Map of Europe

Europe Map 2023 and 2024 Map of Europe with Countries

Country Details

Europe, the second smallest continent, is compact and culturally diverse, comprising approximately 50 sovereign states. For instance, France, the largest country in Western Europe, is known for its cultural richness and Paris, its romantic capital city. Its iconic landmarks include the Eiffel Tower and Louvre Museum.

Germany, located in Central Europe, is the continent’s most populous nation. Berlin, its capital, combines a rich history with a vibrant contemporary culture. Its landmarks, like the Brandenburg Gate, and the remnants of the Berlin Wall, symbolize its turbulent past.

Italy, a Southern European country, is home to Rome, one of the world’s oldest cities, and the heart of the once mighty Roman Empire. Italy’s artistic and architectural treasures, including the Colosseum and the Vatican Museums, contribute significantly to its unique cultural identity.

Finally, in Northern Europe, countries like Sweden and Norway are renowned for their breathtaking natural landscapes, including fjords and vast forests. Their capital cities, Stockholm and Oslo, respectively, are notable for their modern design sensibility coexisting with historical architecture.

Political Landscape

The political map of Europe has been continually evolving, especially in the 20th century following two World Wars and the end of the Cold War. Today, the European Union (EU) is a dominant political entity, consisting of 27 member countries that voluntarily entered into a union to enhance economic cooperation.

Germany and France are among the founding members of the EU and have played significant roles in shaping its policies. Italy also joined at the inception, sharing the vision of a peaceful, united, and prosperous Europe.

Sweden, though part of the EU, has opted to retain its own currency, the Swedish Krona, instead of adopting the Euro. On the other hand, Norway is not a member of the EU but is part of the European Economic Area (EEA), which allows it to be part of the EU’s single market.

The political landscape of Europe is complex and interwoven with its rich history. These political relationships and alliances add another layer of understanding to a map of Europe with countries, providing insight into the continent’s past and current dynamics. The distinct political identities of the countries, despite being geographically close, contributes to the diverse tapestry that makes Europe unique.

Europe Map

Click on the Europe Map above to get a larger more detailed view

Europe Political Map 2023

With the year 2023 about to end we decided that it was time to add an updated version of our map of Europe. Physically, not a lot has changed from the beginning to the end of 2023. The Crimea is technically still part of Ukraine but it controlled by Russia and that situation doesn’t look like it will be resolved any time soon.

Google map of Europe


Europe Political Map
Europe Political Map

Physical Changes

The map of the European Union (EU) looks like it will be changing in 2020 with Boris Johnson winning the recent UK election. Prime Minister Johnson has promised to bring on Brexit early in 2020 which means we will have to update the EU map due to the United Kingdom (UK) leaving. Experts are saying that this could precipitate a break up of the UK in the near future. Scotland and it’s population did not vote for brexit and did not reflect the rest of the UK in voting in conservative Members of Parliament. By the end of 2020 we could see the Scottish MP’s moving towards another referendum to leave the UK and this time all the experts are expecting the leave vote to win. The other constituency that didn’t vote for brexit and is starting to distance itself from it’s British brethren is Northern Ireland. Boris Johnson’s plan to put a custom border in the middle of the Irish Sea has put offside the british unionists in Northern Ireland and there are signs that there is growing support for a union with the Irish Republic. ironically, Boris in his efforts to move the UK from the EU may have put the final nail in the coffin of the United Kingdom as we know it.

Demographic Changes

The biggest changes in the year 2020 are likely to be in demographics. While this won’t change the look of a physical map of Europe or even the political map of Europe, what it will do is change the ethnic populations of parts of the European Union. Brexit will cause all sorts of ramifications for British people who have purchased houses, land and businesses in the rest of Europe. Many of these people will be forced to head back home to the United Kingdom.

Financial Changes

It is hard to see how brexit is going to be good for economy of the UK and for that matter the economy of the EU in general. France and Germany are already eyeing off London’s claim on the European finance sector. Making it harder to sell goods and services into Europe which is Britain’s biggest external market place cannot be good for British business. Taxes and tariffs will be applied to most goods being sold into the EU from the Uk making them more expensive and making it harder for those goods and services to compete.

2020 was a turbulent year around the globe and 2020 is looking like it is not going to be much better. Here’s hoping that we are wrong. have good Christmas if you are celebrating it and have a fun and safe New Year. Love from the team at “”.

Political Map of Europe


We have a new Map of Europe and a World Map for 2024.

Above we have a massive map of Europe. The size of the map is 2500 pixels by 1761. To get the full view you need to click on the image and then click on the X in the top right corner. below are the Countries of Europe and the respective capital cities. Although we haven’t specifically highlighted the countries of the European Union Follow this link to see a map of the EU. We have now added a wonderful Physical map of Europe.

It is now 2019 and not a lot has changed. This map is probably still the best overall map of Europe on this site. Although we have added a map of Europe for 2019. We are making this page a big database of maps of Europe. So we are combining all the old maps onto one page.

While we believe the above political map of Europe is probably the best we have ever published. Here at we feel we need to bring our readers as many version of similar maps as possible. The CIA website has a massive database of maps and we have edited the large map at the CIA and cut out another version of a political map of Europe.

Even though it looks like this is a newer political map of Europe it really isn’t. It is just a portion of one of the oldest maps on the web.

Old Political map of Europe
Old Political map of Europe

Map of Europe


map of Europe with cities
map of Europe with cities

The map of Europe above is huge so click on it and then hit the little icon in the top right hand corner to make it enlarge to full size. It has the names of all the European countries and shows the borders and capital cities. The map also shows many of the larger cities of the countries in question. Some notable non-capital cities are Geneva in Switzerland, Cologne in Germany, Bordeaux in France. Below we will list all the capital cities and the country they are the capital of.

old Europe Map
old Europe Map

A New Europe Map

This is the new 2018 Political Europe Map. Europe isn’t changing much at the moment. Not like in the late 90’s and early 2000’s. The only change we can expect either this year or in the next few years is the United Kingdom leaving the EU. Russia seems to have curbed it’s expansionist ways. Although there is still some trouble in the Ukraine.

While the physical boundaries of the countries in Europe are not likely to change in the near future. Obviously the physical Europe map itself will not change at all. We do try to provide at least 2 updated maps every year.

Other countries that might change the face of Europe in the near future are countries like Hungary and Poland. Both these countries have elected a parliament that is somewhat antagonistic to the European Union. While Turkey is on the border of Asia and Europe. It has been trying to join the European Union, however recent changes to the political climate are making it’s inclusion look a bit shaky.

All in all we are in for an exciting although troubling time. We have added an interactive map of Europe for 2018. We now have a Europe Map for 2019.

Old map of EU Countries and candidate countries
Old map of EU Countries and candidate countries

While not technically a political map of Europe in the strictest sense. This map tries to set a delineation between the European Union Countries and the rest of Europe. It also is an attempt to see how the other non European Union countries fit within the greater European region. Technically speaking go here, if you want to see a political map of Europe in the historical definition of the phrase. This area is mostly about conjecture and how Europe ties together as a continent. It will be updated regularly and this map may change and others will be added.

We will also be adding historically accurate political maps so as to show how politics progressed through you Europe over time. In researching this area we found some interesting and sometimes funny and sometimes serious events that caused unusual redrawing of the borders of various countries that make up Europe. Some countries were created and some were lost to time and the borders moved around quite a deal through out the 4000 years of European history. Politically speaking most countries started out as city states and then as one state or another became dominant, the others in the vicinity got swallowed up. One extreme example of this is the Roman empire which swallowed up huge tracts of Europe, Africa and the Middle East for that matter. It was all considered part of the Roman empire and eventually when the empire split up and slowly died certain geographical regions banded together to eventually form the countries of Europe. Some of these remain to this day and others have fallen by the way side. It will definitely be an interesting insight into how politics and culture work together at nation building. Stay tuned.


What countries are in Europe map?

There are a few definitions of Europe we can consider when answering this question. There is the EU (European Union) which is one definition of Europe but that is not encompassing enough for us. There are countries that Span both Europe and Asia like Russia which some want to put into Asia only. We do subscribe to this point of view either. Then there are countries like Georgia that aren’t transcontinental with Europe but are very European in the make up of the population and culture but are not officially part of Europe. Here at feel that all these countries should be given a chance to participate in the great experiment known as Europe. Below we have a comprehensive table of the countries that are within Europe.

Map of Europe with Cities

Country Capital
Albania Tirana
Andorra Andorra la Vella
Armenia Yerevan
Austria Vienna
Belarus Minsk
Belgium Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
Bulgaria Sofia
Croatia Zagreb
Cyprus Nicosia
Czech Republic Prague
Denmark Copenhagen
Estonia Tallinn
Finland Helsinki
France Paris
Georgia Tbilisi
Germany Berlin
Greece Athens
Hungary Budapest
Iceland Reykjavik
Ireland Dublin
Italy Rome
Kosovo Pristina
Latvia Riga
Liechtenstein Vaduz
Lithuania Vilnius
Luxembourg Luxembourg (city)
Macedonia (FYROM) Skopje
Malta Valletta
Moldova Chisinau
Monaco Monaco
Montenegro Podgorica
Netherlands Amsterdam
Norway Oslo
Poland Warsaw
Portugal Lisbon
Romania Bucharest
Russia Moscow
San Marino San Marino
Serbia Belgrade
Slovakia Bratislava
Slovenia Ljubljana
Spain Madrid
Sweden Stockholm
Switzerland Bern
Turkey Ankara
Ukraine Kyiv (also known as Kiev)
United Kingdom London
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City

We have a new World Map 2023 and a new EU Map “European Union Map 2023“. The 10 smallest countries of Europe article has had an update but nothing has really changed.

Map Information about the continent

We have added a map that is probably our best and largest. On Map of Europe we have termed our political map and although strictly it does not contain everything a political map should have it is close enough and is much easier to read than your standard Political map.

Europe is the sixth largest continent by land mass (approximately 3,997,929 square miles or 10,354,636 square km). Only one continent is smaller and that is Australia. The population is about 739,300,000 individuals, which makes it the world’s third most populated and it boasts some of the oldest civilizations of any continent.

Travelling Europe is one of life’s pleasures and due to the above mentioned civilization age, it boasts one of the oldest tourism industries also. Being so long established Europe caters well for every type of traveller.

Europe is made up of 20 countries. The smallest is Vatican City, which is virtually only a suburb of Rome. The largest country is Russia, although if we are talking about Western Europe, then that would be France.

So if you are travelling a good map of Europe is necessary. We do live in a time of smart phones that have GPS functions but it is still a good idea to have a paper map of Europe as a backup. They fold up to be quite small, so every backpacker should have on one in her or his backpack. If you find yourself outside of signal range or if the battery in your GPS or phone empties, you still have a way of knowing where you are.

The diversity of cultures in Europe is one of the key reasons it is such a popular tourist destination. If you are looking for lazy summer beaches then Croatia, Greece, Spain and France are just some of the best hot spots for that type of travel. If Skiing is your thing then you might want to get out the maps of Switzerland, Austria, Germany, France and Slovenia. These countries have some of the best skiing in the world and some places you can ski all the year round. A good way to get to these ski fields is to travel by train as the train system in Europe is so good it is hardly affected by snow. buying a Eurail pass is the best way to go and here is a rail map of Europe to show you all the routes and destinations. We have also included a massive Eurail Map.

When looking at a topographic map of Europe you will notice that it is very mountainous and much of the wilder places are covered in arboreal forests. So if hiking is your thing then Europe is only quite willing to cater to your needs.

Some of the oceans and Seas that border the continent are as follows. The Barents Sea, Arctic Ocean and Norwegian Sea are to the north. The North Sea and Baltic Sea’s are more or less in the middle of the map. The Atlantic Ocean and the Greenland and Celtic Sea’s are off to the west of the continent. The Mediterranean, Adriatic and Aegean Sea’s lie to the south. The Black and Caspian Sea’s lie more or less to the east. Other naturally occurring borders are Ural Mountains and the Ural River and the Caucus Region (a group of countries, the best known of which are Armenia and Georgia).

Some Political information about Europe

There are about 50 countries that make up the continent of Europe. The largest being Russia and the smallest being Vatican City. Most countries in Europe belong to the European Union and use the Euro as currency. Click on the links below to learn more about each country.

Other physical features of the continent of Europe

The main rivers are the Danube, Rhine, Volga, Seine, Ural and Loire. The longest being the Danube. The main mountain ranges are The Alps, Pyrenees, Ural, Caucus and the Carpathian mountains. The highest mountain in Europe is situated in Russia and is called Mt Elbrus, it is 5642 meters high although the highest in Western Europe is Mt Blanc which is situated in France.

What the the Europe Map looked like in 2019 is below

Map of Europe 2019
Europe Map for 2019


Well it is that time of the year again. It is time to start thinking about what the Europe Map is going to look like in 2019. Last year in 2018 we speculated as to what the Europe Map would look like in 2018. We speculated about the UK leaving the EU or more importantly what that separation would look like. Well here we are in 2019 and we are still speculating.

Russia’s pressure on the Ukraine has not increased but has maintained at the same level, so we could see a change in that area of Europe in the near future. Turkey has not entered the European Union and doesn’t look like it will in 2019 or maybe ever.

With Donald Trump’s machinations in the White house and Vladamir Putin’s continuing resentment of the EU and Germany in particular, 2019 is shaping up to be an interesting year.

While people might think it is early to be publishing a 2019 map of Europe, here at Europe political map we try to be ahead of the curve. This is possibly the best and most easily read political map of Europe

very old map of europe
very old map of europe

We have finally done it. We have upgraded our oldest map post to a new and better version. Google will probably hate it like it hates the rest of this site but we won’t let that stop us. We aren’t really sure if this is a political map or not but it follows a similar format of the original, that is good enough for us. The next map we will be updating is our road map of Europe. Stay tuned!

Ye Olde Map of Europe

This is the oldest map of Europe we have on the site. It was the first map uploaded back in the late nineties. Yes has been around that long. We originally got this map from the CIA World Fact Book. Yes that site has been around even longer.

It is interesting to see how much the borders of Europe have changed. Western Europe has pretty much remained the same. While parts of Eastern Europe have changed. Serbia has had Kosova separated from it. Russia has annexed the Crimea from the Ukraine. Montenegro has also separated from Serbia to become the master of its own destiny.

map of Europe 2016
map of Europe 2016

It is at about this time of year with the silly season fast approaching, that we take a look at how the borders of Europe have changed in 2016. We have had a pretty turbulent couple of years, with the war in the Ukraine and the refugee crisis. So we are going to put up a map of Europe 2016, as of the 13th of October 2016.


Europe hasn’t changed dramatically since the Balkan war in the eighties and nineties when Yugoslavia was broken up into Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia and Serbia. The big and very controversial and it has to be said unpopular change is the annexation of the Crimea  by Russia. Shown on this map with a red squiggle around it. Although the Crimea has a majority of Russian speaking population it has always been considered to be a part of the Ukraine. In 2014 The Crimean people did have a referendum on leaving the Ukraine in 2014. The overwhelming vote was to leave, although there are rumblings that some of the voting was rigged. Russia fully integrated the Crimea into the Russian federation in 2015 and the status of the Crimea has be left in limbo.

So that is the map of Europe as it stands for 2016. Will it be the same in 2017. Maybe not. With Catalonia and the Basque country demanding independence we may see a redrawing of the European boundaries in 2017.

Vatican City

Travelling to Vatican City

Vatican City

As the sun dips low over the horizon, painting the sky with a canvas of vibrant hues, the country of Italy unfurls an intricate tapestry of artistic grandeur, time-stamped relics, and geological wonders that never fail to capture the hearts of travelers. From the Venetian canals to the Tuscan countryside, each locale has its own stories to tell. However, nestled within the bustling capital of Rome, Vatican City—like a precious gem in an elaborate crown—takes center stage. It’s an enclave of intrigue, a sovereign marvel that prompts many to ask, “Is the Vatican a country or a city?”

Vatican City – A City or a Country?

Don’t let its modest size fool you—Vatican City might encompass a mere 110 acres, but its significance reverberates far beyond its borders. This walled sanctuary, born from the Lateran Treaty of 1929, stands as the world’s smallest independent state. Home to the pontiff and a select few clergymen from diverse backgrounds, it blurs the line between city and country. Governed by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope—Vatican City is both an ecclesiastical masterpiece and a historical marvel.

Exploring Vatican City

Visitors to Vatican City may often find themselves caught in a paradox of time. The city itself, steeped in antiquity, is complemented by a contemporary network of facilities. Meander through the pristine plazas and explore the labyrinth of meticulously maintained walkways as you immerse yourself in the city’s charm. To help you navigate this intricate marvel, consider referring to this Vatican City map. Although the city lacks an airport—visitors must arrive via Rome—it boasts an array of modern amenities including a top-notch telephone system, a fully-functional pharmacy, and a renowned post office, a testimony to Vatican’s balance between the old and the new.

Economy of Vatican City

Vatican City’s economy is a tapestry woven from unique threads. Beyond religious and historical significance, its museums, post office, and souvenir shops serve as significant contributors to the city’s finances. Industrial pursuits include printing, mosaic making, and crafting staff uniforms. If your bucket list includes using an ATM with Latin instructions, the Vatican Bank is your destination. Interestingly, while Vatican City mints its own coins, it relies on the euro, courtesy of a special agreement with the European Union dating back to 1999.

Art and Culture

Art aficionados would be hard-pressed to find a destination as richly adorned as Vatican City. St. Peter’s Basilica is a cornucopia of artistic mastery, home to Raphael’s and Fra Angelico’s masterpieces, among others. The Apostolic Palace, the Pope’s residence, shelters the famed Sistine Chapel—its ceiling, a canvas for Michelangelo’s genius. The Last Judgement, his magnum opus, covers the altar wall, standing as a testament to his innovative style that initially spurred controversy but ultimately earned admiration.

Citizenship and the Life of the Residents

Vatican City’s unique citizenship rules might have you wondering, “Can anyone visit Vatican City?” The city’s inhabitants, numbering a little over 800, are primarily clergymen, state officials, or Swiss Guards. Rather than birthright, citizenship is tied to the specific roles these residents fulfill. Despite their diverse nationalities, a common thread binds them—their Catholic faith. This intriguing aspect further deepens the enigma that is Vatican City.

Vatican City, with its deep-rooted history, unique economy, and immense cultural richness, continues to bewitch travelers from across the globe. This divine fortress in the heart of Rome, where timeless artistry meets spiritual majesty, beckons you to unearth its secrets. As you plan your Italian sojourn, remember that the question, “Is the Vatican a country or a city?” is merely the start of your exploration into this extraordinary enclave.

Map of Central Europe

Central Europe, a region often overlooked in the global discourse, holds a unique position in the world. Nestled between the Western and Eastern parts of the continent, Central Europe is a fascinating blend of cultures, histories, and geographies. This article delves into the intricacies of the map of Central Europe, exploring the countries that make up this region, the unique characteristics that set it apart, and the rich history that has shaped its present.

Which Countries Fall Under Central Europe?

Central Europe is a region that encompasses several countries. While the exact list can vary depending on the context, the most commonly included nations are Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia. Some definitions also include Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and parts of Belgium, Netherlands, and France. Each of these countries contributes to the rich tapestry of cultures, languages, and histories that define Central Europe.

  1. Austria
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Germany
  4. Hungary
  5. Liechenstein
  6. Poland
  7. Slovakia
  8. Slovenia
  9. Switzerland
  10. Croatia

Is Central Europe the Same as Eastern Europe?

Central Europe is not the same as Eastern Europe, although the two regions share some commonalities. The distinction between Central and Eastern Europe is more than just geographical; it’s also historical, cultural, and political. Central Europe has a history closely tied to Western Europe, particularly through the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy. In contrast, Eastern Europe has been more influenced by the Byzantine Empire and later, the Soviet Union.

The Area of Central Europe

Central Europe covers a significant area, spanning approximately 1 million square kilometers (or about 386,000 square miles). This region is home to diverse landscapes, from the towering Alps in Switzerland to the vast plains of Hungary. Each country within Central Europe boasts its own unique geography, contributing to the region’s overall diversity.

Why is it Called Central Europe?

The term “Central Europe” is used to describe the region lying between Western and Eastern Europe. The concept of Central Europe is largely a product of geopolitical and social constructs rather than strict geographical boundaries. The term gained prominence in the 19th century as a way to describe the area of Europe that was neither part of the West nor the East but had its own unique characteristics and identity.

The Oldest Country in Central Europe

When it comes to age, Hungary takes the crown as the oldest country in Central Europe. Established on December 25, 1000 AD, Hungary has a rich history that has significantly influenced the region. Other countries, like Poland and Germany, also have long histories dating back several centuries.

Is Greece or Croatia Part of Central Europe?

While both Greece and Croatia are part of Europe, they are not typically classified as part of Central Europe. Greece is generally considered part of Southern Europe, while Croatia is often categorized as part of Southeastern Europe or the Balkans. However, these classifications can vary depending on the context.

The European Union and Central Europe

The European Union (EU) is a significant part of the political, economic, and social fabric of Central Europe. Most Central European countries, including Germany, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia, are members of the EU. These countries have benefited from EU membership through access to a single market, funding for development, and the ability to participate in decision-making processes that affect the entire bloc.

However, not all Central European countries are part of the EU. Switzerland and Liechtenstein, for example, have opted to remain outside the EU while still maintaining close economic and political ties with the bloc. These countries have negotiated numerous agreements with the EU to participate in certain aspects of the single market while retaining their sovereignty in other areas.

The EU has had a significant impact on the development of Central Europe. EU funding has contributed to infrastructure development, economic growth, and social programs in many Central European countries. Additionally, EU membership has facilitated the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital across borders, contributing to increased integration and cooperation among Central European countries.

However, EU membership also comes with challenges. Central European countries must comply with EU regulations and standards, which can sometimes be a source of tension. Additionally, these countries must contribute to the EU budget, which can be a significant financial commitment.

Despite these challenges, the EU remains a crucial part of Central Europe’s identity. The map of Central Europe is not just a geographical representation, but also a reflection of the region’s complex political and economic relationships. Whether through EU membership or close ties with the bloc, Central Europe is deeply intertwined with the broader European community.

Central Europe, with its rich history, diverse cultures, and unique geography, is a fascinating region to explore. Whether you’re interested in the historical significance of Hungary, the cultural diversity of Germany, or the geographical wonders of Switzerland, Central Europe offers something for everyone. So the next time you look at a map of Europe, take a moment to appreciate the intricacies of this captivating region.






There is no common standard of what actually constitutes Central Europe, in fact many of the countries that are defined under this title also form part of Eastern & Western Europe. For the purposes of this article I am going to define the following countries as forming Central Europe, which is the current definition held by the United Nations:

  1. Austria
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Germany
  4. Hungary
  5. Liechenstein
  6. Poland
  7. Slovakia
  8. Slovenia
  9. Switzerland
  10. Croatia

There are plenty of sights to see within Central Europe and I am going to take you through a number of them right now. Although of course whilst wandering around you will discover many other wonderful sightseeing opportunities.

  1. Almost everything located within Berlin, Germany is a sight in itself. A particular favourite amongst tourists is climbing the Reichstag Dome.
  2. Of course, no trip to Germany is complete without experiencing wonderful German Beer. The best way to do this is to go to the Beer Hall located in Munich. The Olympic Park is also located incredibly close by and is worth a visit.
  3. Also in Germany you can take the chance to visit ‘The Eagles Nest’ which was a location where Hitler helped to direct the German War.
  4. For the more adventurous amongst people there are plenty of natural sights to see when you hike through the mountains of Switzerland or drive through the rolling countryside gazing at many of the beautiful lakes around the area.
  5. Poland was almost destroyed during World War 2, particularly Warsaw. Take a look around the modern architectural wonders in the city which almost has been completely rebuilt but still in a more medieval style.
  6. There are plenty of concentration camps located within Poland. One of the most popular of course is Auschwitz. The reality of war really hits home when you visit one of these concentration camps.
  7. A particular favourite of those travelling to Central Europe to sightsee is travelling up ‘Castle Hill’ for fantastic views over Budapest, capital of Hungary.
  8. The ‘Rhine River’ travels through most of the countries in Central Europe and a cruise along this will take you to some of the best vineyards in the world. Perfect for wine lovers.

There is so much to do for sightseeing in Central Europe. Whether you are looking to enjoy the beautiful landscapes of Europe by hiking through mountains or driving through the countryside, or whether you want to experience the rich history which is evident in almost every major town located within Central Europe.

In my opinion if you are going to go sightseeing in Central Europe you should do it properly, for that reason take a chance to visit all nearby countries such as France, Spain and Belgium. Only then will you be able to get the full European experience. Plenty of cheap flights will take you to any of these destinations, after that it is simply a matter of hiring a car and hitting the open road.

Map of Eastern Europe


The countries in Red above make up what is known as Eastern Europe.

Eastern Europe, a region rich in history and culture, is a fascinating area to explore. From the Baltic states in the north to the Balkan states in the south, Eastern Europe is home to diverse cultures, languages, and landscapes. This article delves into the intricacies of the Eastern European map, providing insights into the countries it encompasses, its unique features, and why it’s referred to as ‘Eastern Europe’.

What Countries are Included in Eastern Europe?

Eastern Europe is a term that encapsulates a number of countries, each with its unique history and culture. The region typically includes the following countries:

  1. Russia: The largest country in the world by land area, Russia spans Eastern Europe and northern Asia. It’s known for its rich history, diverse culture, and significant contributions to arts and science.
  2. Ukraine: The second-largest country in Europe, Ukraine is known for its Orthodox churches, Black Sea coastline, and forested mountains.
  3. Poland: Located in Central Europe, Poland is known for its medieval architecture and Jewish heritage.
  4. Czech Republic: Known for its ornate castles, native beers, and long history, the Czech Republic is a country steeped in culture and tradition.
  5. Slovakia: Bordered by five countries, Slovakia is known for its dramatic natural landscape and many castles.
  6. Hungary: Landlocked and located in Central Europe, Hungary is known for its thermal waters and the capital city of Budapest.
  7. Romania: Known for the forested region of Transylvania and the preserved medieval towns, Romania offers a glimpse into Europe’s historical past.
  8. Moldova: A small Eastern European country landlocked between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova is famous for its wine culture and scenic landscapes.
  9. Belarus: Known for its Stalinist architecture, grand fortifications, and primeval forests, Belarus offers a unique travel experience.
  10. Baltic States: The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are known for their beautiful coastlines, historic cities, and unique Baltic culture.

In the Balkans, countries like Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Macedonia, Kosovo and the European part of Turkey are also considered part of Eastern Europe. Each of these countries brings its unique blend of culture and history to the region, contributing to the rich tapestry that is Eastern Europe.

While these countries are generally recognized as part of Eastern Europe, it’s important to note that definitions can vary based on geopolitical, cultural, and historical contexts. Regardless of the exact boundaries, the countries of Eastern Europe each offer a unique and fascinating exploration of European history and culture.

We have a map of Western Europe also.

What is the Area of Eastern Europe Called?

The area of Eastern Europe is often referred to as the ‘Eastern Bloc’, a term that originated during the Cold War when the region was under the influence of the Soviet Union. However, the term ‘Eastern Europe’ is now more commonly used to refer to this region. The exact area of Eastern Europe is challenging to define due to varying interpretations of the region’s boundaries.

Why is Eastern Europe Called Eastern Europe?

The term ‘Eastern Europe’ is largely a geopolitical concept that has evolved over time. It was popularized during the Cold War when Europe was divided into East and West based on political ideologies. The Eastern Bloc, under the influence of the Soviet Union, was referred to as Eastern Europe. However, the definition can vary and sometimes it’s more related to geographical location or cultural similarities.

What is Unique About Eastern Europe?

Eastern Europe is unique in many ways. It’s a region where centuries-old traditions coexist with post-communist modernization. The region is home to diverse ethnic groups, languages, and religions. Its history is marked by empires, wars, revolutions, and periods of rapid social and political change. The region’s natural beauty, from the Baltic Sea to the steppes of Russia, is also a notable feature.

The European Union and Eastern Europe

The European Union (EU) has had a significant impact on the countries of Eastern Europe. Many Eastern European countries, such as Poland, Hungary, and the Baltic States, are now members of the EU, which has led to economic growth and increased political stability in these countries. However, some countries in the region, such as Ukraine and Belarus, are not EU members, reflecting the diverse political landscape of Eastern Europe.


Eastern Europe, with its rich history and cultural diversity, is a fascinating region to explore. Whether you’re interested in the historical significance of the Eastern Bloc, the cultural diversity of the region, or the political complexities of the EU’s relationship with Eastern Europe, there’s no shortage of intriguing aspects to delve into. As you explore the map of Eastern Europe, you’ll discover a region that’s as diverse as it is intriguing.

Map of Western Europe


Western Europe, a region rich in history and culture, is a fascinating area to explore. This article will delve into the intricacies of the map of Western Europe, providing insights into its geographical composition, the countries it encompasses, and some intriguing facts about the region.

What Countries are in the Western Side of Europe?

Western Europe is home to a diverse range of countries, each with its unique characteristics and charm. The region comprises 29 countries, including Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Guernsey, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, and others.

The Intricacies of Western Europe’s Geography

Western Europe covers a total area of approximately 1.328 million square miles, making it a vast and diverse region. The largest country in terms of land area is France, spanning 212,935 square miles, while the smallest is Vatican City, covering a mere 0.17 square miles.

Norway and Switzerland: The EU Outsiders

Norway and Switzerland are two prominent countries in Western Europe that are not part of the European Union (EU). The reasons for their non-membership are complex and multifaceted, rooted in historical, economic, and political factors.

For Norway, the decision to stay out of the EU has been influenced by a desire to maintain control over its natural resources, particularly its rich oil reserves. The country has opted instead for a European Economic Area (EEA) agreement, which allows it to access the EU’s single market without being a full member.

Switzerland, on the other hand, has maintained its independence and neutrality over centuries, which has influenced its decision not to join the EU. The Swiss have preferred to negotiate bilateral agreements with the EU to secure their economic interests while preserving their sovereignty.

The Seven Regions of Europe

Europe is often divided into seven regions for geographical and political analysis. These regions are Northern Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Central Europe, the Baltic States, and the British Isles. Each region has its unique characteristics, culture, and history.

England and Western Europe

England, part of the United Kingdom, is indeed considered a part of Western Europe. This classification is based on geographical location, historical ties, and cultural similarities with other Western European countries.

Why is it Called Western Europe?

The term “Western Europe” is rooted in the context of the Cold War. During this period, Europe was divided into the Western Bloc, which included countries aligned with NATO, and the Eastern Bloc, which comprised nations within the Soviet sphere of influence. The term has since evolved and is now used more in a geographical context to distinguish the region from Eastern, Central, and Southern Europe.

The European Union and Western Europe: An Inextricable Bond

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union that plays a significant role in shaping the landscape of Western Europe. Comprising 27 member states, the EU has its roots in Western Europe, with countries like France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands being among its founding members.

The EU has been instrumental in fostering cooperation and integration among its member states, promoting peace, stability, and economic prosperity in the region. It has established a single market that allows for the free movement of goods, services, capital, and people among member states. This has facilitated trade and investment, contributing to the economic growth and development of Western Europe.

Moreover, the EU has also been a driving force behind the harmonization of laws and regulations among member states in areas such as human rights, consumer protection, and environmental conservation. This has led to the creation of a shared legal and regulatory framework that has helped to ensure a level playing field and promote social justice across the region.

However, the relationship between the EU and Western Europe is not without its complexities. Not all countries in Western Europe are members of the EU. Notably, Norway and Switzerland have chosen to remain outside the EU while still maintaining close economic and political ties with the union through various agreements.

Furthermore, the recent departure of the United Kingdom from the EU, commonly known as Brexit, has added a new dimension to the relationship between the EU and Western Europe. Despite this, the EU continues to play a pivotal role in shaping the political, economic, and social landscape of Western Europe.

Additional Facts

Did you know that Western Europe has a total population of approximately 418 million people? Germany has the highest population, with an estimated 83.4 million people, while Vatican City has the lowest, with just 515 people. The region’s GDP totals $19.35 trillion per year, with Germany having the highest GDP at $4.223 trillion per year. These facts and more make Western Europe a region of significant economic and demographic importance on the global stage.

This article has provided a detailed overview of the map of Western Europe, covering its geographical composition, the countries it encompasses, and some intriguing facts about the region. Whether you’re a geography enthusiast or a curious traveler, Western Europe is a region that promises endless exploration and discovery.

The map of Western Europe is a tapestry of diverse countries, cultures, and histories. From the fjords of Norway to the vineyards of France, each country in this region offers a unique blend of experiences. Whether you’re a geography enthusiast, a history buff, or a curious traveler, Western Europe is a region that promises endless exploration and discovery.

Here we have a new map of Eastern Europe


Physical Map of Europe

Discovering Europe through a Physical Map

Maps are a crucial instrument for geographers, travelers, and cartographers, enabling us to comprehend our surroundings, venture into new areas, and traverse unfamiliar territories. Among various map types, each serving a unique purpose, physical maps and political maps are quite prevalent. This article will hone in on the physical map of Europe, elaborating on its distinctions from political maps.

Understanding Physical Maps of Europe

A physical map of Europe serves to depict the continent’s physical attributes, such as mountains, rivers, lakes, seas, and other natural landscapes. Also referred to as relief, topographic, or terrain maps, physical maps of Europe are crafted to furnish information about the continent’s landforms and physical features.

Distinctive Features of Physical Maps

A primary utility of a physical map of Europe lies in its ability to elucidate the continent’s geography. For instance, one can ascertain the location of prominent mountain ranges, including the Alps, Pyrenees, and Carpathians, via a physical map. It also illustrates the placement of major rivers like the Danube, Rhine, and Volga, and lakes such as Lake Geneva and Lake Como. A physical map, therefore, enhances our comprehension of Europe’s topography and natural features.

Another striking characteristic of a physical map of Europe is its use of color and shading to signify elevation. Highlands and mountains are typically rendered in brown, whereas lowlands and valleys are depicted in shades of green or blue. Observing a physical map can provide insights into the relative altitudes of various areas, giving a sense of the terrain’s ruggedness or flatness. This information proves beneficial for planning outdoor activities like hiking or understanding the navigation challenges posed by different regions.

Contrasting Physical and Political Maps of Europe

Contrarily, a political map of Europe is designed to exhibit the continent’s political boundaries. It generally illustrates countries, states, provinces, and other administrative divisions, along with significant cities, roads, and other human-made features. Its primary goal is to offer insights into Europe’s political and administrative systems.

Political maps of Europe facilitate an understanding of the continent’s diverse countries and regions. For instance, such a map can reveal the borders of nations like France, Germany, and Spain, and pinpoint major cities like Paris, Berlin, and Madrid. Political maps can also identify the location of significant landmarks like the Eiffel Tower, the Colosseum, and the Brandenburg Gate.

Detailing: A Key Difference between Physical and Political Maps

Physical maps and political maps diverge in their focus—physical maps spotlight the land’s natural features, while political maps concentrate on human-made elements. Physical maps are instrumental in understanding Europe’s physical geography, whereas political maps elucidate Europe’s political geography.

Detailing is another distinguishing factor between physical and political maps. While physical maps often boast a high level of detail, featuring a myriad of features and landmarks, political maps may prioritize administrative boundaries and major cities over natural features.

Summarizing the Importance of Physical and Political Maps

In summation, physical maps of Europe are a valuable resource for grasping the continent’s natural geography. They pinpoint the location of various natural features, enhancing our understanding of the topography and terrain of different regions. On the other hand, political maps of Europe are designed to depict the continent’s political and administrative structures, such as countries, states, and cities. Both map types serve distinct purposes, and together, they offer a comprehensive understanding of Europe’s geography.

What’s New in Our Collection: Physical Map of Europe

Our collection now includes a “Physical Map of Europe.” It differs from a “Political Map of Europe” as it focuses on depicting physical structures or landforms, including lakes, mountains, seas, oceans, deserts, plains, forests, jungles, and grasslands. This topographical representation provides a more comprehensive view of the physical features one might encounter when traveling through the depicted country or continent.

Physical Map versus Topographical Map

However, it’s essential not to confuse a physical map of Europe with a topographical map of Europe. Although similar, they aren’t identical— a topographical map typically employs contour lines to indicate changes in the landscape, often related to altitude.

We now have a Europe Map for 2023. This is possibly the best and most easily read map of Europe

World Map

Map of the World 2023

Above we have a new world map for 2023. Not much has changed since 2019. Brexit is destined to happen now that Boris Johnson won a thumping majority in the UK parliament. However that does not affect the borders marked on this map at all. The United States Department of State recognizes 195 independent countries but not all are shown on this map because some are to small for the scale of the map.

This is not a terrain relief map it is a political map of the world. So it does not show all the different topography that some of our other maps shop. This world map was designed a quick and easy reference to all the major countries in the world. It also references all the populated continents including Europe, Asia, North America, South America and Australasia (Australia).

As a political map it shows all the current boundaries for the countries represented and shows comparative size of the countries in question. Some distortion may occur as the earth is a sphere and this map of the world is a flat representation. Most distortion will occur around the equator as that is where the earth bulges due to its rotation.

If there is a change in borders during the year 2023 we do one of two possible procedures. The map above will be replaced by a new map or we will add the changed map into the page as it stands.

Above we have a World Map with continents and Regions in different colors. Here at Map of Europe we realized that many users coming to our site wanted to look at a map of the world and the continents and regions.

World Map with Countries

World Map with Continents and Countries 2023
World Map with Continents and Countries

We have a Political World Map below with countries outlined but we have been asked many times to breakout the continents in the map to make them more obvious. We have done this above and this image will become the foundation of our “World Map 2020”. The year 2019 has not ended so the final layout for the chart above has not been finalized. The above image is an easy to use learning guide for schools and colleges. This page will become a repository for all future maps of the world from now on.

Continental borders are a little ambiguous and fluid at the moment and we tried to cater for this by adding some regions.

Below is a list continental border anomalies.

  • Western Russia is marked as being part of Asia even though generally it is considered part of Europe. We did this because we felt there was room on the web for a simpler version of a world map, one that ignored some of the border ambiguities.
  • We have added the Middle East as a region. This was due to many users emailing us and asking how does the middle east relate to the rest of the world.
  • Australasia is marked in aqua and this region is sometimes referred to as Oceania. This is not strictly accurate but like we said above these matters are somewhat ambiguous. Strictly speaking the content is generally referred to as just Australia.
  • Egypt is marked as Part of Africa above. While this is strictly correct it could have also fallen in under the region of the Middle East.

This map is not meant to be a definitive or even strictly accurate depiction of the world. As we said earlier that tends to be fluid anyway. This map is meant to be a quick reference guide for students and teachers to use when doing geography or cartography on the fly.

Political Map of the World

A world map is usually a map of the surface of the Earth, which is often made utilizing any one of a variety of map projections. Maps of the world in most cases are either ‘physical’ or ‘political’, but there are exceptions to this rule. The goal of the physical map is usually to demonstrate attributes of geography like mountains, soil variety or even land utilization.
The most crucial function of the political map is to demonstrate territorial borders and political boundaries. These are not always clear cut but most political maps of the world will try and give you a best match fora certain point in history. Geological maps demonstrate not just the physical surface area, but attributes of the underlying rock, fault lines, and sub surface structures.

When travelling the world and taking advantage of cheap flights, it is important to get travel insurance. It will give you that extra peace of mind, knowing that even if you luggage doesn’t make it. You will not be left out in the cold. There are many types of travel insurance, so pick the right one for you. Some of the types that are most commonly used are Medical Travel insurance, Trip Protection, Luggage and Car Rental Protection and Delay coverage.

World Map for 2019.

Has much changed since we added World Map 2018 ? Not really. There are still wars raging in the middle east that threaten to change the face of the world map but borders have not been redrawn as yet.

There is still Putin’s Russia pressurising the Ukraine, which has potential to change the face of the world map and redraw some borders in Europe.

Africa is surprisingly stable for now and not much has changed on that continent.

China’s military is becoming more recalcitrant in the the South China Sea and some of the islands and atolls it has squatted on have the potential to change China’s borders but with an increasingly aggressive president in the USA, we might see some flash points in this area.

Here at Europe map, we now have a Europe Map for 2019.

This is possibly the best and most easily read political map of Europe


World Map 2019
World Map for 2019

Click above – World Map for 2018.

It is basically a political world map although it does not use the traditional political map colors. Those colors are so 1995 anyway.

In this world map we include all the countries of the world and their related capital cities. It is a relatively large map at 2908 pixels by 1467 pixels. Also, it shows the relationship between the new Europe map and the other continents in the world. Another good reference for world maps is this page on Wikipedia.

map of the world

Another thing that makes this map of the world stand out is that it includes all the little island archipelagos of the world. So if you are going to one of those remote holiday destinations like the Canary Islands. On this map you will be able to see where it relates to the rest of the world.

If you want to enlarge the map click on it and then click on the little “x” in the top right corner to get the biggest possible version of the map. You will have to scroll around it as it generally to large for most computer screens.

One of the new countries it lists is South Sudan, which is probably Africa’s most recent country. other non European countries that are listed are New Zealand, Mexico, Thailand and North Korea.

Some European countries that are listed are FranceGermanyIcelandCroatia and Denmark.

Enjoy the free use of this map of the world and we hope to bring you guys more in the near future.

We kept the  Old World Map below:

World Map with Continents

A simple World Map
Click on the World Map above to zoom in

List of Countries in the World and the Capital Cities ordered by population


Country Capital Population Area (km²)
China Beijing 1,444,216,107 9,596,961
India New Delhi 1,393,409,038 3,287,263
United States Washington, D.C. 331,002,651 9,525,067
Indonesia Jakarta 273,523,615 1,904,569
Pakistan Islamabad 225,199,937 796,095
Brazil Brasília 213,993,437 8,515,767
Nigeria Abuja 211,400,708 923,768
Bangladesh Dhaka 166,303,498 147,570
Russia Moscow 145,912,025 17,098,242
Mexico Mexico City 130,262,216 1,964,375
Japan Tokyo 126,476,461 377,915
Ethiopia Addis Ababa 114,963,588 1,104,300
Philippines Manila 112,610,042 300,000
Egypt Cairo 102,334,404 1,002,450
Vietnam Hanoi 97,338,579 331,210
Germany Berlin 83,783,942 357,022
Turkey Ankara 84,339,067 783,356
Iran Tehran 83,992,949 1,648,195
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 89,561,403 2,344,858
Thailand Bangkok 69,799,978 513,120
France Paris 65,273,511 551,695
United Kingdom London 67,886,011 242,500
Italy Rome 60,461,826 301,340
South Africa Pretoria (executive), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial) 59,308,690 1,219,090
Tanzania Dodoma 59,734,218 947,303
Myanmar Naypyidaw 54,409,800 676,578
Kenya Nairobi 53,771,296 580,367
South Korea Seoul 51,269,185 100,210
Colombia Bogotá 50,882,891 1,141,748
Spain Madrid 46,754,778 505,990
Uganda Kampala 45,741,007 241,550
Argentina Buenos Aires 45,376,763 2,780,400
Ukraine Kyiv 44,209,733 603,550
Algeria Algiers 43,851,044 2,381,741
Sudan Khartoum 43,849,260 1,861,484
Iraq Baghdad 40,222,493 438,317
Afghanistan Kabul 38,928,346 652,230
Poland Warsaw 37,846,611 312,696
Canada Ottawa 37,742,154 9,984,670
Morocco Rabat 36,910,560 446,550
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 34,813,871 2,149,690
Uzbekistan Tashkent 33,469,203 448,978
Peru Lima 32,971,854 1,285,216
Angola Luanda 32,866,272 1,246,700
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 32,776,194 330,803
Mozambique Maputo 31,255,435 801,590
Ghana Accra 31,072,940 238,533
Yemen Sana’a 29,825,964 527,968
Nepal Kathmandu 29,136,808 147,516
Venezuela Caracas 28,435,940 916,445
Madagascar Antananarivo 27,691,018 587,041
Cameroon Yaoundé 26,545,863 475,442
Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official), Abidjan (economic) 26,378,274 322,463
North Korea Pyongyang 25,778,816 120,538
Australia Canberra 25,203,198 7,692,024
Niger Niamey 24,206,644 1,267,000
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official), Colombo (executive and commercial) 21,413,249 65,610
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 20,903,273 274,200
Mali Bamako 20,250,833 1,240,192
Romania Bucharest 19,237,691 238,397
Malawi Lilongwe 19,129,952 118,484
Chile Santiago 19,116,201 756,096
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan 18,776,707 2,724,900
Zambia Lusaka 18,383,955 752,618
Guatemala Guatemala City 17,915,568 108,889
Ecuador Quito 17,643,054 283,561
Syria Damascus 17,500,658 185,180
Netherlands Amsterdam (official), The Hague (seat of government) 17,134,872 41,543
Senegal Dakar 16,743,927 196,722
Chad N’Djamena 16,425,864 1,284,000
Somalia Mogadishu 15,893,222 637,657
Zimbabwe Harare 14,862,924 390,757
Guinea Conakry 13,132,795 245,857
Rwanda Kigali 12,952,218 26,338
Benin Porto-Novo (official), Cotonou (seat of government) 12,123,200 114,763
Burundi Bujumbura 11,890,784 27,834
Tunisia Tunis 11,818,619 163,610
Bolivia Sucre (constitutional), La Paz (administrative) 11,673,021 1,098,581
Belgium Brussels 11,589,623 30,528
Haiti Port-au-Prince 11,402,528 27,750
Cuba Havana 11,326,616 109,884
South Sudan Juba 11,193,725 644,329
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 10,847,910 48,671
Czech Republic Prague 10,708,981 78,866
Greece Athens 10,423,054 131,957
Jordan Amman 10,203,134 89,342
Portugal Lisbon 10,196,709 92,090
Azerbaijan Baku 10,139,177 86,600
Sweden Stockholm 10,099,265 450,295
Hungary Budapest 9,660,351 93,028
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 9,890,400 83,600
Belarus Minsk 9,449,323 207,600
Honduras Tegucigalpa 9,904,607 112,492
Israel Jerusalem (internationally unrecognized) 9,053,300 20,770
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 8,947,024 462,840
Togo Lomé 8,278,724 56,785
Serbia Belgrade 8,737,371 77,474
Switzerland Bern 8,654,622 41,290
Sierra Leone Freetown 8,153,936 71,740
Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,474,600 1,104
Laos Vientiane 7,275,560 236,800
Paraguay Asunción 7,132,538 406,752
Bulgaria Sofia 6,948,445 110,879
Lebanon Beirut 6,825,445 10,452
Libya Tripoli 6,871,292 1,759,540
El Salvador San Salvador 6,486,201 21,041
Nicaragua Managua 6,624,554 130,373
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 6,524,195 199,951
Turkmenistan Ashgabat 6,031,200 488,100
Singapore Singapore 5,896,686 728
Denmark Copenhagen 5,792,202 42,916
Finland Helsinki 5,540,720 338,424
Slovakia Bratislava 5,459,642 49,035
Norway Oslo 5,421,241 323,802
Eritrea Asmara 3,546,421 117,600
Costa Rica San José 5,094,118 51,100
Central African Republic Bangui 4,829,767 622,984
Ireland Dublin 4,937,786 70,273
New Zealand Wellington 4,822,233 270,467
Oman Muscat 4,974,986 309,500
Country Capital Population (2021) Area (km²)
Croatia Zagreb 4,105,267 56,594
Kuwait Kuwait City 4,270,571 17,818
Panama Panama City 4,314,767 75,420
Georgia Tbilisi 3,989,167 69,700
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 3,329,289 1,564,116
Armenia Yerevan 2,963,243 29,743
Lithuania Vilnius 2,722,289 65,300
Jamaica Kingston 2,961,167 10,991
Qatar Doha 2,881,053 11,586
Namibia Windhoek 2,540,905 825,615
Lesotho Maseru 2,142,249 30,355
Slovenia Ljubljana 2,078,654 20,273
Latvia Riga 1,886,198 64,589
Botswana Gaborone 2,351,627 581,730
Gambia Banjul 2,416,668 10,689
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 1,968,001 36,125
Gabon Libreville 2,225,734 267,668
Mauritania Nouakchott 4,649,658 1,030,700
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1,399,488 5,131
Estonia Tallinn 1,326,535 45,227
Eswatini Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal) 1,160,164 17,364
Timor-Leste Dili 1,318,445 14,919
Cyprus Nicosia 1,207,359 9,251
Djibouti Djibouti 988,000 23,200
Fiji Suva 896,445 18,272
Guyana Georgetown 786,508 214,969
Bhutan Thimphu 771,608 38,394
Comoros Moroni 869,601 1,861
Solomon Islands Honiara 686,884 28,896
Macao Macao 649,335 32
Montenegro Podgorica 628,066 13,812
Luxembourg Luxembourg City 634,814 2,586
Western Sahara Laayoune 597,339 266,000
Suriname Paramaribo 586,632 163,820
Cape Verde Praia 555,987 4,033
Malta Valletta 441,543 316
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 437,479 5,765
Bahamas Nassau 393,244 13,878
Belize Belmopan 397,628 22,966
Maldives Malé 540,544 298
Iceland Reykjavík 366,130 103,000
Vanuatu Port Vila 307,145 12,189
Barbados Bridgetown 287,375 430
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé 219,159 964
Samoa Apia 198,414 2,842
Saint Lucia Castries 183,627 617
Kiribati South Tarawa 119,449 811
Grenada St. George’s 112,523 344
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 110,940 389
Tonga Nuku’alofa 105,695 747
Micronesia Palikir 115,023 702
Seychelles Victoria 98,347 455
Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s 97,929 442
Andorra Andorra la Vella 77,265 468
Dominica Roseau 71,986 751
Marshall Islands Majuro 59,190 181
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 53,192 270
Monaco Monaco 39,242 2
Liechtenstein Vaduz 38,128 160
San Marino San Marino 33,931 61
Palau Ngerulmud 18,169 459
Nauru Yaren (de facto) 10,756 21
Tuvalu Funafuti 11,792 26
Vatican City Vatican City 825 0.44

Map of NATO 2023

In 2023, Finland finds itself at a crossroads in its foreign policy. For decades, the country has remained neutral, seeking to balance its relationship with both Russia and the West. However, recent events in the region have sparked renewed discussion about Finland’s potential membership in NATO, a move that would fundamentally alter the country’s strategic position.

Map of European Member States of NATO as of April 2023

European memebers of NATO
European memebers of NATO (as of April 2023)

The impetus for Finland’s potential shift towards NATO membership comes from the increasingly aggressive behavior of Russia under the leadership of President Vladimir Putin. The annexation of Crimea in 2014 and subsequent destabilization of eastern Ukraine has alarmed many in the region, particularly those countries with Russian minorities or historical ties to the former Soviet Union. For Finland, which shares a 1,300 kilometer border with Russia, the threat of aggression is particularly acute.

Moreover, Russia’s recent military exercises and the increased frequency of Russian military flights over the Baltic Sea have raised concerns about the potential for accidents or incidents in the region. The close proximity of Finland to these activities means that the country is particularly vulnerable to any escalation of tensions.

North American Member States as of April 2023

North American member states of NATO
North American member states of NATO (as of 2023)

For these reasons, many in Finland have begun to seriously consider the benefits of joining NATO. Membership in the alliance would provide the country with a clear security guarantee, allowing it to benefit from the collective defense capabilities of the organization. It would also send a strong signal to Russia that any aggression against Finland would be met with a strong response from the international community.

However, there are also significant drawbacks to joining NATO. Perhaps most importantly, it would likely further inflame tensions with Russia, potentially leading to a more aggressive stance from Moscow. It would also complicate relations with other neighbors who have chosen to remain outside the alliance, such as Sweden and Finland’s other Baltic neighbors.

Complete list of the 31 Nato Nations (as of April 2023)

Country Membership Year
Belgium 1949
Canada 1949
Denmark 1949
France 1949
Iceland 1949
Italy 1949
Luxembourg 1949
The Netherlands 1949
Norway 1949
Portugal 1949
The United Kingdom 1949
The United States 1949
Greece 1952
Turkey 1952
Germany 1955
Spain 1982
Czechia 1999
Hungary 1999
Poland 1999
Bulgaria 2004
Estonia 2004
Latvia 2004
Lithuania 2004
Romania 2004
Slovakia 2004
Slovenia 2004
Albania 2009
Croatia 2009
Montenegro 2017
North Macedonia 2020
Finland 2023

The possibility of Sweden joining NATO is also a topic of discussion in 2023. Like Finland, Sweden has long maintained a policy of neutrality, but recent events have caused some in the country to reconsider this stance. In particular, the 2022 Russian invasion of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania has raised concerns about the vulnerability of the Baltic region and the potential for Russian aggression against Sweden.

However, unlike Finland, Sweden is not geographically contiguous with NATO member states, which makes joining the alliance a more complicated proposition. It would require significant investment in military infrastructure and capabilities, as well as a shift in the country’s foreign policy priorities. Sweden would also need to navigate the complicated politics of NATO membership, including the potential for opposition from other Nordic countries, particularly Finland.

Which European nations are not in NATO?

  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Cyprus
  • Georgia
  • Ireland
  • Kosovo
  • Liechtenstein
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • Vatican City

The possibility of both Finland and Sweden joining NATO in the near future has significant implications for the broader security landscape of the region. It would bring two new countries into the alliance, increasing its size and capabilities. It would also further isolate Russia, potentially leading to a more aggressive stance from Moscow. Moreover, it could complicate relations between NATO and other countries in the region, particularly those with historic ties to Russia.

At the same time, there are significant risks associated with both countries joining NATO. It could further inflame tensions with Russia, potentially leading to a more dangerous security environment. It could also complicate relations between Nordic countries, particularly if Finland and Sweden have different perspectives on the benefits and risks of NATO membership.

Ultimately, the decision of whether to join NATO is a complex one for both Finland and Sweden. It requires careful consideration of both the benefits and risks of membership, as well as an assessment of the broader security landscape in the region. In 2023, the debate over NATO membership in these countries is likely to continue, with significant implications for the future of the region.

Some experts have suggested that Finland and Sweden could potentially seek a form of hybrid or associate membership in NATO, which would allow them to benefit from the security guarantees provided by the alliance while maintaining some degree of independence in their foreign policy. However, this approach could also be seen as a half measure, leaving these countries vulnerable to potential aggression from Russia without the full protection of the alliance.

Another factor that could influence the decision of both Finland and Sweden is the evolving political landscape in Europe and the United States. The rise of populist and nationalist movements in many European countries, as well as the increasingly isolationist stance of the United States under the Trump administration, has led to questions about the continued viability of NATO and other international institutions. This could create a sense of uncertainty and instability that could make it more difficult for these countries to commit to NATO membership.

Despite these challenges, there are strong arguments in favor of Finland and Sweden joining NATO. The alliance remains the most powerful military organization in the world, with the ability to deter potential adversaries and respond to threats quickly and effectively. Moreover, NATO membership would bring Finland and Sweden into closer alignment with the values and interests of other Western democracies, creating new opportunities for collaboration and cooperation.

In the end, the decision of whether to join NATO will likely come down to a calculation of risk versus reward. Finland and Sweden must weigh the potential benefits of membership against the potential costs, taking into account the complex political, economic, and security factors at play in the region. The decision will be difficult and may be influenced by a range of internal and external factors, but it is clear that the debate over NATO membership will continue to be a major topic of discussion in the region for years to come.

Historical Maps of Europe: Understanding Europe’s Past Through Maps

Maps have been an important tool for humans since the beginning of recorded history. They provide a visual representation of the world, helping us to understand the relationships between different places and how they have changed over time. For historians, maps can be an invaluable resource, providing insights into the political, cultural, and economic landscapes of the past. In this article, we will explore the history of Europe through the lens of historical maps, examining how they can help us better understand the continent’s complex and diverse past.

The earliest known maps of Europe date back to ancient Greece, where philosophers such as Anaximander and Hecataeus of Miletus created maps that were primarily symbolic rather than geographically accurate. These early maps were often based on mythology, with the location of mythical creatures and divine figures represented alongside real geographic features such as mountains and rivers. While these maps were not intended to provide accurate geographical information, they nevertheless played an important role in shaping the Greeks’ understanding of their world.

During the Middle Ages, maps became more geographically accurate as cartography developed as a discipline. Maps created during this period tended to be highly stylized and were often used for navigation rather than scholarly study. One of the most famous medieval maps of Europe is the Hereford Mappa Mundi, created in the late 13th century. This map is notable for its ornate decoration and for the way in which it reflects the medieval worldview, with Jerusalem depicted at the center of the map and Europe positioned at the top.

The Renaissance saw a renewed interest in cartography, as scholars sought to create more accurate maps based on empirical data. During this period, maps of Europe became increasingly detailed and accurate, with many of the most famous maps of the period created by the Dutch cartographer Gerardus Mercator. Mercator’s maps, which were first published in the mid-16th century, were notable for their use of the Mercator projection, which allowed for accurate navigation over long distances.

As Europe entered the modern era, maps continued to evolve and become more sophisticated. One of the most important developments during this period was the use of maps to explore and colonize new territories. European explorers such as Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama relied on maps to navigate the oceans and discover new lands. Maps were also used to divide up newly discovered territories, as European powers jostled for control of the New World and other parts of the globe.

During the 19th and 20th centuries, maps continued to play an important role in shaping Europe’s history. Perhaps the most significant development during this period was the emergence of the nation-state, which led to the creation of national boundaries and the reshaping of Europe’s political landscape. Many maps from this period reflect the tensions and conflicts that characterized European politics, including maps depicting the shifting borders of Europe during World War I and World War II.

One of the most famous maps of Europe from this period is the 1919 Treaty of Versailles map, which was created to help carve up Europe in the aftermath of World War I. This map reflected the geopolitical realities of the time, with new nations such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia created out of the ashes of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The treaty and its accompanying maps would have far-reaching consequences, helping to set the stage for World War II and the reshaping of Europe’s political landscape.

In recent decades, digital mapping technology has revolutionized the way we think about maps and their potential uses. Today, historians and scholars have access to a wealth of digital mapping resources, including high-resolution satellite imagery and interactive maps that allow for detailed analysis of geographic data. These tools have made it possible to create highly detailed maps of Europe’s past, providing new insights into how the continent has changed over time.

One area where digital mapping technology has been particularly useful is in the study of urbanization. Maps of European cities from different historical periods provide valuable information about how cities have grown and changed over time. For example, maps of London from the 17th century show how the city expanded rapidly in the wake of the Great Fire of 1666, while maps of Paris from the 19th century provide insights into the city’s transformation under the direction of Baron Haussmann.

Another area where historical maps can provide valuable insights is in the study of migration and population movements. By analyzing maps of Europe over time, historians can gain a better understanding of how people have moved around the continent and how this has affected its cultural and political landscape. For example, maps of the Jewish diaspora in Europe can provide insights into the history of Jewish communities on the continent, while maps of migration patterns during the industrial revolution can shed light on the growth of urban centers and the development of new industries.

Finally, historical maps can be valuable tools for understanding the changing geopolitical landscape of Europe over time. Maps of Europe from different periods can provide insights into how different countries and empires interacted with one another, and how this affected the balance of power on the continent. For example, maps of Europe during the Cold War provide a stark illustration of the division between Eastern and Western Europe, while maps of Europe in the aftermath of the fall of the Berlin Wall show how the continent began to come back together.

In conclusion, historical maps of Europe provide valuable insights into the continent’s complex and diverse past. By analyzing maps from different historical periods, historians and scholars can gain a better understanding of how Europe has changed over time and how this has affected its political, cultural, and economic landscape. From ancient maps based on mythology to modern digital maps, the history of Europe can be traced through the evolution of cartography. Whether exploring migration patterns, urbanization, or geopolitical shifts, historical maps are an essential tool for understanding Europe’s past and present.

Tips for Traveling Solo in Europe

Traveling solo can be one of the most liberating experiences you can have, and Europe is a great destination for solo travel. With so much to see and do, it’s no wonder that Europe is such a popular destination for travelers of all kinds. But, as with any trip, traveling solo can be daunting. To help you make the most of your solo trip to Europe, we’ve compiled a list of tips that will make your trip more enjoyable, safe, and unforgettable.

  1. Plan ahead and do your research

When traveling solo, it’s important to plan ahead and do your research. This means researching the destinations you want to visit, booking your accommodations in advance, and planning your itinerary. Make sure to read up on the culture and customs of the countries you plan to visit, as this will help you to blend in and avoid any cultural faux pas.

  1. Pack light

When traveling solo, it’s important to pack light. Not only will this make it easier to move around, but it will also help you to avoid any additional baggage fees. Remember that you will be responsible for carrying all of your luggage, so only pack what you absolutely need.

  1. Stay in hostels or budget hotels

Staying in hostels or budget hotels is a great way to save money when traveling solo in Europe. Not only are these types of accommodations cheaper than hotels, but they also offer the opportunity to meet other travelers. Hostels in particular are known for their social atmosphere, and many offer organized activities and tours.

  1. Learn some basic phrases

While English is widely spoken in many parts of Europe, it’s always a good idea to learn some basic phrases in the local language. This will not only make it easier for you to communicate with locals, but it will also show that you respect and appreciate their culture.

  1. Stay connected

Staying connected when traveling solo is important for both safety and convenience. Make sure to bring a phone that works in Europe, and consider getting a local SIM card for cheaper rates. You may also want to consider purchasing a portable Wi-Fi device, as many hostels and budget hotels may not offer free Wi-Fi.

  1. Stay safe

When traveling solo, it’s important to stay safe. This means being aware of your surroundings, avoiding risky behavior, and keeping your valuables close to you. Make sure to carry a copy of your passport and other important documents with you, and never leave your belongings unattended.

  1. Embrace the local culture

One of the best things about traveling solo in Europe is the opportunity to embrace the local culture. Whether it’s trying new foods, attending local festivals, or learning about the history of the destination, immersing yourself in the local culture can make your trip more memorable and rewarding.

  1. Be flexible

Traveling solo means that you have the freedom to do what you want, when you want. However, it’s also important to be flexible. Plans can change, and sometimes things don’t go as planned. Being flexible and open to new experiences can make your trip more enjoyable and less stressful.

  1. Take advantage of public transportation

Public transportation is a great way to get around when traveling solo in Europe. It’s generally safe, reliable, and affordable. Consider purchasing a multi-day or multi-destination pass, as this can save you money in the long run.

  1. Don’t be afraid to ask for help

Finally, don’t be afraid to ask for help. Whether it’s asking for directions, recommendations for restaurants or activities, or help with a language barrier, locals are often more than happy to assist solo travelers. Just remember to be polite and respectful, and don’t be afraid to step out of your comfort zone.

In conclusion, traveling solo in Europe can be an incredibly rewarding

The Best European Cities for Foodies

Europe is known for its diverse and flavorful cuisine, and foodies from around the world flock to the continent to sample its delicious dishes. Whether you’re a fan of Italian pasta, French pastries, or Spanish tapas, Europe has something to offer every type of food lover. In this article, we’ll highlight some of the best European cities for foodies and the must-try dishes in each destination.

  1. Paris, France

Paris is often regarded as the culinary capital of the world, and for good reason. The city is home to countless Michelin-starred restaurants, charming bistros, and cozy cafes, each serving up their own unique flavors. Must-try dishes in Paris include escargots de Bourgogne (snails in garlic butter), coq au vin (chicken cooked in red wine), and of course, freshly baked croissants and baguettes.

  1. Bologna, Italy

Bologna is a food lover’s paradise, known for its rich pasta dishes, cured meats, and flavorful cheeses. The city is home to some of Italy’s most beloved foods, including ragù alla bolognese (a meat-based sauce served with tagliatelle pasta), mortadella (a type of cured sausage), and parmigiano reggiano cheese. Be sure to also sample some of Bologna’s famous gelato, made with locally sourced ingredients.

  1. Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona is a vibrant and colorful city, with a food scene to match. The city is famous for its tapas, small dishes that are perfect for sharing and trying a variety of flavors. Must-try dishes in Barcelona include patatas bravas (potatoes with spicy sauce), tortilla española (a potato omelet), and paella (a rice dish with seafood or meat). Be sure to also sample some of the city’s refreshing sangria, made with red wine, fruit, and spices.

  1. Brussels, Belgium

Belgium may be small, but it’s a big player in the food world, thanks to its delicious chocolate, waffles, and beer. Brussels, in particular, is known for its traditional dishes, including moules frites (mussels and fries), carbonnade flamande (a beef stew made with beer), and of course, Belgian chocolate. Be sure to also try some of Brussels’ famous waffles, which come in both sweet and savory varieties.

  1. Lisbon, Portugal

Lisbon may not be as famous as some of Europe’s other foodie destinations, but it’s quickly gaining a reputation as a must-visit culinary hotspot. The city is known for its fresh seafood, particularly bacalhau (salted cod), which is a staple in Portuguese cuisine. Other must-try dishes in Lisbon include pastéis de nata (custard tarts), cozido (a hearty stew made with meat and vegetables), and arroz de marisco (seafood rice).

These are just a few of the many European cities that offer delicious cuisine and memorable culinary experiences. Whether you’re a fan of classic French dishes, hearty Italian pasta, or spicy Spanish tapas, there’s a European destination that will satisfy your cravings. So grab your fork and knife and get ready to taste your way through some of the best foodie cities in the world!

A Guide To Some Of The Best Destinations To Visit In Europe

Europe is one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, attracting millions of tourists every year. With its rich history, diverse cultures, and stunning landscapes, it’s no wonder that people from all over the globe come to explore this beautiful continent. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at some of the best destinations to visit in Europe and provide some helpful tips for traveling on a budget.

One of the most popular cities to visit in Europe is Paris, the capital of France. Known as the City of Love, Paris is famous for its romantic architecture, world-class museums, and chic fashion scene. Must-see attractions in Paris include the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, and the Palace of Versailles. Visitors can also enjoy delicious French cuisine at one of the city’s many bistros and cafes.

Another popular destination in Europe is Rome, the capital of Italy. Known as the Eternal City, Rome is home to some of the world’s most famous ancient landmarks, including the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. Visitors can also enjoy world-class Italian cuisine and explore the city’s charming cobblestone streets and historic neighborhoods.

For those interested in history and culture, a trip to Athens, Greece is a must. The birthplace of Western civilization, Athens is home to the Acropolis Athens greeceAcropolis, an ancient citadel perched atop a hill overlooking the city. Visitors can also explore the National Archaeological Museum and the Agora, a marketplace that was the heart of ancient Athens.

For nature lovers, the Swiss Alps offer breathtaking scenery and outdoor adventures. Visitors can ski or snowboard in the winter months, or hike and bike in the summer. The Jungfrau region, located in the heart of the Swiss Alps, is a popular destination for its stunning views and charming mountain villages.

Swiss Alps

While Europe is known for its luxury travel experiences, it’s also possible to travel on a budget. One way to save money is by booking accommodations through sites like Airbnb, which offer affordable alternatives to traditional hotels. Another way to save money is by eating at local markets and street vendors, rather than expensive restaurants.

Traveling by train is also a cost-effective way to get around Europe. The Eurail Pass offers unlimited travel on trains in up to 31 European countries, making it easy to explore multiple destinations without breaking the bank. Visitors can also take advantage of budget airlines like Ryanair and EasyJet, which offer low-cost flights between major cities in Europe.

Eurail train

In conclusion, Europe is a wonderful travel destination with something for everyone. From the bustling cities of Paris and Rome to the natural beauty of the Swiss Alps, there are countless places to explore and experiences to be had. With a bit of planning and budgeting, it’s possible to enjoy all that Europe has to offer without breaking the bank.

Ukraine War Map After One Year – Feb 2023

One Year After Russia’s Attack on Ukraine and Kyiv

Much has happened in this latest assault by Russia on Ukraine. The major take away is that Putin’s attempt to annex all of Ukraine has stalled. Ukranian forces have not only put up a heroic defense, they have taken the fight back to the Russian military and pushed them back to pre-February 2022 battle lines.

Putin and his gernerals believed that this latest assault would be over in a matter of weeks. How wrong they were. Ukraine’s military are not the same as the military that lost the Crimea peninsula in 2014. The Ukrainian army is a much better trained and equipped version thatn it was back then. The world, with a few notable exceptions has rallied around the Ukranina cause and have been willing to supply and train the Ukrainian armed fores. England, The USA and the members of the European union have come to the aid of Ukraine. Notably, Poland has stepped up and aided Ukraine with weapons, ammunition and humanitarian support.

The war has gone relatively well for the Ukranian’s so far. This is not to say that Ukraine and its people have not been brutalized by the Russian war machine but things have stabalized so much over the winter, that many foreign politicians and dignataries are able to visit Kyiv. Even the United States president Joe Biden was able to meet with Vladamir Zelensky on the aniversary of Russia’s attack on the capital. Biden announced that there will be a new round of sanctions on Russia and any nation that tries to backfill Russia’s war machine. This was met with thanks from president Zelensky.

Ukraine War Map Today

Below we have an animated map of the war in Ukraine. It starts February 2022 and shows advances by Russian and Ukrainian forces to February 2023.

Animated map of the war in Ukraine. 1 year on from February 2022
Animated map of the war in Ukraine. 1 year on from February 2022
The war is by no means over and it looks like as the European winter starts to thaw that a new assault has started to be prepared by the Russians. However the Ukranian military has been building up and preparing over the winter and it looks like they are ready to start pushing the Russians out of their country. The Ukranina military is fighting to save it’s people and it’s nation. Hopefully this new fighting season proves successful for them.

Rail Europe Map 2023

Eurail Map 2023

We have updated this map for the year 2023.

Here we have an updated map of all the intercontinental railway lines of Europe. 2023 is fast approaching and rail network will not be changing next year so we though we would put this up for those trying to play their European holiday in 2019.

There are a number of ways of getting cheap travel through out Europe and a Eurail pass in one of those. It will get you anywhere in Europe for a one off fee, depending on how long you are travelling for.

Although air fares can be cheap these day, you miss so much when flying. The train lets you experience Europe in a different and more involving way. You travel in the luxury you can afford and even meet people along the way.

Travelling by train around Europe can be a destination in itself, something you can’t say about plane flights.

10 Smallest Countries in Europe

What are the 10 smallest countries in Europe?

In 2020 this list has not changed. The only real difference to the current map of Europe is that the UK has left the European Union because of Brexit.

This is a list of the ten (10) smallest countries within Europe. What constitutes a country can be debated and while this list is meant to be educational. It is also meant to be fun and is not sticking to the strict description of country.

  • Vatican City
  • Monaco
  • San Marino
  • Liechtenstein
  • Plus 6 more…

1. Vatican City

Vatican city flag
Vatican City flag

Technically Vatican City is considered a ‘sovereign city-state’ and is only 0.44 km2 in size. Not only is this the smallest country in Europe but also one of the smallest in the world. This is a country within a city. The Vatican is situated in the City of Rome. It is isn’t even big enough to be considered a suburb. That gives you some idea about it’s size. The head of the country is the Pope and population of about 800 people is mostly made up of clergy and supporting staff.

2. Monaco

Monaco flag
Monaco flag

Monaco is famous around the world as the centre of  luxury, opulence and gambling in Europe. It is only 1.95 km2 and is formally known as the Principality of Monaco. Like Vatican City it is also is a “sovereign city-state”. It is completely surrounded by France and has access to the Mediterranean Sea. The head of state is known as the prince of Monaco and it has a population of approximately 38,000 people.

3. San Marino

San Marino flag
San Marino flag

The Republic of San Marino is only 61 km2. It is the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world. It has a population of about 31,000 people and is a enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy.

4. Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein flag
Liechtenstein flag

the Principality of Liechtenstein is 160 km2 in area and has a population of about 37,000 people. One interesting fact about Liechtenstein is that it has the highest gross domestic product per person in the world. It is also infamously known as a tax haven. Recently tax avoiders who have been using Liechtenstein’s services have had their names leaked. This seems have facilitated a move by Liechtenstein to move away from that tax haven status.

5. Malta

Malta flag
Malta flag

Malta is made up of three different islands in the Mediterranean . The islands of Malta, Gozo and Comino. Situated south of Sicily, the islands get very mild weather. It 316 km2 and has a population of about 418, 000 citizens. The capital of Malta is Valletta, which has a population of about 7000 citizens.

6. Andorra

Andorra flag
Andorra flag

Andorra is situated on the border of Spain and France and has a population of about 85,000 people. It is a tax haven and known for cheap duty free goods. It is also known for it’s ski resorts. Land area is 468 km2 and has been an independent principality since 1278.

7. Luxembourg

Luxembourg flag
Luxembourg flag

Luxembourg is a Grand Duchy that is situated on the borders of France, Belgium and Germany with a area of 2,586 km2. This landlocked country has a population of about 530,000 individuals. It has three official languages French, German and Luxembourgish.

8. Cyprus

Cyprus flag
Cyprus flag

Cyprus is an Island off the coast of Turkey which covers 9,251 km2. It has had a very chequered recent past, where Turkey and Greece fought a war to control it. These days it is relatively peaceful and is a tourist Mecca. It is peppered with ancient monuments and sites, so history buffs are catered for. It has also some of the best beaches in the Mediterranean and for something different the visitor can go have a look at the demilitarized zone (the border between the Turkish and Greek areas).

9. Kosovo

Kosovo flag
Kosovo flag

At the time of writing this article Kosovo was Europe’s newest country and at 10,887 km2 is the second largest in this group of countries. Kosovo seceded from Serbia in 2008 although Russia and Serbia do not recognize the newly formed republic. The mostly Albanian population is friendly and very welcoming of tourists. The official languages are Albanian and Serbian, although many of Kosovo’s younger citizens understand English.

10. Montenegro

Montenegro flag
Montenegro flag

The small country of Montenegro is yet another former member of the Yugoslavian republic. At 13,812 km2 it is the largest of this group of small countries. A beautiful little country nestled on the Adriatic coast. You can be dipping your feet in the Adriatic one moment and an hour later you are skiing.

Map of Hungary

Hungary map

We have added a new Hungary map for 2019 as the old one was starting to show some wear and tear. it shows all the provinces, capital city, major cities and major roads.

As people generate more revenues these days, they are now getting more inclined to leisure activities. Leisure, nowadays, becomes more like a “necessity” for most people, and travelling has become one of the most popular among these recreational activities. In this light, a lot of countries have invested so much in their local tourism, and one of these nations would be Hungary – the house of the biggest thermal water system.

Hungary, or currently called as the Republic of Hungary, is a small country situated in the middle section of Central Europe. Bearing the crown as one of the oldest countries in Europe, Hungary, with Budapest as its capital and largest city, is a haven of beautiful tourist attractions, the home of the legendary Hungarian hospitality, fun-loving people, rich cultural heritage, splendid architectural infrastructures, and other insurmountable exciting activities which visitors can indulge into. Following the map of Hungary, Budapest is surrounded by countries such as Slovakia from the north, Ukraine and Romania from the east, Austria from the west and Serbia and Croatia to the south. Every year, as one of the thirty most populated tourist destinations of the world, approximately 8 million tourists from the different parts of the globe is attracted to travel Hungary each year.

Going to Hungary on a holiday or vacation will be worth all the time and effort; one can feel the serenity and revitalizing atmosphere so much that all the stresses and hassles of everything you have left behind on another country just drains away. Take a trip to Lemmenjoki National Park and Oulanka National Park and hike through their treks, you’ll really appreciate the beauty and power of nature in the imposing heights of the conifers and clarity of the lakes, you’ll even get to see Hungary’s national Bird, the Whooper swan!

Some of the attractions the guests would expect when they travel Hungary would include Roman ruins and ancient Turkish monuments, which are very convenient to visit since the edifices are found side by side. And among these breathtaking primeval buildings would include Castle Hill, which is often coined as Buda’s “old town”. With a little of touch of modern architectural designs, this centuries-old building has gone through a lot of renovations using vintage materials. Another famous landmark would be the Buda Royal Palace – a humongous building located at the southern end of the Castle Hill. Having been rebuilt 400 years ago, this antique palace now homes the National Széchenyi Library, Budapest History Museum, and the Hungarian National Gallery. Another famous tourist spot would be the Gellért Hill. Almost visible from everywhere in Budapest, this 14-metre monument is one of the memorable landmarks in the land. With a Freedom Monument on its peak, this monument symbolizes the country’s liberty from the supremacy of the Nazis. Among the other prominent “prides” of the city would include the Fisherman’s Bastion (often the first part of vacation tours), The Chain Bridge (the bridge that links Buda and Pest), the world’s second biggest Parliament, St. Stephen Basilica, The Great Synagogue (second largest in the world), Hero’s Square, Balaton – the largest fresh water lake providing a natural utopia for tourists, and the Margaret Island, where people can relax and enjoy great amenities, including a sport stadium, numerous tennis courts, an outdoor swimming complex, an open air theatre, Japanese and Rose gardens, early medieval ruins, two spa hotels and a beer garden.

As Hungary tourism marks a spot in the world of global travel, countless luxurious hotels, restaurants and cheap car rental services have sprung for the convenience and comfort of the guests. With numerous spectacular scenes to witness and with the presence of a lot of amenities within the locality for suitability, a vacation in Hungary would indeed be an escape worth remembering.

Hungary is still on the Europe map in 2020.

The old Map of Hungary is down below:

map of Hungary

Map of Croatia 2023

Croatia Map

We have added a new Croatia Map. The old one has become a bit long in the tooth but does have some characteristics that the new map doesn’t. So we have included it below if you are here looking for that map.

This new map was added in 2019 and includes all major roads, provinces and larger towns and cities. The provinces and capital cities are included in the table below and are in population order.

Croatia is still on the Europe map for the year 2023.

City / town County Population
Zagreb  Zagreb 802,588
Split  Split-Dalmatia 178,102
Rijeka  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 128,624
Osijek  Osijek-Baranja 108,048
Zadar  Zadar County 75,062
Velika Gorica  Zagreb County 63,517
Slavonski Brod  Brod-Posavina 59,141
Pula/Pola  Istria County 57,460
Karlovac  Karlovac County 55,705
Sisak  Sisak-Moslavina 47,768
Varaždin  Varaždin County 46,946
Šibenik  Šibenik-Knin 46,332
Dubrovnik  Dubrovnik-Neretva 42,615
Bjelovar  Bjelovar-Bilogora 40,276
Kaštela  Split-Dalmatia 38,667
Samobor  Zagreb County 37,633
Vinkovci  Vukovar-Srijem 35,312
Koprivnica  Koprivnica-Križevci 30,854
Đakovo  Osijek-Baranja 27,745
Vukovar  Vukovar-Srijem 27,683
Čakovec  Međimurje 27,104
Požega  Požega-Slavonia 26,248
Zaprešić  Zagreb County 25,223
Sinj  Split-Dalmatia 24,826
Petrinja  Sisak-Moslavina 24,671
Solin  Split-Dalmatia 23,926
Kutina  Sisak-Moslavina 22,760
Virovitica  Virovitica-Podravina County 21,291
Križevci  Koprivnica-Križevci 21,122
Sveta Nedelja  Zagreb County 18,059
Dugo Selo  Zagreb County 17,466
Metković  Dubrovnik-Neretva 16,788
Poreč/Parenzo  Istria County 16,696
Našice  Osijek-Baranja 16,224
Sveti Ivan Zelina  Zagreb County 15,959
Jastrebarsko  Zagreb County 15,866
Knin  Šibenik-Knin 15,407
Omiš  Split-Dalmatia 14,936
Vrbovec  Zagreb County 14,797
Ivanić-Grad  Zagreb County 14,548
Rovinj/Rovigno  Istria County 14,294
Nova Gradiška  Brod-Posavina 14,229
Ogulin  Karlovac County 13,915
Makarska  Split-Dalmatia 13,834
Ivanec  Varaždin County 13,758
Slatina  Virovitica-Podravina County 13,686
Novska  Sisak-Moslavina 13,518
Umag/Umago  Istria County 13,467
Novi Marof  Varaždin County 13,246
Trogir  Split-Dalmatia 13,192
Gospić  Lika-Senj 12,745
Krapina  Krapina-Zagorje 12,480
Županja  Vukovar-Srijem 12,090
Popovača  Sisak-Moslavina 11,905
Opatija  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 11,659
Labin/Albona  Istria County 11,642
Daruvar  Bjelovar-Bilogora 11,633
Valpovo  Osijek-Baranja 11,563
Pleternica  Požega-Slavonia 11,323
Duga Resa  Karlovac County 11,180
Crikvenica  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 11,122
Benkovac  Zadar County 11,026
Belišće  Osijek-Baranja 10,825
Imotski  Split-Dalmatia 10,764
Garešnica  Bjelovar-Bilogora 10,472
Kastav  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 10,440
Ploče  Dubrovnik-Neretva 10,135
Beli Manastir  Osijek-Baranja 10,068
Otočac  Lika-Senj 9,778
Donji Miholjac  Osijek-Baranja 9,491
Glina  Sisak-Moslavina 9,283
Trilj  Split-Dalmatia 9,109
Zabok  Krapina-Zagorje 8,994
Vodice  Šibenik-Knin 8,875
Pazin/Pisino  Istria County 8,638
Ludbreg  Varaždin County 8,478
Pakrac  Požega-Slavonia 8,460
Lepoglava  Varaždin County 8,283
Bakar  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 8,279
Đurđevac  Koprivnica-Križevci 8,264
Mali Lošinj  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 8,116
Čazma  Bjelovar-Bilogora 8,077
Rab  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 8,065
Prelog  Međimurje 7,815
Drniš  Šibenik-Knin 7,498
Senj  Lika-Senj 7,182
Ozalj  Karlovac County 6,817
Ilok  Vukovar-Srijem 6,767
Pregrada  Krapina-Zagorje 6,594
Vrgorac  Split-Dalmatia 6,572
Grubišno Polje  Bjelovar-Bilogora 6,478
Varaždinske Toplice  Varaždin County 6,364
Otok  Vukovar-Srijem 6,343
Mursko Središće  Međimurje 6,307
Krk  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 6,281
Kutjevo  Požega-Slavonia 6,247
Lipik  Požega-Slavonia 6,170
Oroslavje  Krapina-Zagorje 6,138
Buzet/Pinguente  Istria County 6,133
Vodnjan/Dignano  Istria County 6,119
Zlatar  Krapina-Zagorje 6,096
Delnice  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 5,952
Donja Stubica  Krapina-Zagorje 5,680
Korčula  Dubrovnik-Neretva 5,663
Biograd na Moru  Zadar County 5,569
Orahovica  Virovitica-Podravina County 5,304
Buje/Buie  Istria County 5,182
Novi Vinodolski  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 5,113
Slunj  Karlovac County 5,076
Vrbovsko  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 5,076
Kraljevica  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 4,618
Novigrad/Cittànova  Istria County 4,345
Obrovac  Zadar County 4,323
Hvar  Split-Dalmatia 4,251
Supetar  Split-Dalmatia 4,074
Pag  Zadar County 3,846
Skradin  Šibenik-Knin 3,825
Čabar  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 3,770
Novalja  Lika-Senj 3,663
Opuzen  Dubrovnik-Neretva 3,254
Klanjec  Krapina-Zagorje 2,915
Cres  Primorje-Gorski Kotar 2,879
Stari Grad  Split-Dalmatia 2,781
Hrvatska Kostajnica  Sisak-Moslavina 2,756
Nin  Zadar County 2,744
Vrlika  Split-Dalmatia 2,177
Vis  Split-Dalmatia 1,934
Komiža  Split-Dalmatia 1,526

Whether you intend to visit Croatia as a tourist or just for any other activities, you will definitely fall in love with the cities, the people and the country as a whole. This map of Croatia will help you discover its delights. The country is located in Europe and has a bigger population than most other European countries. The country is a member of the European Union and has for a long time been involved in major decision making processes of the union.

There are cheap flights available from major airlines to Croatia any month of the year. The cheap flights are available online and offline. Many airlines offer the cheap flights during the festive seasons or their respective anniversaries. It can sometimes be tricky to get the cheap flights but with patience and a little research, the cheap flights can be found without having to struggle.

There are many more Tourist Attractions in Croatia than in most other European countries. In fact Croatia is one of Europe’s premier travel destinations. They are located in different places within the country and they charge reasonably affordable charges for their services. Zagreb is one of the cities tourists will definitely fall in love with. The city is Croatia’s capital and has numerous museums and galleries for every art and history lover. Accommodations in Zagreb are not a challenge but compared to other cities and towns hotels and lodges here are slightly expensive. To find a good place to stay during your vacation or holiday, make early bookings. These can be done online or through your travel agency. With early bookings you can secure reduced charges and probably get the best room a guest house or a lodge has. All places rendering accommodation services treat their guests like royalty so you should not worry at all about when kind of treatment you will receive.

There are nice beaches on the coastline where all the fun begins. Here, one gets to sample all the seafood available and even have a chance to chat with the locals. The seafood can be served hot on the beach or if you like, you can make a room service order and enjoy the food in the privacy of your own room. There are also beach games like beach volleyball and beach soccer. Then there is the wonderful under water adventures that come along with scuba diving. If you have never tried under water experience, try it in Croatia. You will definitely love the experience. There are other lots of parks to enjoy all across Croatia. To find out more about the cool places in Croatia consult your travel guide agency.

Before you travel Croatia, make sure you know the kind of weather you are going to find there. Summers are mostly crowded with tourist flying to the coastal parts of Croatia while winters have fewer flights because of the cold weather. The best time to fly to Croatia is during spring when the weather is cool and there are cheap flights to most cities of Europe. Then make sure you find some time to chat with the locals. You will fall in love with them due to their friendly nature. Lastly get a map of Croatia so you will know where to go around.

Below we have our old Map of Croatia.
map of Croatia

EU Map | European Union Map 2023

Map of the EU

Click on the image above to get a large version of the map of the European Union. The European Union is currently a conglomeration of 27 European countries, which we will list below. The United Kingdom has now left the European Union but judging by the political termoil in late 2022 it may re-enter the EU at some time in the future.  The only hard border  affected by this is the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Currently the EU has a population of about 447,007,596 people and an area of 4,233,255.3 km2 but as mentioned above thie will all change soon. The EU started with the treaty of Paris in 1951 and was only made up of six countries. This being the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and West Germany and originated from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and in 1957 at the treaty of Rome the European Economic Community (EEC) was brought into being. The Maastricht Treaty of 1993 brought into being the European Union as we know it today.

EU Map 2023
EU Map 2023

Map of the EU 2023

With Boris Johnson winning the UK election in 2019 with a thumping majority the current EU map is going to change in a very big way. All us map making sites are in a bit of “tizzy” as to how to handle this. Here at we have decided that for now we will be including Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland. This is no way represents the current geopolitical situation on the ground in the emerald isle. However for clarity we have undertaken to keep all of Ireland the same color until we get a clearer understanding of how the soft border in the middle of the Irish Sea works.

Boris Johnson’s plan for Brexit has an article which basically states the following:

“It says that goods going into Northern Ireland from Great Britain will not be subject to tariffs “unless that good is at risk of subsequently being moved into the European Union and that household goods will be exempt.”.

However in reality the European Union has veto over exemptions and Northern Ireland loses most of its control over goods travelling from the United Kingdom, through Northern Ireland and into the European Union. This becomes the famous border or line in the middle of the Irish Sea which the DUP “Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party” is totally against but can do nothing about.

Brexit could be the catalyst to Scotland finally leaving the United Kingdom. Another referendum seems to be on the table and polls have the leave vote ahead of the stay vote. The Scottish National Party (SNP) has made it clear that they are not in favor of braking away from the European Union but they will have no choice under Boris Johnson’s regime. The year 2020 is going to be a very interesting year for Europe and the European Union.

We now have an overall Europe Map. We also have an update World Map for 2023

List of the Countries in the EU


Name Capital Accession
Austria Vienna 1 January 1995
Belgium Brussels Founder
Bulgaria Sofia 1 January 2007
Croatia Zagreb 1 July 2013
Cyprus Nicosia 1 May 2004
Czech Republic Prague 1 May 2004
Denmark Copenhagen 1 January 1973
Estonia Tallinn 1 May 2004
Finland Helsinki 1 January 1995
France Paris Founder
Germany Berlin Founder[o]
Greece Athens 1 January 1981
Hungary Budapest 1 May 2004
Ireland Dublin 1 January 1973
Italy Rome Founder
Latvia Riga 1 May 2004
Lithuania Vilnius 1 May 2004
Luxembourg Luxembourg City Founder
Malta Valletta 1 May 2004
Netherlands Amsterdam Founder
Poland Warsaw 1 May 2004
Portugal Lisbon 1 January 1986
Romania Bucharest 1 January 2007
Slovakia Bratislava 1 May 2004
Slovenia Ljubljana 1 May 2004
Spain Madrid 1 January 1986
Sweden Stockholm 1 January 1995

For posterity we have included the old, pre-brexit map of of the European Union below! It is a shame that the United Kingdom has opted to leave but hopefully they will return in the future.

OLD EU Map pre brexit

Here at Europe map, we now have a Europe Map for 2023. Here is a direct link to the Europe Map Image.

Map of Spain

Map of Spain
Map of Spain

Spain is a lovely place to visit, with one of Europe’s best climates and friendly people to boot. A vacation to Spain will leave you with some amazing lasting memories. Travel around this wonderful country is easy. You can’t escape Spain’s history and culture even if you wanted to. It is simply everywhere. Spain wears it’s history proudly from the Basque region in the north to the borders of Portugal in the south. A summer holiday in Spain is something everyone should at least once in their life. The warm weather will even allow for you to backpack around Spain and if you cant get accommodation just camp somewhere. All you really need is a sleeping bag and a small roll up mattress, this is even better (safer) if you do it as a group. As with anywhere there are elements that could spoil your holiday so make sure to take out some good travel insurance. There are many good travel insurance companies around the web, so do some research and ask your travel agent to get you some quotes. However make sure you check as travel agents can often have incentives to push certain insurance policies and may not always be offering the cheapest or the best. A good map of Spain will not go amiss when travelling through this wonderful country.

Cheap tickets to Spain are always on offer. Budget airlines are constantly fighting each other for business. If you wait and time your purchases right you can get some incredible deals. Spain has one of the best train networks in Europe and rail is a viable alternative to flying. The beauty of rail is that it also lets you take in the magnificent vistas that the countryside offers, rather than just flying over the top of it.

Like France, every type of tourism is catered for. Scenic tourism, cultural tourism, historical tourism, relaxation and shopping. You can do one or more of these in a day. You could take in the historical sites of Madrid by day and then go out to some of the best restaurants, bars and cafes at night. Culture comes in many forms and Madrid has them all from bull fights and running with the bulls all the way through to opera. Madrid has been voted one of the worlds most liveable cities on a number of occasions and there is no wonder why. A gorgeous town with a wonderfully friendly population.

Here are some facts about Spain

Official name is the Kingdom of Spain. It is situated in central Europe. Bordered by the countries : Portugal and France. The Seas that border it are : Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscal and Mediterranean Sea. The land mass is 504,030 km/squared and a population of approximately 46 million people. The capital city is Madrid. Spain’s political system is a Parliamentary democracy and constitutional and the official language is Spanish.

Spain is still on the 2020 version of the Europe map.

Map of Serbia

Serbia Map

We have added a new Serbia map for 2019. it shows all the major roads, provinces, capital city and other major cities.

Serbia is on the Europe map for 2020 but isn’t on the EU Map for 2020.

In the map of Europe, you can actually see a lot of potential places one can have their dream vacation. One of the most popular countries that are known to give maximum satisfaction to foreigners is Serbia. Tourists in the place will get the chance to enjoy the national parks found in Belgrade. Mountain resorts are also widely available in the place that it leads the tourists to visit the country very often. In fact, it is claimed that Serbia possesses a terrific beauty of mountains, lakes, ski resorts and reservoirs. During summer, it is noticeable that there is a heavy influx of German, Italian, English and French tourists, while New Year is reserved for the Slovenian nationals. Also, one of the best characteristics of Serbian which lead people to visit the place more often is the hospitality shown by the Serbians towards the country’s tourists.

When you get to visit the map of Serbia, you will be able to see lots of Serbia destinations which would surely bring you a one of a kind vacation experience.

If you get to travel Serbia, you will be able to see the marvellous nature-endowed tourist destinations which no other tourist spots could parallel with. All you have to do is ride by a plane from London which would just usually take you about 2 hours and 40 minutes. However, it should be noted that the national airline, the Jat Airways, does not cater direct flights coming from the US. If you are coming from the neighbouring European countries, you can travel Serbia by rail or by road though bus, trains and buses. When you are in Serbia already, you could avail of the car rental services which are offered at a relatively affordable price.

With regards to the accommodation within Serbia, you can find concentrations of Deluxe and 5-star hotels in Belgrade and Novi Sad. The smaller towns offer hotels that are mid-price or owned and operated by the state. Furthermore, some of these state-owned hotels have been bought by private institutions and are refurbished to meet the current demand of the foreigners and tourist when it comes to comfort and style. Overall, the hotels in Serbia are collectively great. Prices of the accommodations actually vary being the 5-star class hotels, the most expensive. Aside from this, there are also small boutique hotels that can be seen in Nis, Belgrade and Novi Sad.

But there is more, if you are finding alternative places to stay in Serbia you can actually rent a Camper and roam around Serbia without hassle. A list of companies that offer camper truck rentals can be found on National Tourism Organisation of Serbia.  There are also several inns and motels along the major roads of Serbia. Prices actually vary based on several factors like tourist season, location and the quality of service rendered.

If you have the desire to roam around Europe, never miss going to Serbia for this place would surely bring you the kind of vacation you have been dreaming of.

Below we have the old map of Serbia.
map of Serbia

Map of Montenegro

Montegro is still on the Europe map for 2020 but not on the European Union map for 2020.

If you love travelling around the world, then you should not miss passing through Montenegro. Because of the scenic and beautiful attractions which the country offers which you will see in the map of Montenegro, the number of tourists and visitors who are coming to the place increases almost every year. In fact, tourism is one of the major industries which keep Montenegro a progressing country today.

Back in the 1980’s, the country is well known be a good tourist destination because of the combination of coastal and mountainous sceneries. Until today, the country receives a lot of international awards because of the beauty it possesses. Some of the recognitions which were awarded to the country include “50 Places of a Lifetime”, “Top 31 Places to Go in 2010″ and “10 Top Hot Spots of 2009″. In fact, the country is considered to be one of the fast growing tourism industries in the worlds.

Getting to Montenegro has never been this fast because of the presence of Montenegro Airlines, the national airline of the country. If you are coming from Paris, the flight would usually take around 2 hours and 40 minutes while from Budapest, it would just take you 1 hour and 10 minutes. However, you could still get to Montenegro by water, by rail or by the land.

Sightseeing in Montenegro would be more efficient and worthwhile if you get to have a car. To cater your need for car rental, there are lots of for hire car firms in the airport as well as in the maintown which are 24/7 ready to be of service to you.

To travel Montenegro would surely be a worthwhile and memorable experience to you and your family. For your comfortable and cozy accommodation needs, you may check in to some of the most luxurious hotels found in coastal areas which are rated from 1-star to 5-star hotels. The mountainous and coastal sceneries found in the country lead the hotels to be fully-booked all year round. This is why is strongly advised to have an advance booking or reservation to the hotels of your desire.

Montenegro has really lots to offer which is why many tourists keep on coming back to the place. In Kotor, you will be amazed with the ancient Venetian architecture, a clock tower which has already been present since the 17th century, the Cathedral of St Tiphun which is known for its glorious twin towers and museums. Just above Kotor, you will be able to take a mountain trek in Lovcen.

Montenegro is also proud to present the beauty within Ulcinj which is considered to the one of the most aged towns. Ulcinj contains the Renaissance Church Mosque and the Balsica Tower which really engrossed people to come again and visit the place. In Ulcinj, you could have day trips along the lengthy beach of Velika Plaza, go to Sasko Lake, scuba diving, Jet Ski, boat tours and kite surfing. In fact, it is deemed that Montenegro possesses the finest and the best beaches in the Mediterranean. With the place’s 2000-year old history, extensive fine sand beaches, rolling hillsides and hospitality of the Montenegrins, it is no wonder that Montenegro highly commend this place to be a great spot to have your family vacations. You will also enjoy other activities such as hiking, paragliding, rafting and biking in one of the UNESCO awarded World Natural Heritage because of the glacial landscapes, pine forests, deep gorges and high peaks, the Durmitor National Park.
With the country’s beauty endowed by nature, it is no wonder that Montenegro continues to be the emerging tourist destination in Europe today.

Old map of Montenegro is below.
map of Montenegro

Map of Google Street View Coverage in Germany and Austria

Both the countries of Germany and Austria had decided in 2010 to not allow Google street view operate in the respective countries. This decision has made for a very unusual map of Germany and Austria. In the map above you can see that the countries all around have squiggly green lines all over them. These are the areas that a Google street view vehicle has managed to record.

One of the reasons that were given for this ban was that Google was recording personal information from wireless networks the vehicles encountered and the respective governments felt this may have been against some statutes.

Austria in 2011 lifted the ban on Google street view with the proviso that only photos are allowed and not video. However google did not venture back into the alpine country until 2017. Progress has been slow and so far only very little of the country has been added to the street view database.


We have added a new Slovakia map for 2019. It shows all the major roads, major cities, Capital city and Provinces.

Slovakia is a small country located in the Central Europe, south of Poland. Most part of the country is rugged and mountainous. Thus, it is a perfect destination for winter sports of all kinds. Bratislava is the capital city of this nation, where population is about 431,000 and still counting. It is the cultural, political and economic centre of Slovakia. This is where a large number of museums, galleries, theatres, universities and other cultural and educational institutions are found.

When you choose to travel Slovakia, you will come across with European style of museums like the largest Slovak National Gallery at Razusovo. This is where you can find the baroque and gothic art, which are truly remarkable. Historically restored both permanent and temporary art exhibitions are also set up in the following palaces in Old Town. Just to name a few, that would be Palffy Palace, Primate Palace, Mirbach and Zichy Palace. The history of Bratislava, especially during the 19th and early 20thcentury life in the city can be seen in one of the city’s museum on Primicialne. It possesses such a wonderful history that you can experience if you choose to travel this country.

If you are looking for a place to visit during this holiday season, consider Slovakia as your one stop destination. This is a not so big country when we speak about space area. However, this place can be good for recreational purposes because it is not overcrowded as compared to other popular countries. Aside from the ski resorts that are often visited by the locals on the south of the country, the capital city of Slovakia has a full directory of different pubs, bars and cafes. Search for a particular place to drink if you want to spend and enjoyable night with friends and families. If you want a martini darling or have some good taste of vodka, Cirkus Barok and Trafo Music Bar are places that you should pay a visit. If gaming is what you desired, sports and Guinness can be experienced at Dubliner Pub. There is certainly a type of activity, which you can enjoy with the different café districts at Bratislava.

Spending an active holiday would also be possible in Slovakia. This country now becomes one of the new winter destinations because of its fantastic site for skiing and snowboarding. If you are a winter sport lover, Slovakia is a good destination for you. Map of Slovakia will show that almost all mountains are suitable and most are properly equipped for a safe and enjoyable skiing, hiking and horse riding. Hiking in Slovakia Mountains is an activity that you should never miss being engaged into. High Tatras are stunningly beautiful and extremely challenging for adventurous and outdoor enthusiasts. Hiking trails on this area are approximately open from July 1 to October 15, depending on the weather.

The capital city Bratislava in Slovakia has a marvelous range of hotels and apartments that you can choose from. You will surely find a place to rest that will suit your budget. Looking for a hotel in Bratislava can be tricky during peak seasons of winter and summer vacations. However, you need not to worry yourself about it because there are other hotels around the place that will not command a much higher price. Therefore, when thinking about the next place to have a vacation, Slovakia is one of the top destinations that you should never fail to spot.

Old map of Slovakia


Map of Albania

Albania Map

For 2019 we have added a new Albania map. The old one was starting to look a bit dated and a few things had changed since that map was drawn.

Words cannot describe the beautiful and almost untouched coastlines in Albania. You can walk across Europe and still come back to Albania for a wonderful beach experience. As you enjoy the silence and tranquility of the beaches, you cannot help but notice two great things other beaches fail to offer; privacy and solitude. It.s as if you are all alone in paradise with nothing to worry about. All you can see around you is but the blue waters and the stretched white sands across the coastline. One wishes the holiday and the vacation would last a lifetime.

The Albanian weather tends to vary from north to south as the country lies in latitude. With perfect summer temperatures of up to 24 Celsius (75 Fahrenheit), one can peacefully raft in the waters or just bask along the coastline. Temperatures during winter may be as low as 7 °C (45 °F) which is perfect for sightseeing. One of the coolest things you cannot fail to notice is the cool Mediterranean weather in the coastal lowland and the pleasant Mediterranean climate of the highlands. This weather characteristics completely alien to top European travel destinations.

Nature lovers will definitely fall in love with the rich biological diversity of Albania. The country is rich in both flora and fauna. A third of Albania is forested with over 3000 plant species growing in some of these forests. The forests are home to several mammals like the lynx, wild bears, wolves and foxes as well as the rare wildcat. Different bird species also inhabit the forests. A good example of such birds is the golden eagle which is Albania.s national symbol.

There are several car rental services in Albania where you can rent a car for few days to get around the city. The car rental services are offered at affordable rates and pricing depends on factors like the make of the car and how long you intend to hire the car. Other car rental services can also be found online through the respective car rental websites.

The Albanian cuisine is arguably one of the best you will come across in the Europe. It is a blend of the Italian, Greek and Turkish cuisine. The main dish is known asgjellë and is always served with salads, mostly during lunchtimes which is Albanians main meal. In other areas especially along the coast and lakes, seafood is very common but still, you will not fail to notice the famous gjellë. It’s almost like the Americans and pizza.

If you are visiting Albania for the first time, be sure of having your way around and enjoying you holiday or vacation. Travel Albania and have fun as the map of Albania is easy to follow. The Albanian people are friendly and will help you find your way around Albania should you get lost. With a population of over 800,000, Tirana, the Albanian capital city is an easy to go through city. Here you will find good hotels and people who speak good English, something that spices up you entire vacation in Albania.

Here is the old map of Albania
map of Albania

Map of Slovenia

Slovenia Map

We have added a new Slovenia map for 2019 as the old one was starting to show some wear and tear. it shows all the provinces, capital city, major cities and major roads.

Slovenia lies in the heart of Europe. This small green country has an area measuring 20, 273 km2 and has a population of 2 million. It is the only country in Europe that combines the Alps, Mediterranean, Pannonian plain and the Karst. Ljubljana is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. The city is the political, economic and cultural center of the country. Using an interactive map, you can find the hottest spots in town. You can also find what accommodation is available and where the main attractions of the country are located. This will give you a clear view on how to spend your vacation and how much budget you need to set for this trip.

The weather in Slovenia varies from season to season. Therefore, it is worth checking the weather when you are up for a travel to this country. The average temperature is above 20°C in July and around 0°C in January. This will give you an idea what type of clothes you should bring along, so that you can dress up and equip yourself appropriately. There are 3 climatic influences that meet in the country. You should need to know this basic information to make your travel in Slovenia more relaxed and undisturbed as possible.

When you are planning to travel, consider Slovenia as one of your next destination stop. You will really enjoy travelling here since this is a very safe country even late at night in the city. You would not find any difficulty when you are in need of something, from cash to medicines and even strolling around museums and galleries. Each has its own time schedule. This is also one that you should take note when heading for a travel in this green country.  The usual opening schedule for museums is from 9 AM or 10 AM – 5 PM or 6 PM, from Tuesday to Sunday and closes every Mondays.

Visit one of the numerous information centres located throughout the map of Slovenia for free assistance and travel guide. There are about 83 centres available. If you need any information about a particular destination, this is the best place to go. Several tourist attractions await you in Slovenia. You can come across with different historical eras and know their rich, cultural and historic heritage by visiting the country’s museums, galleries and libraries. Never miss visiting places like Bled Castle, Ljubljana Castle, Predjama Castle and Celje’s old Castle. These are must-sees in any trip to Slovenia.

There are plenty of suggestions if you are aiming to explore a specific part of the country, but want to know if it is worth visiting. Look for tips about what to do during weekends. Slovenia is the right place to go if you want to have an active and fun weekend. The capital city of the country that is Ljubljana is usually an essential part in a visit. This part should not be missed. It is so called a lively place in whatever season. From market to restaurant and cafes, you will surely have days full of fun. Travel Slovenia and you will be sure of finding something that will suit your taste and budget.

Old map of Slovenia
map of Slovenia

Map of Poland

Poland Map

We have added a Poland map for 2019 and beyond. Below is a List of Provinces and some of the stats about those provinces.

Abbreviation Province Polish Name Capital Cities Population Area Sqare Km
DS Lower Silesian dolnośląskie Wrocław 2,901,000 19,947
KP Kuyavian-Pomeranian kujawsko-pomorskie Bydgoszcz1,Toruń2 2,079,900 17,972
LU Lublin lubelskie Lublin 2,121,600 25,122
LB Lubusz lubuskie Gorzów Wielkopolski1,
Zielona Góra2
LD Łódź łódzkie Łódź 2,470,610 18,219
MA Lesser Poland małopolskie Kraków 3,395,700 15,183
MZ Masovian mazowieckie Warsaw 5,391,813 35,558
OP Opole opolskie Opole 988,031 9,412
PK Subcarpathian podkarpackie Rzeszów 2,128,747 17,846
PD Podlaskie podlaskie Białystok 1,182,700 20,187
PM Pomeranian pomorskie Gdańsk 2,328,200 18,310
SL Silesian śląskie Katowice 4,540,100 12,333
SK Holy Cross świętokrzyskie Kielce 1,244,400 11,711
WN Warmian-Masurian warmińsko-mazurskie Olsztyn 1,431,100 24,173
WP Greater Poland wielkopolskie Poznań 3,490,597 29,826
ZP West Pomeranian zachodniopomorskie Szczecin 1,703,000 22,892

Visiting Poland would never be fun and memorable enough if you have not visited the Baltic coast and the Slowinski National Park. Poland proudly presents these tourist destinations in Europe because of the beauty and amazement they offer to the tourists. Moreover, in the map of Poland, you get to visit Pope John Paul II’s place of origin in Europe.

If you are the kind who is endowed with the passion for history, then you should travel Poland. To guide you with your traveling activity, you may take a look at the Map of Poland for it will surely lead you to places with overwhelming and awesome sceneries.

To get to Poland in the fastest way possible, you could avail of the service of Poland’s official airline, the Lot Polish Airlines. If you are coming from London, you will reach Warsaw, the capital of Poland, through a cheap ticket, within 2 hours and 30 minutes and from New York while it would take you around 8 hours and 30 minutes to reach Poland. However, you still have the option to travel by road, rail or by waters. For the best Poland vacation, it is advised that you should take the car rental services which are widely available in the airports and the main town of the country.

You need not to worry about car rental for they are actually rampantly available in the airports as well as in main town of Poland. Since this service is relatively expensive, you may take the bicycles for hire services.

For your accommodation needs, Poland is capable of delivering you the finest yet inexpensive hotels. These hotels are rated as 1-star, 2-star, 3-star, 4-star and luxury. However, you could also avail of motels, boarding houses and tourist hotels which would surely fit with your budget.

If you go to Poland, never miss going to Cracow for you would surely love the morning till dawn horse-drawn carriages, dance clubs and street performance of the Polish. Also, in this place, you will find lots of modern hubs such as bars, restaurants and music clubs. With these activities and attractions, it is no wonder that the place is flocked with a lot of tourists. You will also be amazed with the Polish culture and the way people treat their guests and tourists.

When in Poland, you will be able to differentiate the big old cities found in Warsaw from what is commonly seen today. It is notable that Poland presents with pride the cathedrals and castles which are found in the country’s different cities. Moreover, you will get to visit the birthplace of the well-known Nicolaus Copernicus who is known for his helio-centric theory. Also, while in Poland, you will get to visit the UNESCO Heritage Site Bialowieza Forest. There are also sea resorts and mountain resorts which is a great venue to do skiing and hiking.

For relaxation, recreation and refreshment activities, you may take a visit at the country’s Museum of Arts situated at Lodz Poland. This museum is a combination of modern and conventional facets of life. At the ground floor of the museum, you will find a café, named a MS Café, and a bookshop which will answer your desires for knowledge about Poland.

Old map of Poland below:
map of Poland

Map of Monaco

map of Monaco

Quick facts about Monaco
Location: Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
Geographic coordinates: 43 44 N, 7 24 E
Area: “total: 1.95 sq km
land: 1.95 sq km
water: 0 sq km”
Land boundaries: “total: 4.4 km
border countries: France 4.4 km”
Coastline: 4.1 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky
Elevation extremes: “lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mont Agel 140 m”
Population: 36,371

Monaco Travel Guide and Destinations

If you are planning to go for a European vacation, why not spend some time to go to Monaco. It has lots of things to offer to every traveller  from its multi-million pound of yachts to the bottomless flow of champagne and more. It is worth to spend your next holiday in Monaco.

Geography of Monaco

By looking at the map of Monaco, one can see that Monaco is found in Western Europe that borders the Mediterranean Sea on the Southern coast of France close to the border with Italy.

Getting to Monaco

There is no airport in Monaco, as the nearest airport is Nice-Cote d’Azur or NCE. To get there, you may travel Europe through the following:Monaco’s total population is 36,371. The ethnic groups in Monaco are the Italian, Monegasque and French. French makes the majority of its people. Their dialect includes English, Italian and French and the majority of their life and culture has been influenced by the French and Italian’s way of living.

  • Travel by road: Places like Cannes and Nice are 50km and 18km west of the country while the French or Italian border and Menton are 12km and 9km east of the country. There are 3 attractive roads though in between Monaco and Nice: Highway 98, Highway 7, and the Grand Corniche. Taxi can be available with a surcharge after 2200 and a usual tip of 15%.
  • Travel by rail: The train service includes daily and overnight trips running through the principality of all the neighboring towns.
  • Travel by water: Main harbors are at Condamine or Hercule portand Fontvieille. They are equipped in handling yachts of every tonnage.

Tourists Destinations

Flag of Monaco on Map
Flag of Monaco on Map

Monaco is a perfect place to explore. Located at the Southern part of the Mediterranean Sea coast, the country offers a pleasing scenic wonders. Their tourist destination brims with natural beauty and historic spots.

  • Monaco- Ville – This is one of the best place to visit in Monaco which offers various places to go. It is an ancient city hall which includes ruins of the ancient dynasties which ruled the region before. The region also highlights the Oceanographic Museum found in the year 1910 by Prince Albert I. Chapelle de la Misericorde is also one of the ancient buildings of the region , Prince’s Palace and Saint Nicholas Cathedral may also be found in the region
  • The Monte Carlo – This region is known for its cosmopolitan culture and is one of the preferred places to go in Monaco having its colorful lifestyle which includes casinos, glamour, and residence of popular people.
  • The Fontvieille has recently become one of the key destinations in Monaco where wonderful mix of historical findings and scenic beauty are found.

Weather and Climate in Monaco

Throughout the year, Monaco maintains a mild climate with its hottest months in July and August with the coolest in January and February. Rainfall happens during the cooler months with an average of only 60 days of rain every year.

Clothes to wear

Lightweight clothes may be worn with a wrap to warm you during cooler summer nights. Light to medium weights have to be worn during winter. The beauty and historical places in Monaco is waiting for you. Travel Monaco and experience the culture of its people and a place rich in historical value. Do not forget to check out the best deals of cheap flights for this one-of-a-kind destination.


Istanbul once known as Constantinople

IstanbulPeople always wonder about the thing that makes Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey one of the world’s famous cities in Europe. Perhaps it is important that such people travel to Istanbul so that they can experience, first-hand, the various cultural centers and other tourist attractions that exist there. You may not be able to understand why this city is also known as the alpha world city unless you make a personal date with it too. This Turkish city, as it is currently known spans a rich history which has been handed down from one generation to the next. It was initially the capital city of the Roma Empire, then Eastern roman (Byzantine) Empire, then the Latin Empire and finally the Ottoman Empire. During each of these empires, they left significant landmarks that shaped the history, culture, politics and economy of Istanbul.

In addition, the fact that Istanbul earned another status in 2010 as a joint European Capital of Culture and the European Capital of Sports in 2012 is an indication of the high esteem that Istanbul enjoys among European cities. When Istanbul’s historic sites entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List, it brought this city to an international stature and therefore it is worth spending your holidays there. When you travel to Istanbul, you will not miss to see older buildings and the historic peninsula which is built on seven hills and surrounded by 22 kilometers of city walls. Tokapi Palace is located on the largest of the seven hills.

People who choose to explore Istanbul and its rich tourist attractions are impressed with its warm summer Mediterranean climate although these climatic conditions are not uniformly distributed throughout Istanbul. There are some parts of the city (northern parts) which have an oceanic climate. If you are the kind of person that is averse to rain during summer, then Istanbul is the most ideal place for your holidays. A number of people might prefer winters probably because they would like to do research or participate in sports. Istanbul could be the most suitable place because it is not only cold and wet during winter but it is also snowy. The good news is that snow cover melts away after a few days and therefore you need not worry if you were only planning to have this new experience for a day or two.

Though autumn and spring seasons are also good because they are mild, you may have to consider twice before deciding to travel there.  It can be wet or severely chilly. Temperatures also tend to be unpredictable. However, climate should not worry you as there are many things that will consume the cold. For instance, the Ottoman and Byzantine architecture will tell the whole story about the different rules by various empires. When you get there, you will be in a position to experience the Roman, Greek and the Genoese forms of architecture which have been able to stand the test of time. Tour farther and you will come across:

  • Mosques (the Hagia Sophia and imperial mosques)
  • Churches such as the Church of the Saints Sergius and Bacchus, the Stoudios Monastery etc.
  • Synagogues
  • The Maiden’s (Leander’s) Tower
  • The Valens Aqueduct
  • The Walls of Constantinople
  • The Column of Constantine

Whenever people want to explore or tour a given city, they always ask themselves about the city’s utilities. It is important to note that the government has ensured all people are provided with clean water which is filtered and chlorinated. Most importantly, Istanbul has a well established sewerage disposal system in addition to its water supply system. Are you wondering whether you will be able to watch television or use your laptop? You need not blow off your head with worry because the city has a reliable electricity supply.

Your holidays can be hectic if a given tourist destination has not developed its transportation systems. It is imperative to point out that Istanbul has two international airports: Ataturk International Airport and Sabiha Gokcen International Airport which will ensure that you are shipped to and from Istanbul. In case you prefer sea transport, you could use commuter ferries so that you can have a rare experience of the panoramic views of the sea and surrounding sites. Alternatively, you could consider using the high speed catamaran seabus which connects between the Princes Islands and the city.  Due to its well developed motorways and express highways, a visitor or tourist is able to travel easily without fear of being stuck in the traffic jam indefinitely. There are still many other means of transport that you can use in order to have a feel of Istanbul’s culture, museums and other recreation sites.  It is advisable to select a means of transport that will easily and cost effectively take you where you want to go.


Click on the map of Prague above to enlarge. 

Prague the cosmopolitan treasure

PragueWhat makes Prague, which is the largest and capital city of the Czech Republic, different from other cities? Is it worth spending your holidays in or is it just an ordinary city with nothing for its visitors to experience? Although the city is popular for its temperate oceanic climate with warm summers, its chilly winters cannot be ignored. Most visitors are expected to exercise their discretion as they make their tour of the city during chilly winters or warm summers. It is impossible to dictate when all people should visit Prague. This is a city that has been in existence since the Gothic through the Renaissance and was at some point the capital of the Holy Roman Empire before the World War I.

Despite the fact that Prague has variously been a victim of war in the 20th century Europe, it never lost its cultural attractions which have arrested the attention of locals and foreigners. Each year people from all over the world come to explore some of its main attractions such as the Charles Bridge, the Jewish Quarter, the Prague Castle, Old Town Square, Petrin Hill and the Lennon Wall. If you have only read or heard about these exceptional attractions, it is high time you planned a tour for your forthcoming holidays. UNESCO does not include a historic centre such as Prague in its list for no apparent reason. Prague has all it takes to make a World Heritage Site; this is a status it earned in 1992 till today.

It is very hard to find a city that has at least ten museums in its custody. Besides, Prague has managed to keep its galleries, theatres, cinemas and other historical exhibits in a near pristine condition. Many scholars have commented that Prague is one of the few cities that value future generations and other visitors who would love to come to Prague and experience not only a change in climate but also a change in the attractions that the visitor is used to seeing in other countries. Since Prague has a rich history, it is increasingly becoming one of the most popular tourist attractions. It is estimated that Prague receives at least 4 million international visitors annually.

Did you learn in your history class that the Prague Astronomical Clock whose installation took place in 1910 is the 3rd oldest astronomical clock in the world? When you tour Prague you will be able to see it still standing tall and strong. Can you imagine that this very astronomical clock is the only one still in its proper working condition? It is reported that students, scholars, journalists and scientists travel miles and miles just to study or see this amazing clock. It is a clear testament of the ingenuity and foresight that forefathers of science were capable of despite the limited resources that they had access to.

Other most popular sites that you can explore include:

  • Bridges over the Vltara River
  • Milunic and Gehry’s Dnacing House
  • Franz Kafka monument in the Dusni Street
  • Prague castle storing the Czech Crown Jewels
  • Gothic Old New Synagogue
  • Wenceslas Square
  • The infant Jesus of Prague
  • The Old Jewish Cemetery
  • The Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague
  • The Prague Zoo
  • The Museum of the Heydrich Assassination

With these and many other tourist attraction sites, Prague still holds a prominent position among the most popular tourist destinations in Europe and the world. In Europe, it is hailed as the 6th most visited city after European cities such as Paris, London, Berlin, Madrid and Rome. It has been able to enjoy this position and reputation because it was not a serious causality of the World War II as compared to its counterparts in the region. Additionally, its architectural collections are still intact as they are varied too.

Studies indicate that some visitors come specifically to experience the fine sunny days and cool nights of summers. They do not mind the heavy rains that are characteristic of Prague’s summers. On the other hand, there are those who come to enjoy the cultural diversity of Prague since this city is among Europe’s top cultural centres.  Some of Prague’s most popular cultural institutions include:

  • The Estates Theatre, which is remembered for providing venue to the premiere of Mozart’s La clemenza di Tito and Don Giovanni.
  • The National Theatre (Narodni Divadlo)
  • Rudolfinum and the Municipal House, popular for Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and Prague Symphony Orchestra respectively.

People that have had a chance to explore or tour Prague can not stop talking about the city’s numerous galleries, concert halls, music clubs as well as cinemas.  In fact, it has now become a popular weekend destination as a result of the recent introduction of Europe’s low-cost airlines. They simply cannot afford to stay away from Prague’s cuisine and beer as they travel to their favourite cultural sites or museums.

Map of Berlin

Berlin Map


This map of Berlin shows all the major boroughs and suburbs they are broken up into. When travelling around Berlin make sure you always have a map on you as it can get pretty confusing.

Berlin is one of those iconic European cities. It was destroyed almost down to the last brick in WW2 and was rebuilt in communist minimalist style during the USSR occupation. It has bounced back since the reunification of Germany to become one of the most vibrant and liveable cities of the world.

Berlin’s tragic twentieth century history has done nothing to dampen the populations love of life and  it has become one of the gourmet meccas of the world.

We have added the map above to give you an easy to reference chart of Berlin but we will be adding in a map of the best eating spots in Berlin in the very near future.

Blank Map of Europe


Here is a blank map of Europe. Unlike most other blank Europe maps we have made the oceans blue to distinguish them from the actual continental mass.

The assignment here is to try and name all the countries. You can either do this in a program like MS paint or you can print the map out and then hand write all the country names in.

New Blank Map of Europe

We are adding to our repository of European maps. While the above blank Europe map served the website well over the years we have come to the realization that the map is looking a touch dated now.

Blank Map of Europe
Blank Map of Europe

We will be adding many blank maps to this page and make it into one of the premier resources for blank maps on the internet.

What Other Maps Will be Added?

We will be adding other versions of blank maps of Europe. Also we will be adding a blank map of the world. This might be added here or a new page might be created to accommodate it.

Another consideration that will be taken into account is the possibility for blank maps of all the different countries of Europe. The format will be a blank outline of the country but also showing the territory’s, states, counties and shires.

Some countries like the United Kingdom is made up of semi-autonomous regions like Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England as well as shires and counties. Either a number of separate maps showing the different kinds of regions will be added or we will have one big map that can be drilled down into, to show the detail in greater depth.

Sizes are Important

Some feedback we have been getting from users has been that we are not providing enough different sizes. here at we have tried to offer large maps which have lots of detail. However with mobile becoming such a large influence on how users experience our website we have come to the realization that some smaller sized maps are required, both blank and detailed. Users still print our maps regularly so we are also working on maps of Europe that print easily into the different paper sizes particularly A3, A4 and Foolscap. Foolscap is still widely used in schools and other educational institutions so we have no plans to phase that paper size out.

Colors are Important

Blank European maps all have one thing in common and that is obviously that they are blank but some feedback we have received is that colors are important to our users. We will be offering a much wider variety of colors in our blank maps. Traditionally blank maps are comprised of varying shades of black, white and grey. These types of maps will be on offer here in the near future but we do feel that other colors and shades are needed. In the not to distant future we will be offering light pink and light blue blank maps of Europe. A new choose your own color map is also just over the horizon. users will be able to tailor the map colors to suit their needs.


Time Zone World Map

Why Do We Need a Time Zone World Map

The planet earth is broken up into regions we call time zones. They basically follow the cycle of the sun as the earth spins and different parts of the world face the sun. Humans need to sleep and we generally do this activity at night time. In this era of transcontinental corporations and business enterprises, time zones are more important than ever.

Time Zone World Map
Time Zone World Map

The world timezone map begins and ends at Greenwich a suburb of London in the UK. The map is based around what was formerly known as Greenwich mean time but is now known as Coordinated Universal Time. The World Map we have above is centred in Greenwich and to the left and right are the farthest points away from this line and are -11 hours away from Coordinated Universal Time. The countries in this furthest timezone are territories like American Samoa and the Jarvis Islands. Interestingly it is these tiny little countries that are the first to celebrate new years every year.

Each timezone is one hour in length so there are 24 separate time zones as there are twenty four hours in a day. You can see that the each timezone on the world map above is not straight. This is because time zones only apply to landmasses above the oceans and will generally try to take sovereign territories into account. Islands are generally included with the large landmasses that are nearby although in cases like Indonesia that is one big archipelago there are multiple time zones spread across the country.

How Many Time Zones Are There In Europe?

There are 4 time zones in Europe. The UK, Portugal, Ireland and Iceland are grouped together in the 0 UTC. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Italy Germany, Luxembourg, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Switzerland Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia are all grouped together in +1 UTC. Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Moldova, Roumania, Bulgaria and Greece are grouped together in +2 UTC. Finally we have Russia, Belarus and Turkey grouped together in +3 UTC, although it is still debatable if Turkey is considered part of Europe.

There have been arguments to increase the length of each time zone to 2 or 3 hours. Pundits feel this would simplify things as it would reduce the number of time zones and countries like the USA would only have 1 time zone and just use daylight saving to adjust for daylight hours. Realistically this would actually just make things more difficult for individuals even if business would probably applaud the innovation.

Speaking of business and time zones. There are places around the world like Adelaide in Australia that should technically be 1 hour behind the large and influential cities of Sydney and Melbourne but have agreed to adjust the time zone purely for commercial reasons. So instead of being +9 UTC, for all intense and purposes Adelaide is +9.5 UTC.

The International Space Station is travelling at 17,500 mph (28,000 km/h) and can do 16 revolutions of the earth in a day. It is therefore passing through multiple time zones a day. Astronauts aboard the ISS log events against GMT/UTC just to simply procedures.





Road Map of Europe

Road Map of Europe

So here we have a map of all the major highways in Europe. There are no highway names as the map would not probably fit onto the website. It is just here to give you an idea of what countries are connected by the main road network. If you click on the map above it will expand and you will be able to see a bit better which countries are connected by these highways.

The above map is a much better road map of Europe than the old one.

We have updated the maps and brought it into the 21st century. The old road map was quite frankly a little underwhelming but the new one is much clearer and we have deliberately made it a bigger size so when zoomed in you will get a better idea where you are heading.

We have included the old one below as we know that some people still use it.

Old Road Map of Europe

Legal Status of Bitcoin in Europe (Map)

How Many European Countries have Legalized Bitcoin?

45 European countries have legalized Bitcoin. 3 Countries are neutral on the legal status of Bitcoin. 6 Countries have provided no information on the legal status of Bitcoin. 1 country (Republic of Macedonia) has made bitcoin illegal. The table below shows what the status is within each European country.

Ont thing we for got to check in the original story was what is the Macedonian Denar worth in Bitcoin at the time of writing this edit it is worth 680101.34 Denar. So there is definitely still an exchange of Denar and BTC occurring. We do think Bitcoin Converter is one of the best sites out there for calculating BTC exchange rates.

Country Name Bitcoin Legality Classification
Albania Neutral Commodity
Andorra Neutral No Information
Armenia No Information No Information
Austria Legal Barter Good
Belarus Legal Commodity
Belgium Legal Currency
Bosnia and Herzegovina No Information No Information
Bulgaria Legal Currency
Croatia Legal Currency
Cyprus Legal Currency
Czech Republic Legal Currency
Denmark Legal Currency
Estonia Legal Currency
Finland Legal Currency
France Legal Commodity
Georgia Legal No Classification
Germany Legal Barter Good
Gibraltar Legal No Information
Greece Legal Currency
Greenland Legal Commodity
Guernsey No Information No Information
Vatican City No Information No Information
Hungary Legal Currency
Iceland Legal Currency
Ireland Legal Currency
Isle of Man Legal No Information
Italy Legal Currency
Jersey Legal Currency
Kosovo Neutral No Information
Latvia Legal Currency
Liechtenstein Legal Currency
Lithuania Legal Currency
Luxembourg Legal Currency
Malta Legal Currency
Monaco Legal Currency
Montenegro No Information No Information
Netherlands Legal Commodity
Poland Legal Property
Portugal Legal No
Republic of Macedonia Illegal No Information
Republic of Moldova No Information No Information
Romania Legal Currency
Russian Federation Legal Currency
San Marino Legal Currency
Serbia Legal Commodity
Slovakia Legal Currency
Slovenia Legal Currency
Spain Legal Currency
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Legal Commodity
Sweden Legal Commodity
Switzerland Legal Currency
Turkey Legal Commodity
Ukraine Legal Currency
United Kingdom Legal Currency

The sea of green in the map and table above highlights that Bitcoin is legal in almost every country in Europe and is currently legal in all 28 member countries of the European Union. What does this mean for Bitcoin? It is here to stay. As of writing this article Bitcoin is on the verge of surpassing USD$8000.00 again.

Bitcoin price
Image from

Bitcoin has been here before. December 2017 it hit USD$19,783.06 then plummeted to under USD$6200.00 by February 2018. So yes, Bitcoin is volatile there is no denying that but what currency hasn’t been volatile at some point in its history? Bitcoin is still in its infancy, for example the USD has been around since 1785 and has had a volatile history. Eventually most currencies settle down and get into a groove and the market begins to trust it.

Judging by how many countries now accept that bitcoin can be exchanged for goods means that the magical trust factor is already starting to solidify around Bitcoin. This is different from Bitcoin being considered legal tender. Most EU member countries only accept the Euro as legal tender (except the UK). However, shops, pubs, petrol stations and more types of establishments are starting to accept Bitcoin as payment in exchange for goods and services and Bitcoin teller machines are sprouting faster than mushrooms after a summer shower.

Why is Bitcoin Illegal in Macedonia?

The Governor of the National Bank of Macedonia, Dimitar Bogov puts it like this:

“In Macedonia, the legal means for payment in cash and non-cash payment operations is the denar,”

This policy is futile. If a person has access to the internet then they have access to Bitcoin. It is suspected that hundreds if not thousands of Bitcoin transactions a week originate from Macedonia. So a subset of the Macedonia population is already circumventing these laws. If Macedonia wants to join the EU at any time in the future, then the denar will have to be dropped and at this point it is widely suspected that Bitcoin will no longer be outlawed. Some commentators that it may become legal long before that anyway.  You can compare this map image to the standard map of Europe.

Will the European Union (EU) Survive Brexit?

What is Brexit?

Brexit is the conjunction of two words Britain and Exit. It was coined by The Economist magazine back in 2012. It describes the anticipated split of Britain from the EU.  Brexit is such a commonly used term that it has been added to the Oxford Dictionary.

Will the EU Survive Without the UK?

Yes, the EU can survive without the UK. The two questions that follow from this are. What kind of EU will remain and what kind of Britain will it be. While it is feasible that the split could cause the EU headaches and some initial teething problems. Eventually the EU will bounce back.

In the short term the statistical data will look bad for the EU. Experts believe that the EU will lose 16% of its GDP when the UK leaves the union. This is a straight out fact as that the is the proportion of GDP that the UK made up of the overall EU economy. The UK is the second biggest economy in the EU, under Germany but above France. So anyway you look at it that is a big statistical value to lose. When the UK leaves the EU economy for the first time since inception of the EU28 (the European Union with 28 member countries) will be smaller than the USA economy.

The flip side to this coin is that the UK since about 2007 has been a drag on the EU economy. Economic growth in the EU without the UK will actually be faster. The UK economy has been relatively stagnant since the (GFC) Global Financial Crisis. London’s financial markets were proven to be very vulnerable to the affects of the GFC and have not recovered well. The UK’s manufacturing and exports are predicted to grow slower than the EU in 2019 and 2020, so the overall effect on the EU economy of Brexit will be a positive one. Even if initially the numbers will look worse.

The European Union after Brexit will be a very different beast but probably a more robust, strong and progressive animal.

Will the UK Survive Without the EU?

Yes, the UK can survive without the EU. The UK economy is  the 5th largest in the world. This is despite all the pains the UK economy suffered over the GFC. The UK government is attempting  forge ahead with new trade pacts with countries like Australia but at the end of the day the EU is the UK’s biggest trading partner. this is not likely to change for decades to come. How will Brexit affect trade? The will be determined by the trade deal the Uk parliament can put in place with the EU. Currently they are not having much success in putting an kind of agreement on paper that is both acceptable to the UK parliament and the member countries of the EU. If this isn’t sorted then Initially trade will take a hit and possibly have a long term negative affect.


Brexit is a force for change in the world. Both the EU and the UK will initially feel some negative affects from the split but will these effects be long lasting? Only time will tell.

Europe Undersea Cable Map

Click on the map of European undersea cables above to enlarge

Not much has changed in the world of undersea fibre optic cables in 2018. The map above is a snap shot from a great resource that keeps up to date on all the undersea cables that are being built around the world. The longest continuous undersea cable fibre optic cable actually goes from Europe to South Korea and stretches for 38624 kilometres.

While this map probably won’t interest everyone, it is one of those maps we like to throw into the mix for educational purposes. These cables keep the internet flowing and without the internet this site wouldn’t exist.

Russia Ukraine – Martial Law After Seizure

Above we have a map of Russia and the Ukraine showing the sight of the latest altercation.

The Ukraine has declare martial Law after Russia seized 3 military vessels near the Kersch Straight. Under the terms of a 2003 agreement, the Azov sea and its access point through the Kerch Strait are supposed to be shared by Ukraine and Russia. In 2014 Russia took control of Crimea and the agreement has slowly been eroding away. Russia now controls both the East and West coastline of the Straight and has built what many believe is an illegal bridge across the straights.The kersch Bridge is a 19km bridge that now straddles the straights and connects Crimea directly to Russia.

Russia has upped the protection of the straights since the building of the bridge and this has directly lead to the current altercation between the FSB a Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation and 3 Ukrainian navy boats. Interestingly a strong reaction against Russia has been declared by most members of the United Nations. Even the US Ambassador Nikki Haley has condemned the action by Russia. Mike Pompeo, The US secretary of state is quoted as saying

“The United States condemns this aggressive Russian action. We call on Russia to return to Ukraine its vessels and detained crew members, and to respect Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders, extending to its territorial waters”

We are in for some interesting times in the months ahead. Analysts are saying with less pressure from the United States and with Europe’s reliance on Russian Gas, the European Winter coming on Russia is feeling embolden to press some of it’s nationalistic claims. The feeling amongst analysts is that Russia will back off as summer comes around again.


Map of Greenland

While Greenland is technically closer to Canada than it is to Europe. It is an autonomous constituent country within the kingdom of Denmark. With a low population of about fifty seven thousand people, it is one the least populated territories on earth. The capital is Nuuk and most of the population is made up Inuit who began migrating from the North American continent about seven hundred years ago. Greenland was settled by the Norse a about a thousand years ago but most of the Norse either died out or interbred with the Inuit population.

Greenland has also the largest permanent ice sheet outside of Antarctica. Most of the map of Greenland you see above is just ice sheet.

Map of Official Languages of Europe

Map of the Languages of Europe

You can click on the map above to get a visual relationship of the languages and the countries they are attached to. We recognise that the term “official language” can be somewhat debated. So what we have put together here is a map of the most spoken/official language of the countries of Europe.

Fr clarity we have added a table of the official national languages and also the spoken languages in a country. There are times we have to make decisions about language naming convetions mostly due to room on the map. The Balkan nations are packed together and leave little room for names. So in Bosnia-Herzegovina we have shortened the language name to Sebo-Croatian, which technically is not accurate.

We realise there are some inconsistencies in the map. An example is that we have listed Corsican as a language of Corsica but not included it in the table. We will be updating the table in the next few months to more accurately represent situations like these.

Country Official and national Languages Other spoken Languages
Albania Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect) Shqip-Gheg dialect (Gegë), Greek, Italian
Andorra Catalan French, Castilian, Portuguese
Austria German, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian
(official in Burgenland)
Belarus Belarusian, Russian
Belgium Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%
Bosnia & Herzegovina Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Bulgaria Bulgarian Turkish
Croatia Croatian (hrvatski)
Cyprus Greek, Turkish, English
Czech Republic Czech (cestina)
Denmark Danish (dansk) Standard German
Estonia Estonian (eesti keel) Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish
Faroe Islands Faroese, Danish
Finland Finnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9% small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities
France French (français)
Germany German (Deutsch)
Gibraltar English Llanito (a mixture of Spanish and English), Spanish
Greece Greek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version) Turkish (Northern Greece)
Greenland Greenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish
Hungary Hungarian (magyar) German, Romanian
Iceland Icelandic English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken.
Ireland Irish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),
Italy Italian (italiano)
Latvia Latvian (latviesu valoda) Lithuanian, Russian
Liechtenstein German
Lithuania Lithuanian (lietuviu kalba) Polish, Russian
Luxembourg Luxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken
language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)
Macedonia, Rep. of Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%
Malta Maltese (Malti) English
Moldova Moldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Monaco French Monegasque, English, Italian,
Montenegro Serbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect – official)
Netherlands Dutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)
Norway Norwegian (nynorsk and bokmal) small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Poland Polish (polski)
Portugal Portuguese (português)
Romania Romanian (romana) Hungarian, German
Russian Federation Russian
San Marino Italian
Serbia Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%
Slovakia Slovak (slovensky jazyk) Hungarian
Slovenia Slovenian (slovenski jezik)
Spain Spanish (español – the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan
17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages
are official regionally.
Sweden Swedish (svenska) small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
Switzerland German 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%
Turkey Turkish (türkçe) Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek
Ukraine Ukrainian
United Kingdom English Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales),
Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
Vatican City State Latin, Italian French and various other languages.

Map of Europe Pre World War One

Europe Map before World War 1

Here we have a map of Europe before the break out of WW1. As you can see there are some Countries that have remained relatively the same. Norway, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands and Italy to name a few.

What is different is that there a number of Empires also on the map. These Empires do seem to encroach on existing countries. A few examples are The Austro-Hungarian empire has at this stage swallowed Croatia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The German empire has been pushed into parts of what is considered modern Denmark and also controls large parts of Poland. The Russian empire controls all of Finland, Parts of Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, Georgia, Latvia and Estonia. The Otton Empire, by this stage has been pushed back into Turkey and is actually an Ally of the German empire in the First World War.

The other thing we can say that stands out on this map which you won’t find on a modern map is that, what is now the Republic of Ireland is part of the United Kingdom.