Map of the EU
Click on the image above to get a large version of the map of the European Union. The European Union is currently a conglomeration of 27 European countries, which we will list below. The United Kingdom has now left the European Union but judging by the political termoil in late 2022 it may re-enter the EU at some time in the future. The only hard border affected by this is the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Currently the EU has a population of about 447,007,596 people and an area of 4,233,255.3 km2 but as mentioned above thie will all change soon. The EU started with the treaty of Paris in 1951 and was only made up of six countries. This being the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and West Germany and originated from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and in 1957 at the treaty of Rome the European Economic Community (EEC) was brought into being. The Maastricht Treaty of 1993 brought into being the European Union as we know it today.
Map of the EU 2023
With Boris Johnson winning the UK election in 2019 with a thumping majority the current EU map is going to change in a very big way. All us map making sites are in a bit of “tizzy” as to how to handle this. Here at mapofeurope.com we have decided that for now we will be including Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland. This is no way represents the current geopolitical situation on the ground in the emerald isle. However for clarity we have undertaken to keep all of Ireland the same color until we get a clearer understanding of how the soft border in the middle of the Irish Sea works.
Boris Johnson’s plan for Brexit has an article which basically states the following:
“It says that goods going into Northern Ireland from Great Britain will not be subject to tariffs “unless that good is at risk of subsequently being moved into the European Union and that household goods will be exempt.”.
However in reality the European Union has veto over exemptions and Northern Ireland loses most of its control over goods travelling from the United Kingdom, through Northern Ireland and into the European Union. This becomes the famous border or line in the middle of the Irish Sea which the DUP “Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party” is totally against but can do nothing about.
Brexit could be the catalyst to Scotland finally leaving the United Kingdom. Another referendum seems to be on the table and polls have the leave vote ahead of the stay vote. The Scottish National Party (SNP) has made it clear that they are not in favor of braking away from the European Union but they will have no choice under Boris Johnson’s regime. The year 2020 is going to be a very interesting year for Europe and the European Union.
List of the Countries in the EU
|Austria||Vienna||1 January 1995|
|Bulgaria||Sofia||1 January 2007|
|Croatia||Zagreb||1 July 2013|
|Cyprus||Nicosia||1 May 2004|
|Czech Republic||Prague||1 May 2004|
|Denmark||Copenhagen||1 January 1973|
|Estonia||Tallinn||1 May 2004|
|Finland||Helsinki||1 January 1995|
|Greece||Athens||1 January 1981|
|Hungary||Budapest||1 May 2004|
|Ireland||Dublin||1 January 1973|
|Latvia||Riga||1 May 2004|
|Lithuania||Vilnius||1 May 2004|
|Malta||Valletta||1 May 2004|
|Poland||Warsaw||1 May 2004|
|Portugal||Lisbon||1 January 1986|
|Romania||Bucharest||1 January 2007|
|Slovakia||Bratislava||1 May 2004|
|Slovenia||Ljubljana||1 May 2004|
|Spain||Madrid||1 January 1986|
|Sweden||Stockholm||1 January 1995|
For posterity we have included the old, pre-brexit map of of the European Union below! It is a shame that the United Kingdom has opted to leave but hopefully they will return in the future.