Map of Official Languages of Europe

Map of official languages of Europe

Map of the Languages of Europe

You can click on the map above to get a visual relationship of the languages and the countries they are attached to. We recognise that the term “official language” can be somewhat debated. So what we have put together here is a map of the most spoken/official language of the countries of Europe.

Fr clarity we have added a table of the official national languages and also the spoken languages in a country. There are times we have to make decisions about language naming convetions mostly due to room on the map. The Balkan nations are packed together and leave little room for names. So in Bosnia-Herzegovina we have shortened the language name to Sebo-Croatian, which technically is not accurate.

We realise there are some inconsistencies in the map. An example is that we have listed Corsican as a language of Corsica but not included it in the table. We will be updating the table in the next few months to more accurately represent situations like these.

Country Official and national Languages Other spoken Languages
AlbaniaAlbanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect)Shqip-Gheg dialect (Gegë), Greek, Italian
AndorraCatalanFrench, Castilian, Portuguese
AustriaGerman, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian
(official in Burgenland)
BelarusBelarusian, Russian
BelgiumDutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%
Bosnia & HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
BulgariaBulgarianTurkish
CroatiaCroatian (hrvatski)
CyprusGreek, Turkish, English
Czech RepublicCzech (cestina)
DenmarkDanish (dansk)Standard German
EstoniaEstonian (eesti keel)Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish
Faroe IslandsFaroese, Danish
FinlandFinnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9%small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities
FranceFrench (français)
GermanyGerman (Deutsch)
GibraltarEnglishLlanito (a mixture of Spanish and English), Spanish
GreeceGreek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version)Turkish (Northern Greece)
GreenlandGreenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish
HungaryHungarian (magyar)German, Romanian
IcelandIcelandicEnglish, Nordic languages, German widely spoken.
IrelandIrish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),
ItalyItalian (italiano)
LatviaLatvian (latviesu valoda)Lithuanian, Russian
LiechtensteinGerman
LithuaniaLithuanian (lietuviu kalba)Polish, Russian
LuxembourgLuxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken
language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)
Macedonia, Rep. ofMacedonian 68%, Albanian 25%
MaltaMaltese (Malti)English
MoldovaMoldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language),Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
MonacoFrenchMonegasque, English, Italian,
MontenegroSerbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect – official)
NetherlandsDutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)
NorwayNorwegian (nynorsk and bokmal)small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
PolandPolish (polski)
PortugalPortuguese (português)
RomaniaRomanian (romana)Hungarian, German
Russian FederationRussian
San MarinoItalian
SerbiaSerbian 95%, Albanian 5%
SlovakiaSlovak (slovensky jazyk)Hungarian
SloveniaSlovenian (slovenski jezik)
SpainSpanish (español – the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan
17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages
are official regionally.
SwedenSwedish (svenska)small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
SwitzerlandGerman 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%
TurkeyTurkish (türkçe)Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek
UkraineUkrainian
United KingdomEnglishWelsh (about 26% of the population of Wales),
Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
Vatican City StateLatin, ItalianFrench and various other languages.