper river in the north central region of Ukraine. Kiev has a hot summer and cold winter climate. The temperatures range from 59 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer, and between 17 and 28 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter – with an average chance of unseasonably warm or cold temperatures in both seasons. Kiev is very much an urban, industrialized city with lots of highly developed infrastructure and a fairly large population (estimated to be anywhere from 2.7 to 4 million inhabitants). The Kiev visitor website also says the city is famous for its very beautiful women.

Once you get to Kiev, there are many ways to get around the city. The most unusual, and – for many, most interesting – method of transportation is the funicular. This is a cross between a subway and a train that climbs almost vertically up the right bank of the Dnieper river. Taxi service is widely available in Kiev – however, this is a private system and is not very well regulated, so fares vary widely. There are also many private citizens that use their personal vehicles to provide this service. It would be an adventure, to say the least. There is no longer a riverboat transportation system in place in Kiev, but private pleasure boats are allowed. Bus transportation is highly suspect as crime is high on these and the schedules are rarely kept to. Private minibus transportation may occasionally be off schedule but are very safe and is a much quicker method of travel. There is a large network of railways throughout Kiev that is quite efficient and easy to use.

A multitude of beautiful sites and interesting views line the streets of Kiev. It is actually said that you can walk from one end of Kiev to the other without ever having to leave the shade of its trees. There are two lovely botanical gardens as well as numerous large and small parks for you to enjoy nature in. There is an outdoor museum called the “Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine” that offers a small historical village and many fun activities for the family. Many events and festivals are planned throughout the year, and you are able to check with the Kiev visitor website for details on times and dates. Kiev has many beautiful and historical churches to visit. One of particular note is St. Michael’s Gold-Domed Monastery. As you may suspect from the name, there are some beautiful golden domes on the top of this building. You are also able to visit the Chernobyl Museum and view many fascinating and moving displays with or without hiring an English speaking guide.

Kiev has many options for places to stay during your visit. From low cost small motels to larger, more extravagant hotels, you will be able to find something to fit your needs and budget. The Opera Hotel is a five-star luxury hotel located at the crossroads of the historical and business districts of Kiev. The Opera Hotel has some very neat themed rooms, a gourmet restaurant right in the hotel, and specialized areas for the needs of business travellers. Another notable lodging choice is the Pharaon Hotel. This is a boat hotel on the Dnipro river and is located close to the centre of the city. There is a Mediterranean restaurant located in the hotel and a bar in the lobby. Arguably the most beautiful, and a personal favourite for many, is the Premier Palace Hotel. This is another five-star hotel and is located in the heart of Kiev. A very historical hotel, it was built in the late 19th/early 20th century. The architecture is simply breathtaking and an absolute must see for any tourist.

There are many places to eat in Kiev. Of course there are the standard fast food chains and eating places. Let’s talk about some of the places that offer traditional Ukrainian foods first, which tend to combine fresh, pickled, and smoked ingredients. The first place of note is Shynok. This restaurant offers not only traditional Ukrainian food, but also traditional décor, furniture, and a traditional experience. The Pervak is another excellent place to get traditional Ukrainian cuisine. However, this restaurant only offers a lunch menu and it is a set menu – which means you are not able to select what you would like to eat. You are also able to find sources of excellent Italian, Georgian, Vietnamese, Chinese, and Japanese cuisine as well. Of note is Hanoi. Hanoi serves both Japanese and Vietnamese food in a lovely setting. Be prepared to pay for it, though, as Hanoi’s prices are not on the low end. Kiev offers such a varied and excited travel opportunity there is no reason you shouldn’t, at the very least, consider visiting there for your next vacation.

Berne, Switzerland

Travelling to Berne, Switzerland

Berne SwitzerlandWhat a rare treat to be able to experience the beauty that is Berne, Switzerland. Get your map of Berne out and get ready for the adventure of a lifetime. Considered one of the best cities in terms of quality of life, Berne is number 4 in terms of population density as compared with other cites in Switzerland. Typically, a dialect known as Bernese German is the spoken language in the area. Most people in the city speak German, with Italian as a second language. In some cases, you will hear someone speak French. Situated to the west of centre Switzerland, Berne rests a section of the Swiss plateau. To the south are the majestic Bernese Alps. With pleasant weather year round Berne is a delightful city. The summers are mild with temperatures rarely getting above 75 degrees. Winters are also mild with temperatures normally not going below about 30 degrees. This is a true jewel of Europe and beckons visitors from all over the world.

When you travel to Berne, Switzerland expect to be surrounded by culture, with a multitude of festivals, as well as many cinemas and theatres. Some examples of local festivals include the Buskers Festival, and the Gurten festival. For music lovers there is also the Internationales Jazz Festival Bern. Theatres abound in Berne, with such well-known venues as Schlachthaus Theatre, Bern Theater, Tojo Theatre, and Narrenpack Theatre Bern. With Switzerland having such a rich and diverse cultural history, it is little wonder that so many culturally inclined tourists choose to spend their holiday among the sights and sounds of Berne, Switzerland. This is an inviting community with warm and friendly people who are proud to call Berne, Switzerland home. Once you have had the opportunity to explore this wonderful city you will likely agree too that it is surely one of the rare true gems of Europe. With a map of Berne in hand you will be endlessly amazed and awe struck by all this culturally abundant area has to offer each and every visitor, young and old alike.

For those who find solace in museum tours, Berne, Switzerland has a nice cross section of excellent museums. A few examples include the Swiss Alpine Museum, the PTT, Historisches Museum, the Art Museum and Art History Center of Berne, as well as the Federal Archives of Switzerland. Berne also boasts some quite truly dramatic and artistically pleasing fountains. Any visit to Berne, Switzerland would not be complete with first seeing fountains such as Gerechtigkeits Fountain, Kreuzgassbrunnen Fountain, Lauferbrunnen Fountain, Simsonbrunnen Fountain, as well as Pfeiferbrunnen Fountain. These beautifully sculptured water works of art are stunning and often dramatic in design as well as function. In your travels be sure to visit each of these highly artistic works of art. There is nothing more enjoyable than strolling down a city lane in Berne, Switzerland and stumble across a beautiful and stately fountain. The images and impressions of Switzerland will stay with you for a long time, well after your holiday tour has ended and you have returned home.

At the heart of Berne is the city centre with a rather medieval appeal this building has the distinction of being a World Heritage Site. One of the most photographed and most well known structures in Berne is perhaps the Zyglogge. The name Zyglogge actually translates to “Time Bell” and it has its roots in the Bernese German language. The Zyglogge is a ornate and striking clock with medieval overtones. The clock includes in its make-up a display of moving puppets, as well. With so much to offer, the city of Berne is a destination that deserves serious consideration when your travel plans call for a trip to Europe. In addition to all that the city makes available, there is also a long list of breathtaking bridges, including such structures as Neubrugg bridge, Untertorbrucke bridge, Halenbrucke bridge, as well as Kornhausbrucke bridge. All these bridges are unique and each has a personality all its own. Many of the bridges can accommodate those wishing to walk across, and driving is always an option too. Berne is a special place indeed, and these wonderful bridges are just further confirmation.

Exploring further into the Berne way of life, you will no doubt want to see the many varied and dramatic places of worship located through out the city. A few examples of the attractive church architecture you will see include such places as Swiss Reformed Paulus Church, Christ Catholic Church of St.Peter and Paul, Swiss Reformed Heilliggeist Church, and the Catholic Church of Bruder Klaus. Perhaps the most well known of churches in the Berne area is Munster Cathedral. The Munster of Berne is situated in the old city and was built in 1421. The cathedral is the tallest in all of Switzerland and its tower is over 100 feet in height. With awe inspiring stained glass this is a absolute must see while in Switzerland. There has never been a better time to visit Switzerland, with all its culture and old world feel, it is a place you will always remember. Set your sights on Berne, and make travel plans, because this will be a trip you will remember for decades. Perhaps the best part of Berne is its wonderfully friendly and genuine people. You will be greeted and welcomed everywhere you go in Berne. This is the perfect time to go and explore the wonders Berne has to offer.

The Way of St. James

Emerging in medieval times, the Way of St. James (El Camino de Santiago) is an excursion of nearly 800 kilometres across Northern Spain in order to arrive at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, where many believe the remains of Saint James lie. There are many locations to begin the journey apart from that of Spain, throughout Europe and even within North Africa, which partially explains the use of a scallop shell to symbolize the pilgrimage. Some believe that El Camino de Santiago provides a form of absolution of sin and penance, but even the non-religious may partake and enjoy. Way of St JamesAlthough originally the Way of St. James served as a trade route to the Atlantic, it now represents a religious pilgrimage highly popularized by international attention and reverence. People from across the globe partake in the Way of St. James, making it a culturally diverse and significant site; UNESCO named El Camino de Santiago as a World Heritage Site, and ever since it has represented a journey of heritage and accomplishment. Today, devout Christians and tourists alike, numbering in the tens of thousands, hike and/or cycle this route for cultural reflection, personal enjoyment, or for the challenging nature of the endeavour.

Between the 8th and 12th centuries, the Way of St. James was organized primarily in religious context. Pope Calixtus II is named as responsible for the rise in popularity through his Codex, which writings of are still used in guidebooks of the route. Many original pilgrims were French, and as such those routes were explicitly protected by the Kingdom of France. As more people began to make the journey, hostels and other forms of

Different types of Scallop Shell Markers

Scallop Shell Markers
Different types of Scallop Shell Markers

accommodation for pilgrims was somewhat industrialized by the Spanish crown. Many pilgrims were given accommodations through churches, such as free meals or places of rest and reflection, and made the journey much more affordable for those who could not pay for the profiteering accommodations established by Spanish royalty. Much of the architecture established along the route during this time still remains today, in conjunction with the traditions and culture that developed as a result of El Camino de Santiago. This allowed for the route to become tourist-like in nature, and now travellers can purchase souvenirs and other products to commemorate their experience. One of these souvenirs is a scallop shell, which one can tie to their backpack or belongings as a symbol of their sacrifice and alliance with the history attached to the route.

The scallop shell has become an archetypal symbol for the Way of St. James because of legend and also the metaphor of the journey as it has developed over the past millennia. Found on the coast of Galicia, the shell serves culturally as a reminder of the history of the route as well as a tradition for those partaking in the journey. As legend has it, St. James’ body washed up on the Galician coast protectively covered in scallop shells, which is the origin of the symbol of El Camino de Santiago. Pilgrims would wear the shell as a symbol of devotion to the journey in hopes of safe passage, which is argued to have warded off thieves and provided tangible safety for the travellers. More so, the shell metaphorically represents the many different places one might embark on the journey from, but all roads lead to one solitary point at the base of the shell. Historians also say that scallop shells were very practical for pilgrims to carry in that they served as a bowl for eating or drinking. Either way, scallop shells are highly significant to the journey aesthetically, and travellers today demonstrate their accomplishment and commitment by displaying a shell on their backpacks or their person.

Originally the Way of St. James was longer than 750 km, although most modern-day participants travel at least 300 km during their trek. Its popularity has sky rocketed since the 1980’s, and even a number of Popes have made the passage. There are many places that one can begin this journey, and for many it is considered to start at one’s home, and end at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Today, those desiring to embark on El Camino de Santiago must first obtain a Pilgrim’s Passport, which may be purchased through a church or tourist agency. These passports grant cheap and sometimes free accommodations including meals and overnight stay at many hostels and monasteries. Within the passport, the traveller receives stamps to mark their distance travelled along the Way. After walking at least 100 km or cycling 200 km, a modern-day pilgrim can receive a compostela, which is essentially a certificate of completion for the Way of St. James. Upon arriving at the Cathedral, one could attend Pilgrim’s Mass which is held there at noon daily for travellers; though Catholic by nature, this part of the experience represents accomplishment and reverence for those who made the journey, in which even the non-religious can enjoy participation.

Overall, the Way of St. James has provided both a tourist getaway as well as religious source of reverence for hundreds of thousands of people. Though no easy feat, El Camino de Santiago represents a sacrifice of personal endeavour that is much more significant that merely one of religion – it has granted personal reflection for countless individuals and has served as a road of personal discovery for many. It takes the average traveller about three weeks to complete the route, and although thousands are able to accomplish it, the adventure may not be for the faint-hearted (or footed). Over one hundred thousand people each year since the 2000’s have accomplished this remarkable journey, and it stands as one of the world’s most culturally renowned sites. The incredible amount of physical endurance and motivation a traveller must possess to complete the Way of St. James is arguably outweighed by the physical beauty of the route; additionally, the historical passage through Spain has connected numerous cultures throughout the ages. It is highly encouraged that tourists, environmental enthusiasts, and devout Christians alike partake in the adventure of El Camino de Santiago as a means of self-realization and personal spirituality; additionally, it is an affordable way to enjoy cultural heritage and majesty of Northern Spain.

Tour Berlin

Berlin wallEnjoy the travel experience in Berlin

If one is looking for the best travel Europe experience then they should definitely consider going to the German city of Berlin. This city is one of the sixteen cities that make up the great republic that is Germany. Germany has had both a good and bad historical past that has changed the entire international aspect in regards to politics and social issues. It has been the focal spot for tourists who want to understand the chequered history of Germany. It boasts of a population of around three to four million citizens and is the largest city in Germany. Like many other great cities in the world Berlin has a well developed tourism economy that see it pulling in tourist from all over the world. This great city has good infrastructure that allows the easy movements of people and products across various parts of the city. The rich history that this city has is primarily what attracts the tourists who flock in every year. The tourists come to tour and get a sample of the historical background of the city not to mention visit all the favourite tourist destination spots. With well-developed transport infrastructure and a thriving tourism sector, Berlin is one of the most famous places to visit around the world.

It is very important that a city that attracts so many visitors to have a well defined infrastructure. The transportation of the tourist to the various tourist sites should be done in a smooth and effective manner. There should be adequate transport to be able to cope with the large numbers of tourist who will flock the city. The hotels that the city has should range from the most exclusive ones to the ones that are tailor made for the European traveller on a budget. This will ensure that everyone is taken care off. If the city does not invest heavily in making all these preparations then it is likely going to miss the tourism industry. However you must get a good map of Berlin to help you get around.

Berlin definitely has all these amenities and thus is one of the hottest destination spots for tourists. The city is the second most populated city in the entire European Union and still is able to handle the large number of tourists who visits this great city. This is because of the sophisticated planning, which the city put into the infrastructure of the tourism industry. This is one of the reasons why it is such a great city to visit.

The travelling historian who is staying in Berlin will be greatly entertained and educated by the rich history that this German city has to offer. One will be entertained by tales of when Berlin used to belong to the kingdom of Persia and then to the German empire and how the city became divided after the Second World War. Very few cities in the world have had such a great role in the international field of political and social-economical issues. It was the focal point when the Second World War was in full swing. It is a city that has seen both great destruction and unparalleled growth in terms of social and economical issues. Many would not believe when they visit this modern city that it was once almost completely destroyed during the Second World War. The traveller will simply be amazed at how this city picked itself up from the rubble and developed into this ultra modern city. The tale of how this city was able to develop is a tale of how people can overcome hurdles placed in their path. The occupants of this German city are the true movers of the city’s development. They are the ones who have enabled this great German city to develop into a robust economy that attracts thousands of tourists every year. One will be experiencing this kind of rich tour experience when they decide to spend their holidays in this great city of Germany.

Perhaps what Berlin is most famous for is the great Berlin wall that separated Germany into East and West Germany from 1961 till 1989. This wall was caused by the ideological and political differences that the two sides had. The wall and all that it resembled is a tourist attraction spot for anyone who comes to visit this great city. The collapse of the wall was witnessed all over the world. This event represented yet another historical moment of human perseverance and triumph over adversity.

This rich and diverse history is exactly why millions of people will flock this city every year and look at the remains of the Berlin wall. Berlin is a city that has got a diverse culture and a thriving community of diverse individuals that help to boost the image of the city on the world map. It is a place where memorable touring experiences can be created and will leave the visitor feeling well satisfied by the whole experience. From great museums to historical suite to a thriving night-life, Berlin is definitely one of the major tourist destination spots in the world.

Explore the great sites of London

London Big BenBritain is a great country that has some of the hottest tourist attraction cities like London that are flocked by tourist each and every year. Many critics and tourist site reviewers will agree that London is one of the major destination places when it comes to tourism. People go to tour this city with such a rich history. Britain is well known for its intense history and this is what makes the tourist flock this great city each and every year. It is said that London attract over thirty million tourist each year this it has earned the bragging rights to be called one of the most famous city in the world. Tourist all over the world know of the various hot places that they can visit when they come to Britain and will always make a point of visiting the city of London, a great map of London comes in handy here. The large number of hot tourist destination spots that this city has to offer always thrills the tourists who come to explore this great city. There are museums that house some of the most famous paintings not to mention the fact that they also have records of the city’s long and rich history. For those tourists who love history London is definitely the place to visit. The good thing about many of the museums that are found in this city is that they offer free admission into the museums. This means that the tourist does not have to worry about admission into the museums and can even reduce the amount of money that they spend while touring the museums. Famous museums like the British Museum boast of an art collection that is rivalled by very few other museums. It is said that this museum houses over seven million different art exhibits within its walls. This is a great incentive for the tourist who loves to view art and is one of the reasons why this great city attracts so many people. The exhibits that are found in this museum are not only rich in the history of Great Britain, but they also cover other great cities like Egypt and Rome. The art exhibition is a historical background into the development of the human race from the ancient times to these modern times. It is a celebration of the development of human culture and will entertain and teach anyone who goes to see the great collection. From the world’s oldest mummy to the ancient Roman Empire, there is indeed something for everyone to view and be entertained. To add icing to the whole cake, the British Museum is open seven days of the week and what’s more is that its admission is free to the public.

For the lovers of literature there is something that they will enjoy immensely when they visit the great city of London. In the various museums that this city has to offer, they will get to view ancient texts and classical novels that were written by great artistes of the past. They will be able to view original documents of great writers and have one of the most memorable holidays of their lives. From the master play writer William Shakespeare to the great author Oscar Wilde, they will be able to view original work that will leave them spell bound and yearning to come back for more. The tourist attractions that London has to offer also include the Buckingham palace, which is the mantelpiece of the whole British royal family. This place has withstood various wars and has weathered the storm of time to stand as a living testament to the rich history of Britain.

There is no point of going to the city of London and not stopping over at the Buckingham palace for a quick visit. Like the pyramids of Egypt or the great wall in chine, Buckingham palace is famous around the world and every tourist who visits this makes sure that they at least visit this great tourist attraction site. The amazing things about the Buckingham palace is that it is still being used in these modern times and one can literary feel the history that the walls have if one takes a walk down its historical corridors. Another important landmark in this city is the tower of London. This fortress has the crown jewels of England, which are a symbol of England’s sovereignty and rich history. The crown jewels have been there for a very long time and have been handed down the royal family over the generations. They are a symbol of England pride and rich historical background.

From theatre and arts to historical landmarks and sites, there is definitely something for anyone who visits London to look at and marvel. One will be able to enjoy their vacation more if they select some of the most popular places to visit and concentrate on them. Since the vacation is limited, one will not be able to exhaust all the tourist destination places that London has to offer. A good guidebook and a good plan of the sites that one wants to see will ensure that the limited time one has is used in the most appropriate manner possible.

Make sure you get a great map of the Tube (London’s underground railway). The tube is the easiest way to get around and there are stations near all the main tourist attractions.

Tour the Ancient sites in Rome

Rome ColosseumWhen one mentions the great city of Rome then what comes to mind is the rich history that the city has to offer. The number of people from outside of Italy who go to this city for their holidays is huge and this is because of the various tourist attraction sites that this great city has to offer. The history of this Roman city cannot be separated from the history of the Roman Empire. The rise and domination of the Roman Empire is something that has fascinated many people around the world. Even in today’s modern world, there are still discoveries that are being made by archaeologist that increase the appeal of Rome as a tourist destination spot. This city has been rated by many tourist magazines as one of the most famous places to tour. The number of historical treasures that this city has is incalculable and this is the reason that lovers of history and art flock this city every year. Rome is said to be the third most popular destination place in the entire European Union. It has a registered number of around twenty million tourists every year and this number is expected to increase in the coming years.

The charm and charismatic nature of Rome is one of the reasons that millions of tourist come to this city. Among the popular attraction spots in this city, there is the number of countless museums that have art and historical content that date back to the Roman Empire. The churches and the historical buildings that are in the city are another reason why many people decide to go and vacation in this city. The catacombs and the Roman Forum are just some of the many historical ruins that attract the huge masses of tourist each year.

There is no single tourist who will claim that they would not like to go and see the historical sites that Rome has to offer. The Vatican museums offer one the chance to learn and experience the development of the Roman Catholic Church. The tours that these great establishment offers are guaranteed to amaze and delight the tourist and keep them yearning for more tours. This is what this ancient city has to offer to the tourism world. Apart from the archaeological sites and the historical ruins, Rome is known for its diverse and very rich culture. The experience that the tourist will take away from this city will ensure that they have only praises to talk of when they are asked how their experience was. Get yourself a good map of Rome that points out all the archaeological sites.

In the ancient times, this great city was the focal point for a huge western civilization. This city was rich in terms of the culture that it had and was the political and social economical hot spot for the entire Roman Empire. This meant that this city was the one place in the entire empire that attracted all the important cultural activities that were going on at that time.

When the history of the Christian faith is being discussed, the city of Rome is not far from the discussion. This is because of the important function that this city played in the development of the Christian faith. The remnants of the development of the Christian faith can be traced directly to this great city. It is here that important events that have had lasting effects took place. It is here that the history of the Christian faith was shaped and molded. When a city boasts of having such a tremendous effect on such a pivotal part of the human culture, then it is not surprising that it will attract a lot of attention. The head of the entire Roman Catholic Church resides in this great city. Thousands of visitors come to pay their respects to the pope who resides in the Vatican. Millions of visitors will simply come to Rome to be part of the various important events that mark the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church.

The city was and still is one of the hub spots of culture, history, philosophy arts and other important political and social happenings in the world. The city attracts all these different elements due to the diversity and the rich history that this city has. If one wants to see sites that will amaze them, and leave them in awe of the ingenuity and the sophistication that the ancient civilization had, then they should definitely visit this ancient city. The Coliseum ruins are still in existence. This historical site will delight the tourist. The ruins have been able to withstand the test of time and are a tribute to the past civilization. Places like ST Peters Basilica and Capitoline Museums are attracting tourists from all over the world. It cannot be disputed that a trip to Rome is something that the tourist will immensely enjoy and that it will be worth their while to spend time in this great city

Athens – The Ancient Wonder

Wonderful Ancient Athens

Athens acropolis The city of Athens is the Capital of Greece that boasts of numerous things that attract visitors including some of the world’s best tourist attractions. Visitors who tour Athens are come to experience the monuments that Athens offers as well as explore the tourism industry. As such the city which is also known as a primary tourist attraction within Europe guarantees visitors who are drawn from the different parts of the world memorable holidays. The attractions of Athens are just a section of the numerous historical as well as other natural wonders. In fact, Athens’ glory is in its splendid past as well as its role in the classical history. While in Athens, visitors get to explore the exciting, vibrant and charming city who are spoilt for choice on the attractions and activities to engage in as the town brings together a cocktail of traditional, cultural as well as historical treasures. The experience is made even better especially for individuals who are on holidays by the presence of well trained tour guides from various tour companies who supply information on the various places and monuments that visitors opt to visit alongside the history of Athens itself. Notably, a majority of the museums and monuments in Athens have their origin in the period of the wake of civilization. As such, Athens is capable of satisfying it visitors of diverse ages, groups and civilizations because of the diversity of the attractions, accommodation and shopping experience. Every person who intends to travel to Athens ought to be aware of the best places to see so that they do not miss a thing. Some of the a must see attractions of Athens include the acropolis and the Parthenon, the national archaeological museum, the cape sounion and the temple of Poseidon, the Piraeus, the Plaka and the night life.

The National Archeological Museum offers the grandeur of the Greek culture which dates back from the Minoans and Cycladic Island civilization as well as Mycenaeans to the present. This museum is home to ancient Greek jewellery, sculpture, pottery as well as Antikythera Device. That is, the a computer that is over 2000 years old which tells of the technological developments in Greece. The museum is one among many that tourists as well as locals may visit. Fans of coins may on the other hand be fascinated by the Nuimismatic museum while Icon enthusiast will find pleasure visitng the Byzantine museum. Also, admirers of ancient warfare will find the War museum a great place to explore even though the museum is known to attract admirers of history and students alike. However it is the Benaki museum that adequately captures the transition from the ancient to Modern Greece.

The Acropolis and Parthenon is another attraction worth taking note of as it tells that story of the ancient Greek culture. The Acropolis museum is worth touring as it presents the opportunity to enjoy a breath taking view of the city of Athens that is dotted with Temples. The stunning building is overwhelming as it has great achievements for mankind. While here, visitors experience the archaeological sites such as Theatre of Herod Atticus, Ancient Agora and Keramiekos as well as Theatre of Dionysious.

Another attraction that is worth checking out while on your tour of Athens is the Piraeus, a port city that allows you to enjoy the sea’s blue waters and sights. Besides, a walk into the Piraeus Archeological museum makes your travel to Athens worth the while besides the numerous culinary delights that you will get to experience and enjoy. Also, Piraeus offers some of the best eating places. Also worth visiting is the Cape Sounion at the hill that overlooks the sea and is perched strategically at the Attiki Peninsula tip. While here, visitors also get to see the Temple of Poseidon that is an ancient place of worship that is now very popular among locals as well as tourists who travel to Athens. This temple has the graffiti of Lord Byron that art lovers admire. Moreover, the location of the temple comes with the advantage of allowing visitors to enjoy a breathtaking sunset against monuments and the view of the sea. Athens city is also known to have a lively night life as shops are usually open till late hence tourists do not need to worry about their safety. There are numerous other things that visitors to Athens may engage in. even then, it is advisable that visitors intending to check into hotels make their bookings in advance to ensure that there are less hassles during the actual trip. Where possible, last minute planning should be avoided at all costs because it goes a long way in determining how ell the trip will be enjoyed. It is in fact recommended that visitors liaise with tour companies in  Athens to make their experience smooth.


Tour wonderful MadridMadrid boasts of a good reputation as a frontrunner in finance, administration, politics as well as services that make it a cosmopolitan city. This capital of Spain is rich in architectural and historical marvels that are of artistic culture and important heritage. Madrid lies about 646 meters above sea level at the centre of the Iberian Peninsular. This city is an exemplary tour destination as you can get to explore a blend of both the modern and ancient infrastructure and art. It is among Europe’s most important cities with a diverse culture that is only second to very few cities around the world. In fact, it is ranked as a cultural city in the world, with many people coming to experience this cultural richness. In fact, some of the world renowned museums are found in Madrid among them The Prado Museum that has a great collection of paintings including the works of Goya, Valezquez, El Grecco and Rubbens among others.

Madrid is believed to be home to an estimated 73 museums which are dedicated to special spheres of knowledge. One of these museums that attract visitors coming to Madrid for holidays is the Prado museum that holds massive at galleries from different parts of the world. The museums hold art galleries that are exclusive showcasing contemporary art. The Reina Sofia National Art Centre makes a perfect example of this as it displays the works of famous artists such as Salvador Dali, Juan Giris and Picasso among others. Other attractions in Madrid include the huge parks that are especially ideal for family holidays as you can be sure of an unforgettable experience. Besides the opportunity to explore nature, visitors also get to enjoy walks and also feed some of the smaller animals in the green park. It is these parks that actually make Madrid to be ranked among capitals that are most green with the Casa de Campo, Juan Carlos I Park and the Retiro Park making an immense contribution to the same. It is because of these that a majority of tourists travel to Madrid.

One of the things that visitors to Madrid cannot go back without learning is the history of Madrid. It is believed that Madrid was proclaimed to be the capital of Spain during the reign of King Philip II. The Hapsburg Empire (Madrid de los Austrias ) is thus a great place to visit especially for history lovers as they not only get to experience by also explore the 15th and 16th Century lifestyle. This is also true for Plaza Mayor that is also referred to as the square and is a must visit location for tourists. In fact, this place considered to be among the tourist hotspots in Madrid.  Neighboring Plaza Mayor is a classically styled structure that dates back to the 17th century and an Old Baroque. The structure is known to be the home of the Royal Place. The Royal Place on the other hand is located close to Almudena Cathedral that was officially consecrated by Pope John Paul II in 1993. The Opera house too is located within this area. This is not all as the square is complete with several monumental structures such as Paseo del Arte and the Bank of Spain building, Palacio de las Telecommunicaciones that is used currently by the Post office and also the Cibeles and Neptuno fountains.

Of importance however, visitors must be keen to understand the seasons during which it is best to visit Madrid to avoid disappointments. Even then, Madrid is generally known to for its nice climate that is subtly warm. This is often reflected in its people who are accommodating, friendly and warm hence when you travel to Madrid you do not have to be afraid of any kind of hostility. Besides visiting museums and parks, your holidays in Madrid can be made better by attending a number of concerts, exhibitions, ballets, theatre productions and movie releases that make Madrid a powerhouse of entertainments matters. The Spanish cuisine is also something you want to try out while in Madrid as they offer a scrumptious traditional cuisine besides the international foods that are also served. There is also plenty of entertainment opportunities as the place has a number of pubs, bars as well as night clubs which make it an exciting experience altogether.

For those people who have a thing for fashion, Madrid is accommodating hence you can be sure that your trip will be worth the while. There are numerous stores that stock designer brands as well as other international establishments that make Madrid a favourable fashion destination of all time as well as a shoppers paradise. If you are travelling with your family and have children in your midst, you do not have to worry as they too can have fun at the famous Faunia theme park that offers extensive bio diversity. In conclusion, a trip to Madrid promises you nothing but the best.


Moscow a diamond in the rough

MoscowMoscow is known for its exotic beauty as well as number of attractions that are characteristic to Russia. As the capital of Russia, Moscow remains to be a hotspot for many tourists due to the presence of cultural sites, historical monuments, ports and museums that tourists come to explore while on holidays. As a matter of fact, the evenings in Moscow are nothing short of a memorable experience for those visitors who tour this city. A family vacation in Russia is will be incomplete without going through the history of this nation that is majestically showcased at the Tretyakov gallery in Moscow. Most of the visitors tour this gallery which is known for the country’s rich cultural heritage. There are numerous other attractions that Russia has to offer among them national parks, lakes as well as gardens. In fact, Russia’s Lake Baikal is one of the top most tourist spots and has consequently been ranked among the world’s natural wonders. Besides, it is also the among the world’s largest fresh water lakes. This lake is a haven for bird waters as it hosts various species of migratory birds each year. Another Russian tourist attraction is the Volga river that is also the largest if its kind in the whole of Europe.

Besides Moscow, visitors coming to Russia could also visit other popular Russian cities like the Golden Ring and Vladivostok. The city of Moscow hosts a number of prehistoric buildings, administrative offices, art galleries, parks and theaters. Some of the sights that tourists in Moscow explore include Kremlin, the Red square, the St. Basil cathedral, Cathedral of Christ the savior, Novodevichy convent, Poklonnaya mountain, Arbat, Kitai-Gorod, Europe square, Moscow university, Kuskovo estate, ostankino estate, arkhangelskoye among others.

Moscow is thus a great destination for tourists. Those intending to visit are usually advised to ensure proper planning of their holidays so that they have time to explore the vast attractions. This is because the city offers an experience that will remain on your memory for a long time. In fact, it is believed that people who find pleasure in exploring new places cannot resist Moscow. Among the notable places in Moscow include Kremlin that offers world class standards as it is also central to the Russian Government. Hence some of the notable structures that make up the Kremlin include government buildings, cathedrals, a beautiful palace and museums.

Another of Moscow’s popular places is the Red Square which is also close to Kremlin. The Red Square has a distinct feature that is St. Basil’s Cathedral that is painted in bright colors. Also worth visiting in Moscow is the Resurrection Gate especially those people who are on vacation. On the other hand for individuals whose interest is in theatre then they can consider visiting the famous Bolshoi theatre, one of the largest in Russia. Visitors who travel to Moscow are usually allowed in for shows as long as they have booked tickets before the shows. However, as expected, the tickets issued to tourists cost more than those sold to locals. As such it is better to make an online booking for your ticket. Moscow also has awesome market places that tourists who like shopping can also take advantage of as long as finances allow. Old Arbat is one among the many shopping places, that is characteristically busy hence you can be sure of finding crowds even though the experience is worthwhile. There is also a famous museum in Old Arbat.

Some of the interesting facts that visitors need to know is the fact that most of the buildings in Moscow were built in the same way so you need not be surprised when you come across buildings that are similar. A perfect example is the two blocks of flats as well as the two administrative buildings at the Moscow State University. This is besides a number of hotels and many other buildings that are similar to each other. Also worth noting is the fact that Moscow ranked among Europe’s most populated cities despite not being big like Paris, London or even Istanbul. Moreover, it is known to accommodate tourist of all sorts including those who intend to go on vacation with their friends and families. There are numerous hotels to accommodate all kinds of tourists and visitors ranging from the business visitors and those that are visiting purely for pleasure. In order to be safe and for ease of settling in upon arrival, you may make reservations prior to your visit at rates that are discounted. The reservations are usually done for the various levels of hotels ranging from the tourist class to the five star hotels that are luxurious. This can simply be done online and highly recommended especially during high season when almost all the places are usually booked.